On Oct. 3, JICA President Shinichi Kitaoka met with Dr. Denis Mukwege (2018 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate) of the Panzi General Reference Hospital in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) at JICA headquarters.
At the outset, Dr. Kitaoka expressed deep respect for the long-standing activities of Dr. Mukwege for victims of sexual violence in the conflict in the DRC. Dr. Mukwege expressed about, in addition to providing physical treatment for victims of sexual violence, the importance of providing mental care, and support for economic independence and to help the victims to overcome their trauma to return to their pre-incident status. Further, he explained the future action plans, including the expansion of support provided by Panzi General Reference Hospital and scale up support for other regions in the DRC and other countries, in order to provide support for more victims of sexual violence. He expressed his expectations of support and assistance from Japan for these activities as well as for the “Global Reparation Fund”, which he himself launched. Afterward, the two exchanged opinions on the causes and the background of sexual violence being used as a weapon in conflict and confirmed the importance of efforts to eradicate sexual violence and support its victims from the viewpoint of "human security".
JICA continues to contribute to the establishment of peace in the DRC.
Reporters Without Borders (RSF) joins Journalist in Danger (JED), its partner organization in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in calling for a thorough investigation to quickly identify the perpetrators and circumstances of last weekend’s murder of a community radio journalist in the northeastern province of Ituri.
Was Papy Mahamba Mumbere killed because of his commitment to combatting the Ebola epidemic that has killed thousands in the DRC?
For the first time in 19 years, a team of scientists has detected a new strain of HIV.
The strain is a part of the Group M version of HIV-1, the same family of virus subtypes to blame for the global HIV pandemic, according to Abbott Laboratories, which conducted the research along with the University of Missouri, Kansas City. The findings were published Wednesday in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.
HIV has several different subtypes or strains, and like other viruses, it has the ability to change and mutate over time. This is the first new Group M HIV strain identified since guidelines for classifying subtypes were established in 2000. It is important to know what strains of the virus are circulating to ensure that tests used to detect the disease are effective.
"It can be a real challenge for diagnostic tests," Mary Rodgers, a co-author of the report and a principal scientist at Abbott, said. Her company tests more than 60% of the world's blood supply, she said, and they have to look for new strains and track those in circulation so "we can accurately detect it, no matter where it happens to be in the world."
Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said current treatments for HIV are effective against this strain and others. However, identifying a new strain provides a more complete map of how HIV evolves.
"There's no reason to panic or even to worry about it a little bit," Fauci said. "Not a lot of people are infected with this. This is an outlier."
For scientists to be able to declare that this was a new subtype, three cases of it must be detected independently. The first two were found in the Democratic Republic of Congo in the 1983 and 1990.
The two strains were "very unusual and didn't match other strains," Rodgers said. The third sample found in Congo was collected in 2001 as a part of a study aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of the virus. The sample was small, and while it seemed similar to the two older samples, scientists wanted to test the whole genome to be sure. At the time, there wasn't technology to determine if this was the new subtype.
So scientists at Abbott and the University of Missouri developed new techniques to study and map the 2001 sample. Rodgers said it was "like searching for a needle in a haystack," and then "pulling the needle out with a magnet."
They were able to fully sequence the sample, meaning they were able to create a full picture of what it was, and determine that it was, in fact, subtype L of Group M.
It's unclear how this variant of the virus may impact the body differently, if it does act differently at all. Current HIV treatments can fight a wide variety of virus strains, and it is believed that these treatments can fight this newly named one.
"This discovery reminds us that to end the HIV pandemic, we must continue to out think this continuously changing virus and use the latest advancements in technology and resources to monitor its evolution," study co-author, Dr. Carole McArthur, a professor in the department of oral and craniofacial sciences at the University of Missouri, Kansas City, said in a statement.
About 36.7 million in the world are living with HIV, according to World Health Organization. UNAIDS estimates that in 2016, some 1.8 million people became newly infected.
CNN's Jacqueline Howard contributed to this report.
Le 16è Cours préparatoire à l'obtention du diplôme d'Etat-Major (16ème CEM), pour le compte de l'année 2019-2020 a été lancé mercredi 6 novembre 2019. La cérémonie officielle a été présidée par le Contre-Amiral, Chef d'Etat-Major Général des Forces armées béninoises, à l'Ecole nationale supérieure des armées (ENSA) de Porto-Novo. Il s'agit de 30 stagiaires de différentes nationalités dont 23 Béninois et 7 des pays frères et amis notamment 2 de la République du Congo, 2 de la République du Niger, 2 de la République du (...)
Country: World, Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Millions displaced; women, girls hit hardest; crises compounded by conflicts, poverty and inequality; $700m average climate-related losses; urgent action needed now
More than 52 million people in 18 countries across southern, eastern and central Africa are facing up to crisis levels of hunger as a result of weather extremes, compounded by poverty and conflict.
Some areas are facing a second extreme drought in four years and worse than that sparked by El Nino in 1981.
In the South, parts of Zimbabwe have had their lowest rainfall since 1981 which has helped push more than 5.5m people into extreme food insecurity. Zambia’s rich maize-growing area has been decimated and exports are now banned; 2.3m people there are food insecure. The situation is worsening including in Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Madagascar, Namibia and Zimbabwe. There are reports of farmer suicides in South Africa.
Drought has also hit the East and Horn of Africa particularly Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. At the same time, record-breaking temperatures in the Indian Ocean have dumped ultra-heavy rainfalls into Kenya and South Sudan, causing flash-flooding especially along major river arteries. South Sudan has declared a state of emergency with more than 900,000 people hit by floods.
In Africa extreme weather events have hit many countries already suffering from ongoing conflict. Across the continent, 7.6 million people were displaced by conflict in the first six months of 2019, and another 2.6 million by extreme weather. In the Horn, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan have simultaneously faced over 750 000 people displaced by conflict and 350 000 displaced by extreme weather.
Scientists have demonstrated how climate change is increasing the frequency or severity of many extreme weather events. Over the last decade, these 18 African countries have collectively suffered average annual losses of $700m from climate-related disasters– and this is without counting the cost of these latest crises, says Oxfam. However, there has been minimal progress globally in raising funds specifically to address loss and damage from climate change. Africa contributes less than 5% of total global emissions but is suffering some of the most severe impacts of the climate crisis.
Officials will meet at the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment (AMCEN) in Durban Nov 11-15 to discuss the future of Africa’s “environmental sustainability and prosperity”. Oxfam urges ministers to demand that industrial nations honor their promises to avoid escalating human and financial costs and to pay for damages.
“We are witnessing millions of already poor people facing extreme food insecurity and exhausting their reserves because of compounding climate shocks that hit already vulnerable communities hardest. They need help urgently. The scale of the drought devastation across southern Africa is staggering,” said Oxfam’s Southern Africa Regional Director Nellie Nyang'wa.
“In western Kenya, the crop harvest is 25% down and in parts of Somalia up to 60%. Livestock in many rural areas are emaciated and milk production is down. Cereal prices in some areas have rocketed up to five-year highs, pricing out poorer people. Nearly 7m people in the region are living just below the catastrophic hunger line,” said Oxfam’s Horn, East and Central Africa regional director Lydia Zigomo. “It is a vicious cycle where poor and marginalized communities, mostly women and girls, are more exposed to the climate crisis and less able to cope and recover from its harm.”.
Mithika Mwenda, chief executive of Oxfam’s partner PACJA, said “communities at the frontline of this climate crisis are overstretched and may be facing potential annihilation. But local people are doing everything that can to overcome the challenge. There are unprecedented levels of organization happening where governments have let local people down.”
“We’re seeing people trying to cope with shifting seasons and erratic rainfall by finding new ways to make a living off-farm. Women are coming together to pool their resources through small internal lending communities, buying food together, growing sweet potatoes instead of maize – all without outside support. Local people have the solutions but what they lack is resources, especially funding.
“Our leaders should look to support these community solutions to build up people’s resilience to climate change. For 35 years AMCEN has been a very important platform with impactful policies that have helped to create awareness of environmental sustainability. It needs to move away now from policy making to policy implementation.”
Oxfam is currently reaching more than 7 million people in ten of the hardest hit countries with food and water support, and long-term development projects to help people cope better with climate-related shocks. Oxfam plans to reach 10% of those most in need in these ten countries and is trying to raise $65m to do so.
Oxfam is calling on African ministers at the AMCEN meeting to:
• Insist rich industrialised countries decrease their CO2 emissions in line with the Paris Agreement's goal of limiting global heating to below 1.5C, and honour their commitment to mobilise $100bn a year by 2020 to fund climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts in developing countries;
• Demand governments agree to develop a new funding mechanism for “loss and damage” from climate change at the upcoming UN climate conference (COP25);
• Invest more into universal, high-quality and gender-responsive public services and strengthen tax systems in African countries to close the gap between rich and poor;
• Improve their disaster warning and management systems, and commit to re-greening and agricultural policies that target women and men small-scale farmers;
• Invest in “social accountability” projects that ensures climate finance can reach the communities that need it most, and empowering them in their own decision-making
• Engage women and girls in the planning, design and implementation of early warning systems and climate mitigation and adaptation programs
• Protect people who are forced to move so that they are able to do so in safety, dignity and on their own terms.
• Spokespersons available. To arrange for interviews contact:
• At the AMCEN event in Durban: Asanda Ngoasheng; Oxfam South Africa Media Lead: Asanda.Ngoasheng@oxfam.org.za +27826109374
• Nesrine Aly; Global Media Lead: firstname.lastname@example.org +447503989838; +201222486964
Note to editors
The 18 African countries analysed are Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Oxfam’s estimate of economic damages from climate-related disasters is based on figures from EM-DAT: The Emergency Events Database: www.emdat.be. Oxfam's estimate of displacement from extreme weather events and from conflict if based on figure from IDMC : Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre: http://www.internal-displacement.org/
In 2013, CoP agreed to establish the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage which outlines the responsibility of rich developed nations to help communities overcome the loss and damage from climate disasters. Since then, zero progress has been made in ensuring financial support for loss and damage to these communities.
Oxfam is responding to the humanitarian needs in Ethiopia, DRC, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. For more details please check Oxfam.org
Country: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Every year, UNICEF and partners generate a wealth of evidence on the situation of children in Africa. Knowledge and evidence are essential to informing the development, implementation, and monitoring of relevant policies and programmes for the realization of children’s rights. To this end, UNICEF Regional Directors in Africa are pleased to present the 2019 edition of the Knowledge for Children in Africa Publications Catalogue.
The 2019 edition of the catalogue features 107 reports and studies on the situation of children, young people, and women in Africa. These publications represent the collective knowledge generated by UNICEF Country and Regional Offices during the year, and capture the work of UNICEF and partners to support the rights and well-being of children across the continent.
The publications cover a wide range of topics. Publications are listed under the following categories:
Child-Sensitive Social Protection
Education and Early Childhood Development
Financing for Development: Public Finance for Children
HIV and AIDS
Humanitarian Action, Resilience and Peacebuilding
Maternal, Newborn and Child Health
Situation Analysis and Socioeconomic Development
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Many of the publications are, or will be, available online. The entry for each study or report includes a short description, as well as information on the authors and contributors, planned publication date, and contact details for obtaining additional information.
Evidence plays a critical role in shaping successful initiatives in support of children and women.
We sincerely hope that you will find the publications listed in this catalogue to be a helpful resource for evidence-based decision making and programming.
Ted Chaiban Regional Director UNICEF Middle East and North Africa
Mohamed Malick Fall Regional Director UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa
Marie-Pierre Poirier Regional Director UNICEF West and Central Africa
Country: Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Sudan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 68 events in the region. This week’s main articles cover key new and ongoing events, including:
Measles in Lesotho
Hepatitis E in Namibia
Humanitarian crisis in Mali
Ebola virus disease in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
For each of these events, a brief description, followed by public health measures implemented and an interpretation of the situation is provided.
A table is provided at the end of the bulletin with information on all new and ongoing public health events currently being monitored in the region, as well as recent events that have largely been controlled and thus closed.
Major issues and challenges include:
The hepatitis E outbreak first identified in Namibia in December 2017 continues, despite response efforts made to date to halt ongoing transmission of the virus. The major drivers of the outbreak remain the same, limited access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor personal and food safety practices. Novel initiatives are therefore needed to address the outbreak such as finalising the review of the relevance and feasibility of a vaccination intervention. There is also a need to sustain conventional control activities, particularly in the informal settlements, and strengthen surveillance and coordination mechanisms in all the affected areas.
The humanitarian situation in Mali remains complex and volatile. The number of IDPs has continued to rise as a result of the deteriorating security context and the impact of floods experienced earlier in the year. As well as supporting the immediate needs of the population, the resilience of the health system to epidemics and public health emergencies needs to be reinforced.
Furthermore, local and international authorities and partners must continue to advocate for peace in the region in order to relieve the suffering of this vulnerable population.
Country: Angola, Brazil, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Senegal, World
The comprehensive global strategy to Eliminate Yellow Fever Epidemics (EYE) was developed by WHO, UNICEF, Gavi the vaccine alliance, and more than fifty partners to build a global coalition that will tackle the increased risk of yellow fever (YF) epidemics in a coordinated manner by 2026.
The annual EYE Strategy Partners Meeting was held on the 11–13 September in Dakar, Senegal, and hosted by UNICEF West and Central Africa Regional Office (WCARO). More than 70 participants, including partners, country representatives, vaccine manufacturers, donors, and experts came together to discuss the EYE Strategy achievements to date, and the main challenges that are anticipated going forward.
The main objectives of the meeting were:
• To review and discuss the EYE Strategy future plans and the way forward,
• To strengthen partners’, particularly country partners’, engagement,
• To discuss key issues relating to the Strategy’s implementation.
The meeting opened with a summary of the Strategy’s progress to date and situational updates from the WHO Regional Office for Africa (AFRO) and Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). This was followed by presentations on emerging research issues in YF control and updates from by the Strategy’s working groups, including the new Immunization Operational Guidance working group. The EYE Secretariat also presented its work on the development of the EYE Country Guidance Toolkit, a resource for country-level partners with targeted and relevant advice on scaled-up approaches to rolling out YF control activities from epidemic investigation to immunization. The second day comprised of presentations from individual countries, and overview of vaccine supply and demand, and presentations from vaccine manufacturers. The third and final day included expert panel discussions and the presentation of proposed work plans by the working groups. The meeting ended with a summary and outline of the Strategy’s next steps, followed by a guided tour of the Pasteur Institute in Dakar—the YF reference laboratory for the African Region.
The Strategy is currently on track to meet its objectives, and a number of achievements were highlighted. The EYE Governance Framework is operational with increasing interactions and engagement from representatives in the Programme Management Group, Leadership Group, and working groups. The new Immunization Operational Guidance Working Group was also established and the role of the Supply and Demand Working Group was expanded to improve coordination between vaccine supply and demand. Delegates also noted the significant progress that has been made towards the target of establishing three regional YF reference laboratories in the African Region. There has also been an increase in global vaccine supplies as a result of combined efforts by partners and strong engagement from vaccine manufacturers. The need to improve readiness in urban areas to protect populations was also highlighted, particularly as outbreaks in recent years have been unpredictable and the factors driving YF risk have changed. It was also noted that although the coverage gap between YF and other vaccine-preventable diseases such as measles is closing, challenges remain in terms of improving the performance of routine immunization for YF. Finally, improved information on YF risk and vaccine coverage is needed to inform campaign prioritization, identify populations most at risk and improve the visibility of vaccine needs.
Delegates provided their valuable input on how to move EYE forward in terms of governance, planning and implementation. Important technical priorities were identified, including effective prioritization of resources at a global level through assessment of YF risk, strengthening implementation of immunization (particularly routine immunization), and enhancing surveillance and laboratory capacity. All partners agreed on the key role of country commitment and ownership in unlocking the potential of the Strategy by implementing mass preventive immunization campaigns and scaling up routine immunization with the support of the EYE Programme Management Group (PMG) comprising representatives from WHO, Gavi and UNICEF. Other achievements in terms of the Strategy’s governance include the establishment of the new Immunization Operational Guidance Working Group and the expansion of the Supply and Demand Working Group’s role.
The meeting provided a forum for open discussion not only on the Strategy’s successes to date and examples of best practice, but also challenges and constraints. The EYE partners and working groups closed the meeting with agreement on their work plans going forward and reaffirmed their commitment to achieving the Strategy’s objectives. Delegates identified action points to move forward with the Strategy’s implementation in the coming years.
Country: Angola, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, Zambia
The Meheba Refugee Settlement was established in 1971 during the refugee influx from Angola and is located in Kalumbila District in North-Western Province. The settlement covers an area of 720 sq./km demarcated into eight blocks from A-H and further divided into land for the settlement of refugees and “former refugees”.
It is located 10 kms from the Kalumbila District Administration Centre, and 75 kms south-west of Solwezi, the provincial capital of the North-Western Province (NWP).
The settlement hosts a protracted Congolese (the Democratic Republic of Congo) and Somali population, new arrivals from Burundi and the DRC as well as “former” refugees from Angola and Rwanda.
The Government of Zambia (GRZ) is responsible for the protection of refugees and has adopted the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) approach, which has been extended to NW, with a priority focus on achievements in the education and livelihood sectors. The Office of the Commissioner for Refugees (COR) under the Ministry of Home Affairs, is responsible for the administration of the settlement in accordance with the Refugee Act of 2017 and collaborates closely with UNHCR, line ministries, partners and community structures within the context of a CRRF approach of refugee management.
While one-third of the settlement has been retained for the management of asylum seekers and refugees, two thirds have been designated for the settlement of former refugees from Angola and Rwanda, for whom the cessation clauses were invoked but who opted to remain in Zambia. They remain under the management of the Department of Resettlement (in the Office of Vice President). Health, education, protection, community and security services are provided by government staff who reside in the settlement. Livelihood services are provided by CARITAS Czech Republic, an implementing partner (IP), while warehousing and fuel management lies with Action Africa Help Zambia (AAHZ).
Humanitarian assistance by UNHCR is prioritized for new arrivals and persons with specific needs, including both the refugee and “former refugee” categories. Cash for food was introduced in 2016, which is under UNHCR direct implementation and transitioned to digital cash in 2018, as part of accountability measures to ensure direct and efficient transfer of funds.
Country: Angola, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, Zambia
The Mayukwayukwa refugee settlement encompasses 16,16700 hectares. It was established in 1966 and is located in Western Province of Zambia, about 75km away from Kaoma District. As of 30 September 2019, Mayukwayukwa settlement had a population of 15,190 refugees and “former refugees” from Rwanda and Angola, Burundi, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
The settlement has been divided into two parts: the Refugee Settlement area, which is divided into sectors 1-28 and the local integration area for former refugees, which is 10.512 hectares with a population of 1,977 household for “former” Angolan refugees. They remain under the management of the Department of Resettlement (in the Office of Vice President). Some 512 households have settled in the local integration area which is situated about 15 km away from the refugee settlement.
Generally, the gravel road network is poor and requires attention.
The Government of Zambia through the Office of the Commissioner for Refugees (COR) in the Ministry of Home Affairs, has manages the settlement with the support of UNHCR and other implementing partners since its establishment in 1966. In line with its mandate, UNHCR supports the Government of Zambia to ensure refuge’ protection, access to basic services and explore avenues for durable solutions. It operates in coordination with Government line Ministries (Ministry of General Education (MoGE), Department of Water Resource Development (DWRD),
Ministry of Health (MOH), and Ministry of Community Development and Social Services (MCDSS). With the roll-out of the CRRF in 2018, UNHCR’s area of responsibility has been narrowed to core protection, provision of core relief items and durable solutions. Other UN development agencies will gradually step in to deliver basic services as per their mandate, in coordination with Government line ministries. In the Local Integration area UNHCR, will, however, continue to support individual documentation of former refugees in the frame of socio-economic integration.
Country: Angola, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Somalia, Zambia
Seven refugees have so far in 2019 (as of 31 August) been assisted to voluntarily repatriate, while 111 refugees and others of concern returned home spontaneously from the settlements and urban areas.
As of 31 August, a cumulative figure of 349 refugees had been resettled to third countries from Zambia in 2019.
The resettled refugees were from the settlements of Meheba and Mayukwayukwa, as well as the urban areas.
720 new arrivals were received in Zambia during the month of August. 553 were from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) with 109 from Burundi, 41 from Somalia and 17 other nationalities.
According to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) conducted in July 2019, more than 421,000 people are in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) or 4 (Emergency) food insecure in the 23 communes from three provinces surveyed. The number is expected to rise to 562,000 from October 2019 to February 2020.
UNICEF and partners screened 107,920 children under the age of five for acute malnutrition.
Angola has been facing several circulating Vaccine-Derived Polio type-2 Virus (cVDPV) outbreaks since May 2019. Through C4D campaigns and community engagement, UNICEF has reached 650,000 people with key messages on polio vaccination and prevention in seven provinces of Angola.
The UNICEF Angola Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) appeal is underfunded by 54.5 per cent, significantly impacting the ability to achieve results for children.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
421,174 People projected to be IPC levels 3 or 4 from October 2019 to February 2020 and in need of urgent assistance in the 23 communes assessed in Cuando Cubango, Cunene and Huila
380,494 Children under 5 years old in humanitarian situations to be screened for malnutrition
54,733 People reached with access to safe water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
25,000 Children to be reached through access to formal and non-formal primary education
650,000 People reached with life-saving and behaviour changes on health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene practices
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
In most parts of southern Angola, the rains have failed for the last eight months with less than 50 millimetres of rain recorded during this period. More than 421,000 people are currently food insecure6 in the 23 communes surveyed through the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) conducted last July. This number is projected to increase to nearly 562,000 by February 2020, with 50 per cent of communes classified as experiencing crisis levels of food insecurity.Latest evidences from community and facility-based MUAC screenings points out to a global acute malnutrition proxy-prevalence of 9.8 per cent and 5.6 per cent of severe acute malnutrition. Affected populations have seen their livelihoods deteriorate significantly, and already fragile livelihoods are expected to worsen in the coming months due to poor harvests and limited food access during the lean season, with seven provinces currently considered the most affected by drought and most nutritionally vulnerable, namely Cunene, Huila, Namibe, Bie, Benguela, Cuanza Sul, and Cuando Cubango.
Across the country, there are reports of loss of livestock and family assets, increasing water scarcity, sharp rises in food prices in local markets, drops in school attendance, school closures, increasing child protection risks and health emergencies6 (including measles, polio and scabies outbreaks). Angola has been facing several circulating Vaccine-Derived Polio type-2 Virus (cVDPV) outbreaks since May 2019, the first of which was in the Lunda Norte Province (Cambulo district) bordering Kasai Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) where cVDPV2 is also circulating in Kamonia District. As of 12 October 2019, a total of 18 cases have been confirmed in seven provinces, potentially affecting 2.3 million children under five in 60 municipalities. In the education sector, the Provincial Education Directorate in Cunene estimates that 614 out of 887 primary schools in the province are affected by the drought, negatively impacting the ability of approximately 150,000 children to regularly access quality education. In addition, the 5,000 refugees7 staying in Lunda Norte following the spontaneous and voluntary repatriation will continue to require sustained support.
The statement of the 23rd Annual Southern Africa Regional Climate Outlook Forum (SARCOF) indicates for the period from October to December 2019 there will be normal to above normal rains throughout most of Angola, with the exception of the north-western half of the country, where normal to below normal rains are expected. For the period from January to March 2020, Angola is expected to receive normal to above normal rainfall, except the south-western part of the country, which is likely to receive normal to below normal rains. Based on the forecasted rainfall for the two periods, the northwestern half and south-western regions of Angola will likely be hotspots for continued humanitarian response associated with drought and insufficient rainfall.
Country: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan
Démarrage normal de la saison agricole A à l’Est de la RDC favorisé par une pluviométrie normale
Les nouveaux affrontements entre milices armés dans les hauts plateaux de Minembwe et d’Itombwe au Sud-Kivu ont exacerbé la dégradation de la situation humanitaire et occasionné des nouvelles vagues de déplacement des populations, soit environ 3 300 personnes entre le 27 et 29 septembre 2019. Ce regain de violence dans les hauts plateaux affectera aussi bien les ménages qui auront un accès limité à leurs sources de revenus que les humanitaires qui éprouveront des difficultés pour acheminer leur assistance aux vulnérables.
Les précipitations normales au démarrage de la saison agricole A sur l’ensemble de la partie Est du pays ont permis un démarrage effectif de la saison agricole A avec le semis des principaux vivriers comme le maïs, l’arachide et le haricot. Par ailleurs, les précipitations au-dessus de la normale dans le Maniema ont causé d’importants dégâts matériels et destruction des stocks alimentaires des ménages avec environ 2000 habitations détruites. Ceci présage d’une baisse des récoltes en fin de campagne.
Pendant que la Maladie à Virus Ebola (MVE) semble être maitrisée par les équipes de riposte dans les zones affectées (Beni et Lubero), avec l’implication des communautés, on note par ailleurs des projections négatives, pour le choléra dans 21 provinces sur les 26 que compte la RDC. Ce qui laisse craindre une flambée de l’épidémie dans les prochains mois. On compte depuis janvier 2019, 21 600 cas de choléras enregistrés avec une létalité globale de 2 pourcents. Cette situation nécessite une veille épidémiologique efficace.
Durant cette période de scenario qui va alterner les pics de soudure et les périodes de récoltes, et tenant compte de la faible performance des campagnes précédentes qui ont réduit la durée des stocks d’environ 2 mois, la situation de la sécurité alimentaire sur l’ensemble de la partie Est du pays sera marqué par des zones de Crise (Phase 3 de l’IPC) notamment dans les Kasaï, le Tanganyika, le Nord Kivu et l’Ituri jusqu’à janvier 2020. En fin de récolte des saisons A et B au debut de mars 2020, la situation alimentaire dans ces zones pourrait s’améliorer et passer en Stress (Phase 2 de l’IPC).
Repatriation of Congolese refugees from Angola to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)
• The second convoy of the organized voluntary repatriation departed from Lóvua settlement on 30 October at 10:30am, in the direction of Nachiri, Kasai Province, DRC.
• The convoy consisted of nine trucks. Five for passengers and four for luggage. Of the nine trucks, two luggage trucks arrived after the convoy had departed from the settlement, but they joined the convoy later.
• 300 refugees were part of this convoy including 181 children.
• The refugees were transported by UNHCR with the assistance of all partners from Lóvua settlement. The convoy went via the Nachiri border to Kandjadji, where refugees spent one night before going to Mungamba, the transit center in DRC.
• UNHCR partners provided the following assistance to refugees.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) tagged the luggage of the refugees and accompanied the convoy to Mungamba, the transit center in DRC.
Medicos del Mundo (MDM) provided medical and MHPSS assistance. Their ambulance also accompanied the convoy to the border.
Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) provided dinner the night before the repatriation, breakfast on the day of repatriation as well as snacks and water for the journey;
Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) provided WASH and shelter assistance;
• Government of Angola (GoA) officials were present at Lóvua settlement and, together with UNHCR registration and IOM, checked the Voluntary Repatriation Forms (VRF) as well as final boarding of all passengers on the trucks.
• Despite the worsening of road conditions to the border and heavy rain during the journey, the convoy crossed the border into DRC at 17:17 and the refugees spent the night in Kandjadji.
• As for a timeframe for the organized voluntary repatriation, UNHCR intends to conclude it by the end of November.
• So far, 844 people have been repatriated to DRC.
The Senior Program Officer II oversees technical, programmatic, and administrative aspects of one or more large-scale programs and leads the development and implementation of programs independently.
The Senior Program Officer II will mentor staff and oversee teams. The Senior Program Officer II will lead technical work and center-wide initiatives independently. The Senior Program Officer II will lead proposal development and lead strategic partnership development and donor cultivation. The Senior Program Officer II will lead and oversee high-level strategy design and implementation and proposal development.
As the Democratic Republic of Congo Project Director, The Senior Program Officer II will have overall responsibility for coordination of Breakthrough ACTION activities and staff. The Senior Program Officer II will provide strategic direction and engage stakeholders to advance social and behavior change practice and capacity. The Senior Program Officer II will represent Breakthrough ACTION to USAID, the Government of Democratic Republic of Congo (GDRC), USAID implementing partners, and relevant stakeholders.
Performance is measured in each of the areas below (program management, people management, technical work, and professional and organizational growth) with five criteria:
+ Quantity of Work
+ Quality of Work
+ Initiative, Problem Solving & Innovation
+ Interaction with Others
Performance of staff who supervise other staff will also be measured in:
+ Staff Development
+ Utilization and Allocation of Resources
+ Organizational EffectivenessEssential Duties and Responsibilities include the following. Other duties may be assigned. **Program Management**
+ Lead, oversee or act as technical expert for large-scale projects and or country programs independently. May include:
+ Envision, design and initiate new program activities according to a larger program goal
+ Produce and edit documents, work plans, reports, and presentations
+ Lead budget development and resource allocation
+ Oversee staffing, roles, and level of effort to meet program goals
+ Facilitate effective communication and collaboration between program, finance, and administrative staff to ensure team functioning to meet program goals
+ Facilitate and model frequent, open, ongoing communication with program team members in all locations (offsite, in headquarters, and internationally)
+ Lead engagement with internal and external partners
+ Ensure adherence to JHU, CCP and donor rules, regulations and policies
+ Lead process of using data to inform strategies, work plans, and program direction
+ Put in place tools, processes, structures to ensure excellence in programs, products, and deliverables to meet program goals. **People Management**
+ Design and manage effective team structure to meet program goals
+ Supervise, coach, and mentor staff independently
+ Orient and train new staff members
+ Conduct regular (at least quarterly) check ins and annual performance reviews with all supervisees
+ Identify and recommend appropriate professional development opportunities for supervisees
+ Ensure effective coaching, mentoring, and supervision of all staff on your team
+ Provide coaching and mentoring to promote continued growth and improvement among supervisees and other staff
+ Oversee and ensure the quality of work produced by staff or team. Develop processes, tools, and routines that ensure the quality of work
+ Operate with compliance to all JHU supervisory policy **Technical Work**
+ Oversee high-level strategy design and implementation independently.
+ Lead and build staff capacity in technical work, including strategies, toolkits, communication materials, scripts, job aides, needs assessments, etc.
+ Generate and envision new activities, ideas, frameworks, and strategies that further high-level goals
+ Use, develop, and model tools, processes, best-practices and colleague review to ensure all products and documents are of the highest quality possible
+ Provide information to others about the quality of work. This includes raising concerns about errors, omissions, and poor quality products to the staff member responsible for that work, and requesting revision of work that is not high quality.
+ In collaboration with research and evaluation division, strategically plan for research, monitoring, and evaluation activities
+ Lead in-country technical work, including trainings, workshops, and program support, independently
+ Demonstrate technical expertise in relevant technical areas (i.e. Social Behavior Change (SBC), knowledge management, health areas, etc.) and build capacity in others
+ Demonstrate high level technical communication, including writing reports, creating and giving presentations, and facilitating trainings or group discussions
+ Ensure excellence in programs, products, and deliverables to meet program goals **Professional and Organizational Growth** Initiate and lead center-wide initiatives, independently
+ May include brown bags, communities of practice, etc.
+ Lead proposal development (technical, budget, coordination) independently
+ Lead strategic partnership development independently
+ Lead donor cultivation independently
+ Contribute to global technical knowledge
+ Represent JHU and CCP at relevant external meetings and events
+ May include delivering technical presentations, networking, relationship building, and initiate and follow through with opportunities for collaboration
+ Professionally engage and collaborate with other programs across the Center
+ Recognize and address factors that might strategically impact a program or the Center, and lead implementation of solutions
+ Proactively seek opportunities to expand leadership and management skills
+ Complete at least two JHU training courses related to job duties per year. For supervisors, this should include completing CCP HR’s recommended core courses in the JHU Supervisory Training Program within two years of taking on official supervisory duties
+ Request or initiate quarterly check-in meetings with supervisor to assess performance, strengths and areas for improvement in your current position, and establish professional goals
+ Identify opportunities for bringing new skills into the Center, including attending JHU courses and seminars, conferences, other external trainings etc. **Specific Duties & Responsibilities:** The Breakthrough ACTION Democratic Republic of Congo Project Director will have overall responsibility for coordination of social and behavior change (SBC) activities and staff. The Senior Program Officer II will possess deep applied experience in SBC; demonstrated abilities in leadership; strategic thinking; development of effective teams; and change management. The Senior Program Officer II will possess experience and demonstrated success in strengthening SBC capacity within the public sector and local and international NGO partners. The Senior Program Officer II will provide strategic direction for the project, proactively engaging a broad range of donors and implementers in advancing the practice of SBC in DRC. The Senior Program Officer II will have principal responsibility for representation of the project to USAID and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (GDRC) and will cultivate open and collaborative management relationships with the management team at USAID/DRC, as well as with other Mission-funded Activities.
+ Senior-level management ability
+ Ability to lead large and complex activities primarily focused on SBC
+ Experience designing and managing integrated or multi-health area SBC activities, strongly preferred
+ Shows demonstrated and exceptional leadership abilities
+ Has proven ability to effectively engage partners and manage multi-partner consortia
+ Has experience interacting with U.S. government agencies including Missions. **Minimum Qualifications** Master’s degree (M.A., MHS, MPH) required. Six (6) years related experience required. Additional relevant experience and/or training may substitute for some education. **Preferred Qualifications**
+ Advanced degree in public health or communication, preferred or commensurate experience
+ At least fifteen (15) years’ experience in international health programming strongly preferred. **Special Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities** Potential for extensive travel throughout the country and limited travel internationally.
+ Several senior technical and administrative staff.
+ Final amount to be determined. Estimated range of $20 - $25 million.
Classified Title: Sr. Program Officer II
Working Title: Project Director/Dem Republic of Congo
Starting Salary Range: $82,325 - $113,185/ Commensurate with Experience
Employee group: Full Time
Schedule: Monday - Friday, 37.5 hours per week
Exempt Status: Exempt
Location: 98-MD:Non US
Department name: 10001159-Ctr for Communication Programs CCP
Personnel area: School of Public Health
The successful candidate(s) for this position will be subject to a pre-employment background check.
If you are interested in applying for employment with The Johns Hopkins University and require special assistance or accommodation during any part of the pre-employment process, please contact the HR Business Services Office at email@example.com . For TTY users, call via Maryland Relay or dial 711.
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During the Influenza ("the flu") season, as a condition of employment, The Johns Hopkins Institutions require all employees who provide ongoing services to patients or work in patient care or clinical care areas to have an annual influenza vaccination or possess an approved medical or religious exception. Failure to meet this requirement may result in termination of employment.
The pre-employment physical for positions in clinical areas, laboratories, working with research subjects, or involving community contact requires documentation of immune status against Rubella (German measles), Rubeola (Measles), Mumps, Varicella (chickenpox), Hepatitis B and documentation of having received the Tdap (Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis) vaccination. This may include documentation of having two (2) MMR vaccines; two (2) Varicella vaccines; or antibody status to these diseases from laboratory testing. Blood tests for immunities to these diseases are ordinarily included in the pre-employment physical exam except for those employees who provide results of blood tests or immunization documentation from their own health care providers. Any vaccinations required for these diseases will be given at no cost in our Occupational Health office.
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INTERNATIONAL, 5 November 2019, Peace and Security - At the core of peacekeeping lies the notion of shared responsibility, the UN peacekeeping chief said on Tuesday, presenting this year’s award for Female Police Officer of the Year, to a woman who “has made a career of speaking up and speaking out on behalf of all vulnerable populations”.
Police Major Seynabou Diouf has worked “tirelessly with her colleagues inside and outside the Mission to empower women, improve conduct, enhance protection, strengthen performance, and thereby build sustainable peace”, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, Peace Operations chief, told the heads of UN police and police experts from 14 peacekeeping operations, gathered at the award ceremony at UN Headquarters in New York.
Major Diouf is one of over 1,400 female police officers serving under the UN flag, carrying out a complex range of tasks – from capacity-building and reform, to community-oriented policing, investigations, protection of civilians, and prevention of sexual and gender-based violence.
“That is impressive enough”, asserted Mr. Lacroix, “but they also provide the added value of gender perspectives and mainstreaming at all levels and at all phases of engagement with host-State institutions and communities”.
He cited examples in South Sudan where female officers are helping women and youth attain better living conditions within and outside camps for the internally displaced; the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) where they are helping to build capacity and accountability in internal security forces; and Mali by promoting confidence-building between citizens and the reconstituted internal defence and security forces.
“Our female officers are also operating in areas affected by the Ebola virus disease, ensuring the required level of security for relief and humanitarian operations”, he maintained.
And female officers are a key element in the sensitization and delivery of training on sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) throughout all UN Missions.
“As part of female police officers’ networks, such as the one Major Diouf leads in MONUSCO [UN Stabilization Mission in the DRC], they help prevent, counter and investigate SEA-related offences, advancing the Organization’s zero-tolerance policy”, elaborated the peacekeeping chief. He congratulated Major Diouf “for her outstanding service” to the UN Nations and Congolese people and stated that “all UN police officers in the field and at the UN Headquarters are inspired” by her example to uphold the core values of the Organization.
Mr. Lacroix also thanked her family for supporting her and making sacrifices during her long deployments. “The more women we have in peacekeeping, the more effective we all will be”, he concluded.
Going the extra mile
Top UN Police Adviser, Luis Carrilho, spoke about Major Diouf’s experience, noting that in her native Senegal she became the first female police officer to be honoured as a Gardien de la Paix, which was previously reserved for male officers.
“Since early in her career, she has shown her determination to make the extra effort, go the extra mile, to achieve her goals”, he spelled out, flagging that as the team leader of an SEA task force in Goma and president of the UNPOL Women’s Network, “she has demonstrated her commitment to giving women a voice and putting an end to SEA”.
“Her efforts have helped the mission to achieve zero SEA cases in 2018, compared to 140 cases between 2016 and 2017”, he attested, calling her “an incredible force for good in our ongoing efforts to root out SEA and ensure UN personnel at all levels perform to the highest standards”.
Motivated to do more
When Major Diouf learned that she had been selected to receive the award, she said she was proud, but also “humble to be recognized for something that has become almost second nature” to her and her life’s work.
“When I was young, I wanted to be a medical doctor but there was an urgent need to help support my family”, she told those assembled. “Being a police officer in the early years of female recruitment provided recognition and a decent salary, but it also allowed me to contribute to society in ways I had never thought possible”.
With this new accolade, Major Diouf says she now feels “motivated to do more” and will continue “to promote women's rights, speak out against sexual and gender-based violence, and fight marginalization and discriminatory customary and religious practices targeted at women and girls”.
UN Photo/Douglas Coffman
Police Commissioner Luis Carrilho looks on as UN Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, shakes the hand of Major Seynabou Diouf, UN Female Police Officer of the Year. (5 November 2019)
INTERNATIONAL, 4 November 2019, Health - Security measures for staff helping to fight health emergencies need to be stepped up urgently, a UN health agency top official said on Monday, after a frontline Ebola epidemic community worker was reportedly stabbed to death at his home in northeast Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
Speaking at a public event in Geneva, Dr Mike Ryan from the World Health Organization (WHO), said that in his 25-year humanitarian career, violence carried out deliberately against health workers and hospitals had never been so bad.
The “overwhelming impact” had been on local health workers, not international staff, Dr Ryan told a Geneva Peace Week event, in his capacity as Director of WHO’s Health Emergencies Programme.
Despite the risks of working in insecure locations, “one doesn’t really have a choice but to go, as the epidemic will continue to spread and intensify like a fire if it’s not put out”, he said. “It does put our workers at the extreme edge of risk.”
Echoing Dr Ryan’s message of sympathy, WHO Regional Director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti tweeted her condolences to the family and friends of the worker killed in DRC.
In 2019 alone, there have been 862 reported attacks on healthcare workers and facilities from just 10 countries, resulting in 173 deaths and 557 significant injuries. “And that probably is a massive underestimation of the problem,” Dr Ryan insisted.
UN Photo/Martine Perret
Destroy a hospital and you destroy hope
Among the most shocking aspects of this growing trend for humanitarians was the effect it had on civilians, he added.
“One of the last hopes a community has in conflict is the ability to seek care for your children or the injured. The destruction of a health care facility is more than the destruction of a building; it tears the heart out of a community and it takes the hope away from the community, and as such its impact is much, much greater.”
In a joint UN-DRC Ministry of Health statement, both noted that the victim – who has not been officially named - also worked as a reporter at a community radio station in Lwemba, and that his partner was critically injured, suffering multiple wounds.
Two suspects have been arrested and the investigators are looking to see whether the murder is linked to the ongoing Ebola response, they added.
In Geneva, Dr Ryan also expressed his sympathies for the families of three UN Migration Agency (IOM) workers killed eight days ago near an Ebola screening point on South Sudan’s border with DRC last Wednesday.
No new information about South Sudan abductees
According to IOM, its staff were caught in crossfire during clashes between armed groups in Morobo County, in South Sudan’s Central Equatoria region.
A volunteer worker and a child were also abducted during the incident, prompting an appeal for their immediate and unconditional release by the agency, which on Monday said that it had no new information about the case.
Since 1 January, WHO has documented more than 300 attacks on health care facilities in DRC that have resulted in six deaths and 70 injuries of workers and patients.
The current Ebola outbreak, began in DRC last August, and is the most lethal in the nation’s history, although recent progress has seen cases fall. The virus has claimed more than 2,180 lives; more than 1,050 people have survived.
“It’s not just the physical attacks, it’s the harassment, it is the fear of going to work,” Dr Ryan said, highlighting the “tremendous psychological stress” on workers.
'We can't sit back and wait'
Welcoming continuing financial support among Member States including the Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland and the United States for frontline staff to operate with added security measures, he stressed too that the humanitarian community could do more to protect them.
“We can’t sit back and wait for international humanitarian law to change or political will to change,” he said. “We need to professionalize how we operate in these situations, we need to improve our security briefings for staff, we need to improve awareness among our staff…the stresses on our staff are extreme.”
He added: “We call on our donors to look positively on those costs because these are the real costs of doing business in humanitarian settings right now”.
Les juges de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) rendront jeudi leur verdict dans le procès de l'ex-chef de guerre congolais Bosco Ntaganda, qui risque la prison à perpétuité après avoir été reconnu coupable en juillet de crimes de guerre et de crimes contre l'humanité.
Détenu depuis 2013 à La Haye, où siège la CPI, Ntaganda a déjà fait appel de cette condamnation, en attendant la décision des juges sur le verdict.
Surnommé "Terminator", il a notamment été reconnu coupable de massacres de civils et de viols de jeunes filles enrôlées comme enfants soldats en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) au début des années 2000.
A y est, je rentre ce soir (enfin si le temps en France le permet).
J'ai beaucoup apprécié mon séjour en RDC et je suis ravie d'être venue mais je ne suis pas mécontente de rentrer, de retrouver mes parents et mon frère. Joyeux Noël !
Article original rédigé par Mary Flowers et...
Permanent forest moratorium will save Indonesia’s 66
millions hectares of primary forests and peatlands.
The permanent ban means Indonesia, home to the third-largest
tropical forest after the Amazon and Congo, is aiming for zero
deforestation in primary forest and peatland. The Indonesian
government will also restore degraded lands.
The UN body for climate change research, the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), recently released a special report
climate change and lands. It revealed reducing deforestation
and restoring degraded lands are two of the of the most effective
options to mitigate the climate crisis.
Here are three benefits from the permanent ban.
1. Zero deforestation of primary forest and peatland
An analysis by Global Forest Watch (GFW) on the forested moratorium areas
in 2016, 2017 and 2018 suggested that the tree cover loss decreased
from 533,000 hectares in 2016, to 157,000 and 139,000 hectares in
2017 and 2018, respectively.
This shows a ban to convert forests and peatland areas is
Most importantly, the size of the moratorium areas has been
stable over the past three years, at approximately
66 million hectares. Hence, a permanent ban on these areas,
followed by robust monitoring, can bring Indonesia to zero
deforestation on natural primary forest and peatland.
People living in these villages won’t have to worry about
losing their surrounding forest to new concessions. These people
depend on forests not just as their homes, but also for their
livelihood, such as tapping rubber, looking for herbs, planting
endemic plants or fruits, cultivating rattan, among other
Supported by robust forest management, people and indigenous
communities living close to the forests can improve their
3. Approach to reduce forest fires
Forests affect climate. Climate too affects our forests. With
worsening climate change that leads to longer dry seasons, forests
are more vulnerable to fires, resulting in deforestation and
forests degradation. But, a permanent ban is likely to ensure fires
can be further reduced.
Data Global Forest Watch showed more hotspots in 60,9 million
hectares of forested moratorium areas during July and August 2019.
With various intensity, 1537 hotspots were recorded. This is a
continued trend to the same period in 2017 and 2018 when 736 and
1,004 hotspots were recorded.
Climate change indeed affects forests and a drier season in 2019
needs different approach in forest management. A permanent ban with
robust monitoring is key to avoid more fires.
First, understanding where the forests are and making priorities
over areas that need to be saved is critical.
As the forest moratorium becomes permanent,
the indicative protected forest and peatland map issued in 2017
should be improved to become a definitive one. The map, the
original of which was issued in May 2011 under President Susilo
Bambang Yudhoyono’s administration, has been revised 15
Hence, transforming the map from indicative to definitive should
be a priority as the ban becomes permanent. This step is important
in terms of forest governance in Indonesia, especially if the
government finally mapped out forest boundaries in the country.
Successfully determining the definitive map of forest boundaries
will sort out the longstanding land conflicts in the country.
Editor’s Note : A previous version of this article presented
inaccurate hotspot data. We have corrected the error.
Aliou Cissé, le sélectionneur national, a rendu publique, ce jeudi, à Dakar, une liste de 24 joueurs pour les deux premières journées des éliminatoires de la CAN « Cameroun 2021 » contre le Congo et l’Eswatini...
"Plantar árboles para luchar contra las erosiones y efectos del cambio climático ha sido el tema escogido este año en la conmemoración del Día Nacional del Árbol en la República de Congo, cuyos actos han sido presididos por el Presidente de la Asamblea Nacional, Isidore Mvouba." Fuente: www.guineaecuatorialpress.com Leer más
"La Fundación Global África Latina y el Parlacen, conjuntamente con importantes auspiciadores, entregó los reconocimientos de la Asociación de Empresarios de Latinoamérica y el Caribe por la Reducción de la Pobreza a importantes actores sociales, empresariales y diplomáticas, destacando la Universidad Peruana de Ciencias e Informática, Colegio Doctoral de México, Cámara de Comercio Centroamericana, Corporación Amigos Unesco, Corporación Empresa y Educación y los africanos Michel I. Peya, de Congo Brazzaville, escritor y académico en materias del cambio climático; Faustino Nzang Anvene Madja, diplomático de Guinea Ecuatorial, investigador y escritor y la doctora y filántropa de Marruecos, Hafida Derdeb, quienes han sido distinguidos en el marco de la ceremonia realizada este 30 de octubre en Tegucigalpa (Honduras)." Fuente: www.guineaecuatorialpress.com Leer más
a couple more thoughts, edit to add: Biyombo is from Congo not Nigeria. When did the Hornets stop being the Bobcats and why? Who is their best player? Dartmouth has Harvard today, or did: who won? Dartmouth beat Harvard 9-6 … Continue reading →
Arriva una variegata edizione di Milano Book City che porta anche un bel programma di eventi che parlano di arte, vediamone alcuni, ma tutti i dettagli li trovate a questo link.
Venerdì 8 novembre H 10:30 – Triennale Milano
Una, dieci, cento Afriche. Paolo Pellegrin – Confini di umanità
Mostra a cura di Annalisa D'Angelo. A cura di Triennale Milano, Bookcity Milano, Pistoia - Dialoghi sull’uomo, Fondazione CRPT
8 novembre – 1 dicembre 2019, Triennale Milano
Giovedì 7 novembre inaugura la mostra fotografica di Paolo Pellegrin - Confini di umanità, aperta al pubblico gratuitamente dall’8 novembre al 1 dicembre. L’esposizione, curata da Annalisa D’Angelo, realizzata per la X edizione del festival Pistoia - Dialoghi sull’uomo, approda in Triennale in occasione di BookCity Milano.
60 fotografie, in parte inedite, realizzate in Algeria, Egitto, Kurdistan, Palestina, Iraq, Usa, che sviluppano, spesso per sottrazione e opposizione, il tema dell’impervio percorso della convivenza oggi, conducendoci lungo i “confini dell’umanità”, documentando lo sforzo continuo necessario per convivere.
Completa l’esposizione un montaggio di video realizzati da Paolo Pellegrin in America sulle linee razziali che ancora dividono gli Stati Uniti, confini invisibili ma ancor più insormontabili di quelli fisici.
«Ci sono due modi di comunicare: c’è un tipo di fotografia che si rivela completamente, è un’immagine che parla, dice cose forti e chiare, è molto leggibile, ma è un’indagine finita, è la versione dei fatti del fotografo» dichiara Pellegrin «L’altra, quella che mi interessa di più, è una fotografia non finita, dove chi guarda ha la possibilità di cominciare un proprio dialogo. È un invito: io ti porto in una direzione, ma il resto del viaggio lo fai tu».
Paolo Pellegrin è nato a Roma nel 1964 e vive a Londra. Dopo aver studiato Architettura, il suo interesse si focalizza sulla fotografia e decide di iscriversi all’Istituto Italiano di Fotografia di Roma. Dopo dieci anni all'Agence Vu, entra a far parte di Magnum Photos come nominee nel 2001, diventando membro a pieno titolo nel 2005. Ha lavorato a contratto per Newsweek per dieci anni. Nella sua carriera ha ricevuto molteplici riconoscimenti internazionali: dieci World Press Photo; numerosi Photographers of the Year Awards; una Leica Medal of Excellence; un Olivier Rebbot Award; l’Hansel-Meith Preis e il Robert Capa Gold Medal Award. Nel 2006 gli viene riconosciuto il W. Eugene Smith Grant in Humanistic Photography . Le sue foto sono state esposte in numerosi musei e gallerie tra cui: La Maison Européenne de La Photographie; Rencontres d'Arles; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Triennale Milano; Padiglione di Arte Contemporanea (PAC); Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium; Corcoran Gallery of Art; MAXXI; Aperture Foundation Gallery; Foam Fotografiemuseum Amsterdam; Flo Peters Gallery.
Date: 8 novembre - 1 dicembre 2019
Orari di apertura: martedì - domenica dalle 10.30 alle 20.30
Giovedì 14 novembre H 8:45 – Università degli Studi di Milano – Aula A6
Dall’Africa all’avanguardia: negritudine dada
Con Paola Bozzi
A differenza dei cubisti e degli espressionisti, che si sono orientati dal punto di vista formale verso la cosiddetta arte ‘primitiva’ non occidentale, i dadaisti puntavano alla vitalità discorsiva delle espressioni non europee e soprattutto africane. Hanno così portato nella percezione sensoriale contemporanea forma, materiale, suono e movimento come espressioni culturali equivalenti, preparando il terreno per una nuova vasta idea dell’arte, della letteratura e della cultura.
Giovedì 14 novembre H 18:00 – Bottega d'Arte Cecé Casile
Il Mediterraneo è un immenso archivio ed un profondo sepolcro
Con Antonio Biasiucci, Lina Marigliano e Alberto D'Angelo. Letture di Teresa Acerbis
L’evento ruota intorno alla presentazione di MOLTI, progetto in forma di libro ideato e realizzato da Ilfilodipartenope con Antonio Biasiucci, Valerio Magrelli e Mimmo Paladino. Progetto-libro che nasce dal lavoro fotografico di Biasiucci con i migranti dell’isola di Chios e si arricchisce dei contributi di Magrelli e Paladino. La presentazione del libro a cui interverranno Antonio Biasiucci e Lina Marigliano e Alberto D’Angelo, curatori del progetto, sarà preceduta dalla proiezione del video MOLTI realizzato da Biasiucci con musiche di Pasquale Scialò e voce di Cristina Pucci. Letture di Teresa Acerbis
Giovedì 14 novembre H 19:00 – Padiglione d'Arte ContemporaneaFabio Mauri. Scritti in mostraCon Francesca Alfano Miglietti, Andrea Viliani e Lea Vergine Presentazione del libro che raccoglie gli scritti di Fabio Mauri, tra ipiù influenti artisti dell'avanguardia italiana, a cura di Francesca Alfano Miglietti, critico che ha collaborato con Mauri sin dal 1985. L’antologia racconta un secolo di storia attraverso riflessioni sull'arte e vicende personali e si arricchisce ora, nella nuova edizione, di testi inediti, una nuova introduzione e la corrispondenza tra Mauri e Alfano Miglietti, da cui il libro stesso nasce. Info: pacmilano.it – 0288446359
Venerdì 15 novembre H 17:00 – Palazzo Reale – Sala Conferenze
Chi verrà dopo di noi? Le immagini di Frans Lanting
Con Telmo Pievani
Chi verrà dopo di noi? Telmo Pievani, filosofo della scienza ed evoluzionista, risponde a questo interrogativo in La Terra dopo di noi indagando, sotto la guida delle fotografie di Frans Lanting, l’evoluzione del nostro pianeta e immaginandolo tra qualche anno privo della ingombrante e distruttiva presenza dell’uomo, primo essere vivente auto-minacciato e consapevole di esserlo.
Venerdì 15 novembre H 18:00 – Bolzano29
Babambombo wow! Uno sguardo sul Congo
Con Paola Meloni, Longo Issyia e Kabolo Paudi Paul Ngoi. A cura di Bolzano29
Babambombo wow! un'esclamazione di bellezza e stupore usata dai bambini del Congo. Partendo dalla mostra fotografica di Paola Meloni, che ha immortalato attimi di quotidianità prima dello scoppio della guerra civile, l'incontro vuole essere un momento di scoperta del paese più grande dell'Africa Centrale. Un viaggio tra passato e presente con gli scrittori Longo Issyia e Kabolo Paudi Paul Ngoi per avvicinarci alle tradizioni del Congo. Babambombo wow! è una mostra fotografica dedicata agli abitanti della regione del Kasai in Congo, entrato nel 2016 in una guerra civile devastante che sta creando un numero di morti, feriti e migranti inimmaginabile. Gli scatti sono stati realizzati a Tshimbulu, nella regione del Kasai centrale, prima di diventare focolaio della guerra civile, e immortalano una quotidianità ormai dimenticata.
→ La mostra è visitabile per tutta la durata di BookCity Milano, dal 15 al 17 novembre 2019.
Venerdì 15 novembre H 18:00 – Museo Poldi Pezzoli
Un omaggio a Giovanni Morelli
Con Jaynie Anderson, Annalisa Zanni e Giorgio Bonsanti
Durante l'evento presso la sede del Museo in Via Manzoni 12, alle ore 18:00, verrà presentato il volume La vita di Giovanni Morelli nell'Italia risorgimentalealla presenza dell'autrice, della dottoressa Zanni, direttrice del museo e del professor Giorgio Bonsanti.
Venerdì 15 novembre H 18:30 Triennale Milano
La Poesia è di tutti. Linguaggi, azioni e visioni poetiche nelle pagine de «la Lettura»
Una mostra a cura di Fondazione Corriere della Sera e la Lettura
La mostra, curata da Gianluigi Colin e Antonio Troiano e progettata da Franco Achilli, ruota intorno ad uno dei linguaggi che più contraddistingue il lavoro dell'inserto, la Poesia. Questa sarà “esposta” in una dimensione originale, caratterizzata dalla contaminazione di forme e contenuti: artisti come Fabre, Fioroni, Jodice, Kiefer, Kosuth, Paladino, Pistoletto, Spalletti e Tatafiore dialogheranno con poeti passati e contemporanei attraverso opere realizzate per l’occasione; Sandro Veronesi, scrittore e architetto, presenterà una monumentale istallazione intitolata “La serra dei poeti”; i ragazzi de Il Bullone, metteranno in scena la loro immaginazione e creatività; verranno celebrati i 30 anni dalla morte di Antonio Porta, poeta, critico letterario del Corriere ma soprattutto ideatore di quella significativa esperienza che fu Milano Poesia; protagoniste infine del percorso espositivo saranno copertine, illustrazioni, fotografie, visual data, graphic novel, frutto del lavoro de la Lettura in tutti questi anni.
Dal 16 novembre al 15 dicembre, Martedì-domenica dalle ore 10.30 alle ore 20.30. Inaugurazione 15 novembre ore 18.30
Venerdì 15 novembre H 18:30 – Galleria l'Affiche
Vaghe circostanze. Una mostra sui libri
Con Guido Scarabottolo, Luca Carrà, Ivan Canu, Alfred Drago Rens, Adriano Attus, Chiara Passigli, Alberto Casiraghy, Maurizio Minoggio e Gli ospiti inattesi
Contemporaneamente alla presentazione del libro di Guido Scarabottolo e Irene Toole (grafica di Maurizio Minoggio), mostra di ritratti di poeti e scrittori: disegni ed opere digitali Fine Art di Guido Scarabottolo, fotografie di Luca Carrà, ritratti digitali di Ivan Canu. E poi divagazioni sul "libro" di Alfred Drago Rens ("Labirinti"), Adriano Attus (libri e numeri), Chiara Passigli (segni equivoci)... e qualche ospite inatteso. Alberto Casiraghy con le sue nuove e inaspettate edizioni. La mostra rimane aperta fino ai primi di dicembre.
Venerdì 15 novembre H 19:00 – Triennale Milano - Agorà
Perdersi e trovarsi nello studio di Munari
Con Alessandro Baronciani
Un coinvolgente reading interattivo del fortunatissimo romanzo grafico di Alessandro Baronciani.
Sabato 16 novembre H 12:30 - Triennale Milano – Saletta Lab
L’architettura secondo Vittorio Gregotti
Con Vittorio Gregotti e Matteo Gambaro
«Capacità di modificazione creativa e critica dello stato delle cose» sono alla base della lezione e dei ricordi di un grande maestro dell’architettura internazionale. Vittorio Gregotti, superati i novant’anni, parte dal racconto della sua formazione intellettuale per descrivere i tratti del suo modo di intendere l’architettura e la professione di architetto, ma anche la cultura e la società, nell’idea che «sono l’idea di passato e di futuro a costruire insieme un frammento di verità del presente».
Sabato 16 novembre H 16:00 – Palazzo Reale– Sala Conferenze
La mia Europa del cuore, elogio del turismo lento
Con Philippe Daverio
Philippe Daverio e il Vecchio Continente: un’esortazione alla curiosità e all’amore per la conoscenza, con lo sguardo rivolto a modelli di bellezza che valicano i confini nazionali.
Sabato 16 novembre H 16:00 – Pinacoteca di Brera – Sala della Passione
Costruire un Museo Nazionale in 150 opere
Con Marino Sinibaldi, Roberto Cassanelli, Elisabetta Daffra, Mauro Natale ed Emilio Isgrò
La curatrice racconta la genesi del programma radiofonico di Rai Radio3 e la sua trasformazione editoriale in collaborazione con la Direzione Museo del Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività culturali. Con alcuni degli autori che hanno partecipato all’allestimento del museo virtuale illustrerà alcuni dei capolavori presenti all’interno del volume, dall’antichità al Novecento e della valorizzazione del patrimonio museale diffuso.
Sabato 16 novembre H 17:00 - Triennale Milano - Agorà
La città tra architettura e convivenza
Con Giovanni Maria Flick e Annachiara Valle
Il Presidente emerito della corte costituzionale si sofferma sul tema “città”, in un’originale riflessione che passa, intrecciandole, dalla prospettiva dell’architettura a quella sociale, dall’analisi delle norme costituzionali che si soffermano sulla convivenza e il bene comune, a suggestioni bibliche.
Sabato 16 novembre H 18:00 - SIAM – Società d'Incoraggiamento d'Arti e Mestieri – miFAC Gallery
Milano ritratti di fabbriche revisited: la periferia rivelata
Con Giovanna Calvenzi, Roberta Valtorta, Stefania Aleni e Giuseppe Corbetta
Milano ritratti di fabbriche 35 anni dopo è un progetto di Giuseppe Corbetta, Stefano De Crescenzo e Andrea Corbetta che documenta lo stato attuale di oltre 200 fabbriche della periferia di Milano fotografate da Gabriele Basilico alla fine degli anni '70. Lo scopo del lavoro è descrivere le trasformazioni della periferia milanese negli ultimi decenni, unendo all’indagine fotografica quella storico-urbanistica. Milano ritratti di fabbriche revisited: la periferia rivelata, incontro con l’autore del libro Milano sud ritratti di fabbriche 35 anni dopo presso lo spazio MiFAC, con la partecipazione di Giovanna Calvenzi e Roberta Valtorta, farà il punto sul significato storico, sociale e urbanistico di indagare fotograficamente la città a partire da una “soglia” temporale, rappresentata dal lavoro di Gabriele Basilico su Milano negli anni 1978-80. Dal 5 al 17 novembre, nella stessa sede, saranno esposte fotografie inedite dell’area nord-ovest di Milano.
Giovanna Calvenzi, photo editor, presidente del Museo Fotografia Contemporanea, Roberta Valtorta, storico e critico di fotografia, membro del direttivo della SISF (Società Italiana per lo Studio della fotografia)
Stefania Aleni, editore di Associazione culturale QUATTRO
Giuseppe Corbetta, fotografo e autore del libro
Sabato 16 novembre H 19:00 – Castello Sforzesco – Sala Viscontea
Leonardo e l'imperfezione
Con Vittorio Sgarbi
Nel cinquecentesimo della morte di Leonardo, Vittorio Sgarbi compone un ritratto inedito, raccontandone le imprese e le opere, il contesto artistico in cui è cresciuto e la straordinaria risonanza che ha avuto lungo i secoli, fino a Duchamp, fino a Dalì, fino a noi.
Domenica 17 novembre H 14:30 - Triennale Milano – Saletta Lab
Il progetto come eredità. L'attualità di Giancarlo De Carlo a 100 anni dalla nascita
Con Anna De Carlo, Gianni Biondillo, Monica Mazzolani, Antonio Troisi e Attilio Di Cunto.
A cura di Monica Mazzolani e Antonio Troisi
Presentazione del volume dedicato alla figura poliedrica e controversa di Giancarlo De Carlo, architetto e urbanista, a 100 anni dalla nascita. L'opera raccoglie i contributi di studiosi internazionali che hanno avuto l'opportunità di confrontarsi con l'uomo e con la sua opera, nonché la testimonianza diretta della figlia Anna e un testo teatrale dello scrittore e architetto Gianni Biondillo dedicato alla mancata inauguraione della Triennale di Milano diretta da Giancarlo De Carlo nel maggio del '68.
Domenica 17 novembre H 15:00 – Museo del Novecento – Sala Conferenze
Incroci. Ritratti di parole
Con Tullio Pericoli e Simonetta Fiori
I racconti di un grande ritrattista. Tullio Pericoli scrittore, e il rapporto tra il segno e la parola.
Domenica 17 novembre H 18:00 – Spazio Zona K
Francesca Alinovi: l'arte oltre la frontiera
Con Matteo Bergamini e Veronica Santi
Documentario "I'm not alone anyway" di Veronica Santi (80')
L'incontro è dedicato alla presentazione al pubblico del volume “Francesca Alinovi”, edito da Postmedia Books e curato da Veronica Santi e Matteo Bergamini. Il libro è una raccolta di articoli, interviste, saggi, e recensioni di Francesca Alinovi, intellettuale militante e figura di riferimento nel panorama artistico italiano e internazionale del post-punk. Apparsi su giornali, riviste e cataloghi dal 1976 al 1983, alcuni testi sono qui ripubblicati per la prima volta, altri sono inediti, mentre altri ancora sono stati selezionati da “L'arte mia”, uscito nel 1984 e rimasto, fino ad oggi, l'unico omaggio al lavoro critico di Alinovi. Grazie ad una scrittura scientifica e spregiudicata, che travalica i confini di genere, il volume è un viaggio all’interno delle correnti d’avanguardia e degli artisti che l’autrice amava e recensiva: dalla scena bolognese del ’77 alla New Wave newyorkese, dai fumettisti di Frigidaire alla musica dei Talking Heads, fino agli affascinanti reportage di Alinovi sui graffitisti dell’East Village e South Bronx, accompagnati dalle interviste ai protagonisti. Per anni scomparsa sotto la coltre della cronaca nera, oggi più che mai desideriamo rileggere quest’autrice assente nei libri di storia dell’arte e consegnare il suo pensiero di profonda attualità alle nuove generazioni.
Domenica 17 novembre 2019, dalle ore 18 alle 21 circa:
dalle 18: presentazione del volume con i curatori, Veronica Santi e Matteo Bergamini
dalle 19: proiezione documentario “I'm not alone anyway” di Veronica Santi, 2017, Manufactory Productions
Une réunion technique et ministérielle relative au projet d’interconnexion des réseaux électriques et d'électrification transfrontalière entre la République de Guinée Equatoriale et la République Gabonaise se tiendra du 29 au 31 octobre 2019 à Brazzaville, République du Congo, siège du PEAC.
The University of Manchester’s Centre for New Writing (CNW) is celebrating the success of the 2019 Manchester Literature Festival, which has drawn to a close after over two weeks of exciting events marking the city’s contribution to literature.
The CNW is a proud co-host and co-curator of the Festival, overseeing activities such as the official launch at the Radisson Blu Edwardian Hotel, where Professor of New Writing Jeanette Winterson addressed attendees, who were treated to a live poetry reading by Hafsah Aneela Bashir.
Poetry is central to the CNW’s mission, with several poetry events peppering the Festival programme. On October 7, there was an intimate reading at Blackwell’s bookshop with two poets whose 2019 debut collections were both shortlisted for this year’s Forward Prize for Best First Collection, Isabel Galleymore and Stephen Sexton. On 21 October, three internationally-acclaimed poets read from their latest works at the Martin Harris Centre. Ilya Kaminsky and Karen Solie read from Deaf Republic and The Caiplie Caves respectively, while Vona Groarke launched her new collection, Double Negative.
This year’s outing of the Festival also welcomed some of the world’s foremost novelists to Manchester. At the Martin Harris Centre on 4 October author David Nicholls (One Day, Us, Starter for Ten) discussed his new novel Sweet Sorrow. The following day, Jeanette Winterson performed an entertaining one-woman show at the Royal Northern College of Music, based on her latest novel Frankissstein - a 21st-century response to Mary Shelley’s classic text - which was longlisted for the Booker Prize.
On 10 October Elif Shafak explored the themes of his Booker Prize-shortlisted 10 Minutes 38 Seconds in this Strange World, while the Martin Harris Centre hosted a panel event of shortlisted authors: Lucy Ellman (Ducks, Newbury Port), Chigozie Obioma (An Orchestra of Minorities), and the eventual joint winner for Girl, Woman, Other, Bernardine Evaristo.
The CNW partnered on three events exploring real-world issues. At the Martin Harris Centre on 5 October, Lisa Blower, Stuart Maconie, Adam Sharp and Alex Wheatle explored experiences of being working class in the literary industry and the hugely successful Common People anthology. Jonathan Safran Foer provided a fascinating insight into how simple changes such as what we eat for breakfast can have a profound impact on efforts to save the planet at the Martin Harris Centre on 8 October, based on his latest work We Are the Weather. Furthermore, David Nott, the world’s most experienced trauma surgeon, appeared at the Royal Northern College of Music on 9 October to reflect on his career, from learning to perform an emergency caesarean section in Kabul to amputating an arm in the Democratic Republic of Congo, following instructions sent via text.
Finally, the CNW presented a rare public event at the Martin Harris Centre with Hanif Kureishi. Hanif joined journalist Anita Sethi to discuss his award-winning fiction, iconic screenplays such as My Beautiful Laundrette, and his forthcoming book What Happened?, a collection of essays and fiction providing witty observations of popular and classical culture.
Fortunately, for those affected by the post-festival blues, there will be a final event featuring Val McDermid and Denise Mina on Saturday 30 November. These two queens of crime fiction will discuss their brilliant new novels, How the Dead Speak and In Conviction. Tickets can be bought via QuayTickets online or via telephone.
“Manchester Literature Festival showcases Manchester’s rich literary heritage and reflects the city’s reputation as a place where people can come together to share ideas. We are proud to be the festival’s official higher education partner and are already looking forward to what MLF 2020 will bring,” said John McAuliffe, Director, Centre for New Writing.
Image one: Common People Anthology with Lisa Blower, Stuart Maconie, Adam Sharp and Alex Wheatle. Credit: Manchester Literature Festival/Jon Parker Lee
Image two: David Nicholls and Alex Clark. Credit: ManchesterLiterature Festival/Jon Parker Lee
UN Police patrol team raise young people’s awareness about MONUSCO's mandate. Photo: MONNUSCO/UNPOL
As part of the protection of civilians, a joint patrol team consisting of MONUSCO Policewoman Officer, Moussa Adizatou and ten (10) members of the Formed Police Unit from Egypt, conducted an awareness-raising and information session on the Mission’s mandate and the role of uniformed personnel. Held on in Kingabwa, along the main road ‘’poids lourds’’, Kinshasa commune, the awareness campaign was intended for a group of young men.
The purpose of this activity was not only to inform the population about MONUSCO’s mandate, as set out in the UN Security Council Resolution 2463 of March 29th, 2019, but also to bring the Mission closer to the population, in particular the young people.
The team dwelt much on the importance of the activities carried out by MONUSCO personnel (men and women) on the ground in keeping with the strict context of peacekeeping, namely: consolidating and maintaining peace by promoting progress towards national consensus and sustainable development of the DRC, capacity-building for the Congolese National Police for a proper implementation of the law and protection of the human rights, collaborating with international, national and local partners for the protection of civilians and their properties.
She briefly explained to the audience the priorities set out in the UNSC Resolution 2463 on the protection of civilians. The team also gave detailed explanations of UNPOL's activities. A series of questions and answers helped the audience to become more immersed in the day-to-day activities conducted by the latter on the ground.
The role in protecting civilians and securing agglomerations is a paramount concern for the Mission. This is why regular security patrols are conducted to reassure the population, to help them overcome the feeling of insecurity.
At the end of the session, the youth audience thanked the patrol team for their efforts to protect civilians. "We now know your mandate and its limits; however, we kindly request you to increase your activities, to better meet our security needs. Moreover, we do appreciate the patrols you have been conducting across the city of Kinshasa and elsewhere, we feel reassured, " said one of the young people, speaking under condition of anonymity.
A recap of stories this Monday: UN reaction to US Paris Agreement withdrawal; UNICEF urges repatriation of children stranded in Syria; Public health emergency in India’s New Delhi; Ebola health worker death in DR Congo shows deadly risks; Guinea Bissau crisis, Security Council update; UNEP campaign targets ocean microplastics.
Security measures for staff helping to fight health emergencies need to be stepped up urgently, a UN health agency top official said on Monday, after a frontline Ebola epidemic community worker was reportedly stabbed to death at his home in northeast Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) — The International Criminal Court has sentenced a Congolese warlord known as “The Terminator” to 30 years imprisonment after he was convicted of crimes including murder, rape and sexual slavery. Bosco Ntaganda was sentenced Thursday after being found guilty in July of 18 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity […]
La Haya, 7 nov (EFE).- La Corte Penal Internacional (CPI) impuso este jueves una pena de 30 años de cárcel para el exjefe adjunto del Estado Mayor de las Fuerzas Patrióticas para la Liberación del Congo (FPLC) Bosco Ntaganda, considerado culpable de trece crímenes de guerra y cinco de lesa humanidad.
Se trata de la condena más alta emitida por este tribunal internacional desde su puesta en funcionamiento, en 2002, y supera la impuesta al jefe de las FPLC, Thomas Lubanga, sentenciado a 14 años de cárcel.
El juez presidente de la sala, Robert Fremr, hizo énfasis en la gravedad de los crímenes y en las consecuencias físicas y psicológicas sufridas por las víctimas de Ntaganda para justificar la condena.
'Sufrieron estigmatización y rechazo social', dijo el magistrado, que puso como ejemplo el caso de una menor de edad violada por miembros de las FPLC cuyas heridas 'tardaron meses en cicatrizar', razón por la que dejó la escuela y sufrió estrés postraumático.
La CPI no tuvo en cuenta ninguno de los factores que, según la defensa, deberían haber atenuado la condena, como el comportamiento de Ntaganda durante el juicio o sus supuestos intentos para la desmovilización de sus tropas.
Ntaganda compareció con una corbata roja y una chaqueta azul, se levantó para escuchar la condena, tal y como es habitual en la CPI, no hizo ningún gesto cuando la escuchó.
El pasado junio, los jueces declararon a Ntaganda culpable de todos los crímenes a los que se enfrentaba, entre los que estaban el alistamiento de niños soldados, permitir abusos sexuales a menores de edad, asesinatos, persecución y ordenar ataques contra la población civil de Ituri, en el noreste de la República Democrática del Congo, entre los años 2002 y 2003.
El tribunal consideró probado que el exlíder guerrillero de 45 años, conocido como 'Terminator', fue el responsable directo de los crímenes de asesinatos y persecución, y responsable indirecto del resto de cargos.
La lectura de la sentencia reflejó la crueldad de los delitos de las FPLC, el ala militar de la Unión de Patriotas Congoleños, a pesar de que la segunda guerra del Congo (1997-2003) se encontraba en los últimos compases.
La mayoría de víctimas de las FPLC, dominado por las tribus Hema, eran miembros de la etnia Lendu que se vieron expulsados de Ituri, una región rica en minerales.
La condena de la CPI a Ntaganda ha sido la primera en la que el tribunal de La Haya ha reconocido la existencia del crimen de esclavitud sexual durante el conflicto del Congo. EFE
La Haya, 7 nov (EFE).- La Corte Penal Internacional (CPI) impuso este jueves una pena de 30 años de cárcel al ex jefe adjunto del Estado Mayor de las Fuerzas Patrióticas para la Liberación del Congo (FPLC) Bosco Ntaganda, considerado culpable de trece crímenes de guerra y cinco de lesa humanidad.
Se trata de la condena más alta emitida por este tribunal internacional desde su puesta en funcionamiento, en 2002, y supera la impuesta al jefe de las FPLC, Thomas Lubanga, sentenciado a 14 años de cárcel. EFE
Toronto (Canadá), 6 nov (EFE).- Pascal Siakam consiguió doble-doble de 23 puntos y 13 rebotes y los Raptors de Toronto vencieron por 124-120 a los Kings de Sacramento.
Los Raptors ganaron su quinto partido consecutivo sobre los Kings y mejoraron sus números a 4-0 en casa en lo que va de temporada.
Kyle Lowry anotó 24 puntos para los Raptors, que mejoraron a 5-2 su registro en lo que va de temporada.
Lowry ha anotado al menos 20 puntos en seis partidos en los primeros siete juegos de los Raptors, campeones reinantes de la NBA, que se fueron con marca de 12-3 la temporada pasada cuando Lowry obtuvo al menos 20 puntos.
El congoleño nacionalizado español Serge Ibaka anotó 10 de sus 21 puntos en el último cuarto.
Ibaka jugó 24 minutos, encestó 9 de 16 tiros de campo, incluido 1 de 4 triples, 2 de 2 desde la línea de personal, logró seis rebotes y entregó dos asistencias.
El jugador español Marc Gasol consiguió 12 tantos, su mejor marca de temporada, en 24 minutos sobre la pista de juego.
Gasol anotó 4 de 6 tiros de campo, incluido 1 de 2 triples, 3 de 4 desde la línea de personal, logró cuatro rebotes y entregó dos asistencias.
Por los Kings (2-6), Harrison Barnes aportó 26 tantos como mejor encestador, el reserva Bogdan Bogdanovic consiguió 22 y Buddy Hield aportó 21.EFE
Kinshasa, 6 nov (EFE).- Al menos diez civiles murieron en la madrugada de este miércoles en un ataque de presuntos rebeldes ugandeses de la milicia islamista Fuerzas Democráticas Aliadas (ADF) en el noreste de la República Democrática del Congo (RDC), informaron a Efe fuentes del Ejército congoleño.
El ataque ocurrió en la localidad de Kokola, ubicada a pocos kilómetros de la ciudad de Beni, en la provincia de Kivu del Norte, dijo por teléfono el portavoz de las Fuerzas Armadas de la República Democrática del Congo (FARDC), comandante Mak Hazukai.
'Hubo una incursión de rebeldes ugandeses de las ADF en Kokola. Yo voy para allá. Estoy de camino, pero nuestras fuerzas ya están allí', manifestó Hazukai, quien lamentó que el Ejército fuera informado tarde de la tragedia, si bien ya persigue a los atacantes.
El activista de la sociedad civil de Beni Kizito Hango también confirmó a Efe este ataque.
'Ya estábamos pensando en la pacificación de nuestro territorio y ciudad, pero ahora estos individuos nos han vuelto a matar. La ciudad de Beni no se despertó bien. Por el momento, nada funciona. Todo está paralizado', declaró Hango por teléfono.
'La localidad de Kokola se ha vaciado de habitantes, que huyen hacia las localidades circundantes', añadió el activista.
Las ADF empezaron su campaña violenta en 1996 en el oeste de Uganda, como contestación política al régimen del presidente ugandés, Yoweri Museveni, pero la presión militar forzó su repliegue a la frontera con la RDC, desde donde efectúan incursiones en Kivu del Norte, sobre todo para saqueos y lograr aprovisionamientos.
Su agenda no es muy conocida, más allá de una posible conexión con la organización yihadista Estado Islámico (EI) y un repetido 'modus operandi', ocultándose y escapando a las operaciones militares gracias a una geografía montañosa.
Un informe publicado a finales de 2018 por el Grupo de Investigación sobre el Congo (CRG), un proyecto de investigación independiente con sede en la Universidad de Nueva York, reveló que las ADF habían conseguido el pasado noviembre financiación del EI.
De hecho, el EI se ha atribuido ya varios ataques letales en esta zona de la RDC que estaban, en un principio, atribuidos al ADF, grupo que no suele reivindicar sus acciones.
A principios de este milenio, los ejércitos ugandés y congoleño casi lograron acabar con esta insurgencia, pero los rebeldes no desaparecieron por completo, se reorganizaron y empezaron a radicalizarse, llegando a ser el grupo más letal de Kivu del Norte en 2018.
En lo que va de año, solo en esta provincia del noreste congoleño se han producido más de 300 ataques, en los que han muerto más de 700 personas (una treintena vinculadas a las ADF), según la herramienta de seguimiento Kivu Security Tracker, gestionada por el CRG.
El noreste de RDC lleva años sumido en un largo conflicto alimentado por las milicias rebeldes y los ataques de soldados del Ejército regular, todo ello bajo la supervisión de la Misión de Paz de la ONU en el país (Monusco). EFE
En République démocratique du Congo (RDC), où la violence persiste et menace la relative stabilisation depuis l’investiture du président Félix Tshisekedi, l’ONU pourrait prochainement réfléchir à retirer progressivement ses unités de casques bleus. Le rapport d’un expert indépendant vient d’être remis au Conseil de sécurité, alors que le mandat de la Mission des Nations unies au Congo (Monusco) doit être renouvelé en décembre 2019.
The International Criminal Court passed its highest ever sentence Thursday, sending a Congolese warlord known as "The Terminator" to prison for 30 years for crimes including murder, rape and sexual slavery.
(A Top Pick Nov 06/18, Up 39%) He's picked this many times. They have a high-quality platinum palladium deposit in South Africa and the highest-grade zinc in the Congo; and likely the best copper discovery. Yes, there's a lot of political risk in the Congo and South Africa, so that's a warning.
El Tribunal Penal Internacional (TPI) ha condenado a 30 años de cárcel a Bosco Ntaganda, antiguo 'señor de la guerra' en República Democrática del Congo (RDC), por 18 cargos de crímenes de guerra y contra la Humanidad por los que ya había sido declarado culpable a principios de julio.
El Tribunal Penal Internacional (TPI) ha condenado a 30 años de cárcel a Bosco Ntaganda, antiguo 'señor de la guerra' en República Democrática del Congo (RDC), por 18 cargos de crímenes de guerra y contra la Humanidad por los que ya había sido declarado culpable a principios de julio.
Het Internationaal Strafhof (ICC) in Den Haag heeft de voormalige Congolose militieleider Bosco Ntaganda veroordeeld tot 30 jaar gevangenisstraf wegens oorlogsmisdaden en misdaden tegen de menselijkheid.
L'allenatore degli Scorpioni Tom Saintfiet ha reso pubblica la lista finale dei giocatori per i match qualificazioni della Coppa d'Africa 2021 contro Angola in trasferta e in casa contro la Repubblica.
This paper investigates the factors that affect Democratic Republic of the Congo’s bilateral export flows to its main trading partners. Based on data and other information from trusted sources such as World bank, World Trade Organization that have been used to estimate Congo’s exports through annual data covering the period 2014 to 2018 with its main trading partners.
THE HAGUE, Netherlands — The International Criminal Court passed its highest ever sentence Thursday, sending a Congolese warlord known as "The Terminator" to prison for 30 years for crimes including murder, rape and sexual slavery.
Bosco Ntaganda was found guilty in July of 18 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity for his role as a military commander in atrocities in a bloody ethnic conflict in a mineral-rich region of Congo in 2002-2003.
De Congolese krijgsheer Bosco Ntaganda is door het Internationaal Strafhof in Den Haag veroordeeld tot een gevangenisstraf van dertig jaar. Ntaganda, bijgenaamd Terminator, was al in juli door het Internationaal Strafhof in Den Haag schuldig verklaard aan alle 18 aanklachten tegen de man. Hij werd onder meer schuldig bevonden aan verkrachting, seksuele slavernij, moord en het rekruteren en inzetten van kindsoldaten in 2002 en 2003 in de Congolese provincie Ituri. Het proces was in september 2015 gestart.
ZDF: Mainz (ots) - Der Dokumentarfilm "Congo Calling" erzählt die Geschichten dreier Entwicklungshelfer aus Europa, die im Herzen des Krisengebiets im Osten der Demokratischen Republik Kongo arbeiten. Das ZDF zeigt den Film von Stephan Hilpert (Buch und ...
A B-2 Spirit Stealth Bomber, assigned to the 509th Bomb Wing, Whiteman Air Force Base, Missouri, sits on the flight line, Oct 24, 2019. Consistent training and exercising validates the B-2Õs ability to respond to challenges all over the globe. (Sr. Airman Thomas Barley/Air Force)
* A new poll found that 56 percent of registered voters believe President Trump will win again in 2020 * That includes 85 percent of Republicans, 51 percent of independents and 35 percent of Democrats, according to the Politico/Morning Consult survey * Pollsters found that voters believed that Trump's voters were twice as likely than Hillary Clinton's to be 'very motivated' to go vote * Another poll found that the percentage of voters who believe Trump should win re-election hasn't significantly changed since the impeachment inquiry opened
A majority of registered voters believe President Trump will win again in 2020.
A new Politico/Morning Consult poll found that 56 percent of all voters said Trump will be re-elected next year. The president obviously has an edge with Republicans, with 85 percent saying a Trump 2.0 is happening.
But a majority of independents - 51 percent - agreed. Even a third of Democrats, 35 percent, said they believed there would be four more years of President Trump.
WNU Editor: He will be difficult to defeat. President Trump has the advantage of the incumbency and the bully-pulpit. The economy is also doing well, and his base overwhelmingly supports him. The Democrat candidates for President are also not inspiring, and I have trouble seeing them being able to attract independent voters. But the election is still far away. A lot can happen in 12 months.
As Trump allies denounce the whistleblower, pressure is building on CIA Director Gina Haspel to take a stand, say current and ex intelligence officials.
WASHINGTON — As President Donald Trump and his allies continue to denounce the CIA whistleblower whose complaint led to an impeachment investigation, pressure is building on the spy agency's director, Gina Haspel, to take a stand on the matter, current and former intelligence officials tell NBC News.
"It will be incumbent on her to protect the whistleblower — and by extension, the organization — moving forward," Marc Polymeropoulos, a recently retired CIA officer who oversaw operations in Europe and Russia, said in an interview. "This is a seminal moment for her leadership, and I'm confident she will do the right thing."
So far, Haspel has been publicly silent as Trump has railed about the whistleblower, a CIA analyst, on Twitter. So has the director of national intelligence, Joseph Maguire.
WNU Editor: There is a problem with this "CIA analyst". He was removed from the White House for lying and leaking. He is implicated in filing a complaint against President Trump and Ukraine that has led to this impeachment inquiry, even though his complaint is at odds with the transcript that was released. He is a well known Democrat activist who is closely affiliated with former Obama intelligence officials whose opposition to President Trump is well known. Bottom line. This is a person who has used his CIA position to pursue a political agenda against the President and his policies. In this context, this is someone that I am sure CIA Director Gina Haspel does not want to step in and defend.
House Democrats have released the latest in the series of heavily-redacted transcripts of the secret hearings they had undertaken in recent weeks - that of Bill Taylor - the top US diplomat in Ukraine - ahead of his public testimony next week.
As The Hill notes, Taylor is viewed as a key witness who previously testified in meticulous detail about what he considered an effort by Trump and his allies to pressure Ukraine into opening investigations that would benefit Trump politically.
In leaked copies of his 15-page opening statement, Taylor voiced concerns that the Trump administration had withheld nearly $400 million in aid as leverage to get Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to open investigations into interference in the 2016 election and former Vice President Joe Biden, one of his leading 2020 political rivals.
* The Department of Justice on Wednesday charged two former Twitter employees for spying on users on behalf of Saudi Arabia. * The charges allege that Ali Alzabarah and Ahmad Abouammo used their employee credentials to access information about specific Twitter users, including their email addresses, birth dates, phone numbers and internet protocol addresses.
The Department of Justice on Wednesday charged two former Twitter employees for spying on users on behalf of Saudi Arabia.
The charges allege that Ali Alzabarah and Ahmad Abouammo used their employee credentials to access information about specific Twitter users, including their email addresses, birth dates, phone numbers and internet protocol addresses. A third individual, Ahmed Almutairi, was also charged for acting as an intermediary between the Twitter employees and the Saudi government, the Justice Department said.
Jesse Barajas searches for the remains of his brother José, who was was dragged from his ranch on 8 April 2019 and has not been seen since, last month near the town of Tecate. Photograph: Emilio Espejel/The Guardian
José Barajas, who was snatched from his home, joins the ever-swelling ranks of thousands of desaparecidos, victims of the drug conflict that shows no sign of easing
As he set off into the wilderness under a punishing midday sun, Jesse Barajas clutched an orange-handled machete and the dream of finding his little brother, José.
"He's not alive, no. They don't leave people alive," the 62-year-old said as he slalomed through the parched scrubland of tumbleweed and cacti where they had played as kids. "Once they take someone they don't let you live."
DUBAI (Reuters) - Iran resumed uranium enrichment at its underground Fordow nuclear facility, the country's Atomic Energy Organisation (AEOI) said on Thursday, further stepping away from its 2015 nuclear deal with major powers.
The agreement bans enrichment and nuclear material from Fordow. But with feedstock gas entering its centrifuges, the facility, built inside a mountain, will move from the permitted status of research plant to being an active nuclear site.
"After all successful preparations ... injection of uranium gas to centrifuges started on Thursday at Fordow ... all the process has been supervised by the inspectors of the U.N. nuclear watchdog," the AEOI said in a statement, Iranian media reported
Israel is bracing itself for war with Iranian proxies, as Tehran escalates its provocations. But what will the United States do if conflict comes?
The senior ministers of the Israeli government met twice last week to discuss the possibility of open war with Iran. They were mindful of the Iranian plan for a drone attack from Syria in August, aborted at the last minute by an Israeli air strike, as well as Iran's need to deflect attention from the mass protests against Hezbollah's rule in Lebanon. The ministers also reviewed the recent attack by Iranian drones and cruise missiles on two Saudi oil installations, reportedly concluding that a similar assault could be mounted against Israel from Iraq.
The Israel Defense Forces, meanwhile, announced the adoption of an emergency plan, code-named Momentum, to significantly expand Israel's missile defense capacity, its ability to gather intelligence on embedded enemy targets, and its soldiers' preparation for urban warfare. Israeli troops, especially in the north, have been placed on war footing. Israel is girding for the worst and acting on the assumption that fighting could break out at any time.
Washington (AFP) - President Donald Trump's son published on Wednesday the name of the alleged anonymous whistleblower whose complaint fired the impeachment inquiry against Trump, breaking strict conventions for protecting officials who reveal wrongdoing in government.
Amid calls by the president himself to expose the whistleblower, Donald Trump Jr. tweeted the name of a CIA analyst which has circulated online for weeks, and linked to a Breitbart news article implying the person was pro-Democrat and anti-Trump.
AFP could not independently verify the whistleblower's identity and is not publishing the name.
* A search is underway for a staff sergeant in training who disappeared into the Gulf of Mexico Tuesday afternoon during a training exercise * The unidentified Air Force airman was from the 24th Special Operations Wing at Hurlburt Field in Okaloosa County, Florida * He exited a C-130 four engine aircraft around 1.45pm from a height of 1,500 feet * He deployed his parachute and was last seen treading water in the Gulf, approximately four miles south of Hurlburt Field * As the aircraft turned to retrieve the man, crewmen lost sight of him * Several vessels, three Air Force aircraft were deployed in the search * The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission and Coast Guard are also on the scene
A desperate search is underway for a missing airman who disappeared into the Gulf of Mexico after suffering a parachute-jump mishap while exiting a Special Operations military plane.
The unidentified Air Force airman from the 24th Special Operations Wing at Hurlburt Field was exiting a C-130 four-engine aircraft over the Gulf of Mexico during a training exercise around 1.45pm Tuesday when he suddenly vanished into the water below.
'The fall happened during a parachute-jump training exercise out of Hurlburt Field,' a report from the Air Force Times said.
The Coast Guard said the airman was a staff sergeant in training and fell out of the aircraft at 1,500 feet, according to WEAR.
Twenty masked gunmen launched a failed attack on a Tajik outpost on the border with Uzbekistan. The rare attack was quashed when border forces launched a counter operation and killed most of the raiders.
At least 17 people were killed in an overnight raid by armed men on an outpost on the border between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, Tajik authorities said on Wednesday.
"An armed group of 20 unknown masked individuals attacked a border outpost … using firearms," said Tajikistan's national security committee, according to Russian state-run news agency TASS.
Tajikistan's border forces said the assailants were members of the "Islamic State" (IS) militant group in Afghanistan.
At least five of the gunmen were detained and later provided critical intelligence during interrogations, authorities said.
World leaders have called on Iran to fulfil the terms of its 2015 nuclear deal, after it begins injecting uranium gas into centrifuges at its underground Fordow nuclear facility.
Iran has begun to further distance itself from a 2015 nuclear deal between Tehran and world powers that curbed its atomic work, local media reported on Wednesday (local time).
The deal bans nuclear material from Fordow and, with the injection of uranium gas into its centrifuges, the facility will move from its permitted status of research plant to become an active nuclear site.
The International Criminal Court sentenced Congolese rebel chief Bosco “Terminator” Ntaganda to 30 years in jail for war crimes and crimes against humanity on Thursday, the highest ever penalty issued by the tribunal.
Strategic Opportunities International or SOI is looking for Instructors/Facilitators to assist in an upcoming proposal. SOI's focus is on Sub Sahara Africa. Please submit resumes/CV to below listed email and/or website. Interested personnel will be required to sign a non-binding letter of Intent. Resumes/CVs need to list security clearance held (if any), foreign languages spoken and degree of fluency as well as educational level
Instructor for The Collaborative & Adaptive Security Initiative (CASI) and The Prevention, Relief & Recovery (PR&R) programs: The CASI is an integrated education and outreach program designed to place US Service Members into learning situations alongside the other communities they work among – such as, representatives from partner nations, Government civilian agencies, and international organizations. The program is currently coordinating potential partnering events with other countries that will co-mingle US Service Members with officers and officials from the countries’ armed forces to strengthen relationships and discuss collaboration in the event of large-scale disaster in that country. The PR&R program is a teaching and engagement activity that conducts programs for peacebuilding, humanitarian, and conflict management professionals operating around the globe. These events could occur in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Strategic Opportunities International or SOI is looking for Instructors/Facilitators to assist in an upcoming proposal. SOI's focus is on Sub Sahara Africa. Please submit resumes/CV to below listed email and/or website. Interested personnel will be required to sign a non-binding letter of Intent. Resumes/CVs need to list security clearance held (if any), foreign languages spoken and degree of fluency as well as educational level
Instructor for International Defense Acquisition Resource Management (IDARM) activities: One to two-week long resident/mobile events covering defense acquisition resource management related topics tailored to individual country requirements. Sample program offering topics may include: Principles of Defense Acquisition Management, Principles of Defense Procurement and Contracting, International Defense Acquisition Negotiations, Contracting for Pre-Deployment and Deployment Operations, Managing Complex Defense Armaments Projects, Logistics and Life Cycle Management of Armament Projects, Capabilities Based Requirements, and Ethics and Integrity in Defense Acquisition Decision Making, and other related topics. These tailored offerings are designed for international military officers (grades O4-O6) and civilian equivalents. They are conducted abroad. These events occur in a wide variety of countries including, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Please specify topics of interest
Please specify country/countries as well as topics of interest
Strategic Opportunities International or SOI is looking for Instructors/Facilitators to assist in an upcoming proposal. SOI's focus is on Sub Sahara Africa. Please submit resumes/CV to below listed email and/or website. Interested personnel will be required to sign a non-binding letter of Intent. Resumes/CVs need to list security clearance held (if any), foreign languages spoken and degree of fluency as well as educational level.
A series of one to two-week long mobile events from the following course offerings, tailored to individual country requirements and developing needs over time to include: Civil-Military Relations, Civil-Military Relations for Junior Military Leaders, Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration, Security Forces and the Electoral Process, Local Focus Program on Civil-Military Relations, National Security Planning Global Commons Security, Intelligence and Policymakers, Intelligence Fusion Centers, Women Integration in the Armed Forces, Cyber Security Policy and Practice, International Defense Transformation, Threat Assessment, Integrated Education And Outreach Programs, Managing Ethnic Conflict and Religious-Based Violence, and other courses. These tailored course series offerings are conducted to all levels of partner nation military officers and civilian leaders and are held abroad as necessary. These events occur in a wide variety of countries including, but not limited to: Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Jordan, Mozambique, South Africa, Tunisia, Uganda. Please specify country/countries as well as topics of interest
La République démocratique du Congo (RDC) est officiellement en possession du cahier des charges des IXèmes Jeux de la Francophonie qui se dérouleront à Kinshasa du 23 juillet au 1er août 2021.
Cette 9e édition est placée sous le signe de la Solidarité, de la Diversité et de l’Excellence, et a pour ambition de s’inscrire dans un projet de développement et de renforcement de cohésion nationale pour la RDC.
L'international congolais, Mukoko Batezadio, a été arrêté mercredi 30 octobre à l'aéroport Mohammed V de Casablanca (Maroc). L'attaquant de l'Ittihad de Tanger est accusé de faire sortir clandestinement sa fille du Maroc vers Rome (Italie).
En tournée politique dénommée « Safari » dans l’Est de la RDC, l’opposant congolais, Moïse Katumbi Chapwe, a payé les frais de participation de trois équipes congolaises en difficultés financières pour la saison sportive 2019-2020.
Ces frais s’élèvent à 3 500 USD pour chaque club de la Ligue 2 et 5 000 USD pour la Ligue 1.
La Cour pénale internationale (CPI) a condamné jeudi 7 novembre l'ex-chef de guerre congolais Bosco Ntaganda à une peine de 30 ans de prison pour des crimes de guerre et contre l'humanité, la peine la plus lourde jamais prononcée par la juridiction basée à La Haye.
L’opposant Martin Fayulu, un des leaders de la plateforme LAMUKA, appelle la classe politique congolaise à un dialogue politique pour organiser les élections anticipées en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) dans 18 mois. Ces élections permettront de « sortir le pays de la crise multidimensionnelle ».
Revue de presse congolaise du jeudi 7 novembre 2019.
Il trône au sommet de l’Etat depuis la présidentielle de décembre 2018, mais il garde toujours les yeux rivés sur le prochain round électoral de 2023. A l’instar d’autres formations politiques qui affûtent déjà leurs armes, le chef de l’Etat Félix Tshisekedi ne ménage pas sa monture, fait remarquer Le Potientiel, qui cite « des indiscrétions glanées dans les milieux de l’UDPS. »
The International Criminal Court sentenced former Congolese military leader Bosco Ntaganda on Thursday to 30 years in prison for atrocities including murder, rape and conscripting child soldiers.
Reported by CBC.ca 41 minutes ago.
6 Barriers to Protecting and Restoring Forests – and Strategies to Overcome Them Comments|Add Comment|PrintCongo Basin, home to rare species including gorillas and forest elephants. Photo by Molly Bergen/WCS, WWF, WRI
Forests help stabilize the climate and provide many contributions to Sustainable Development Goals. And we have quite a bit of evidence about what policies and strategies are effective in conserving and restoring forests. So why haven’t such measures been adopted at scale? Our new...
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Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World
By Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
07 October 2019
Ladies and Gentlemen,
The modern concept of refugee protection was born in the middle of the last century, as the world emerged from two devastating global conflicts and was preparing to enter the Cold War. Millions had been uprooted from their homes, as wars cast people adrift, empires disintegrated, borders were redrawn, and minorities and political opponents were persecuted and expelled. Ensuring the safety of those displaced, and resolving displacement, were among the earliest priorities of the United Nations.
Seven decades on, forced human displacement remains a global concern. The context is different, but the complexity remains immense. Today’s refugee crises are part of a growing flow of human mobility, driven by many overlapping elements.
Resource-based conflicts that transcend borders, shaped by a mosaic of local, regional and international interests; fueled by extremism, criminal networks and urban gangs.
Loss of hope, as global advances in prosperity, education and the fight against hunger and disease fail to reach those most in need.
Conflicts premised on ethnic and religious differences, stoked by others for political and financial gain.
Collapsing eco-systems and weather-related disasters that destroy homes and livelihoods, forcing millions further into poverty.
Damaging forms of nationalism, and hate speech that – often through cyberspace – have found a new legitimacy in public discourse.
Refugees emerge from these widening fault-lines – a warning of things going wrong. This is why tackling forced displacement calls again for a bigger, broader ambition than we have managed to muster in the recent past.
This was the vision that drove the development of the Global Compact on Refugees. Addressing refugee crises cannot be done in isolation from larger global challenges, and from effective migration policies. The two compacts – on refugees, and on safe, orderly and regular migration – were designed to complement each other, and for good reason.
Look at the Sahel – a situation of enormous complexity, where insecurity, poverty and loss of traditional livelihoods are fracturing and uprooting entire communities, across the region and beyond. Protecting refugees and the internally displaced is vital. But this must be accompanied by a deeper and wider scope of action that cuts across the political, security, migration and development spheres.
Two aspects of the Global Compact on Refugees stand out.
One is its comprehensive approach. It accelerates a long-awaited shift in responses – from a traditional humanitarian angle, as the Deputy Secretary-General said, to one that preserves the humanitarian imperative, but matches it with a broader set of tools more adapted to the dynamics of today’s refugee flows.
This means peacemaking and peacebuilding, development action and private sector investment. It means sustained, strategic support to address the root causes of refugee movements and mixed population flows. The Deputy Secretary-General has just highlighted how this dovetails with the work to bring about a UN system that can best catalyze progress collectively towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Synergies between the compact and UN reforms are therefore relevant and strong.
Also, the compact makes tangible the commitment to international solidarity that underpins the refugee protection regime, but has never been fully realised. You will hear more about this from our new Assistant High Commissioner for Protection, Gillian Triggs, whom I am happy to introduce to you today.
Securing the refugee compact – a practical, concrete tool – proved that beyond the damaging, unilateral approaches that sometimes surface, a commitment to addressing refugee flows through international solidarity still prevails. At UNHCR, we are fully committed to this effort, and we count on all of you – our closest partners – to do the same. It is possible! The Global Refugee Forum, to be convened in December in this building, will be the opportunity to showcase what has been achieved, and make fresh commitments to further progress.
The last year has underscored why the compact is needed, and how it is starting to re-shape our collective response. Let me share my thoughts on seven related challenges.
First, while much of the discussion on forced displacement has focused on arrivals in the global North, the most profound consequences by far are in host countries in the global South. Preserving asylum there, and helping host communities, requires more substantial and sustained international support. More than four million Venezuelans, for example, have left the country, the majority taking refuge in 14 nations in Latin America and the Caribbean. Most of these states have shown commendable solidarity, despite immense pressures. Colombia’s recent decision to grant citizenship at birth to the children of Venezuelans in the country is an example, and the Quito Process is helping shape a regional approach.
Sustaining this solidarity is vital, including through support to the services, infrastructure and economy of impacted countries. I welcome the engagement of the Inter-American Development Bank, and the World Bank’s decision to extend support to Colombia – and potentially also Ecuador – through its Global Concessional Financing Facility. I urge them to accelerate their contributions. The forthcoming Solidarity Conference convened by the European Union, together with UNHCR and the International Organisation for Migration, will be an opportunity to take stock and commit more.
Second, responses to 'mixed flows' of refugees and migrants continue to generate very divisive debates. Widespread political rhetoric exploits the anxieties prevailing among those excluded from the benefits of globalization, and directs those fears towards refugees and migrants – themselves among the most disenfranchised people on the planet. Pitting exclusion against exclusion is not only cynical and immoral – it rarely offers practical solutions to either. And measures taken or invoked to reduce flows – pushbacks, externalization of asylum processing, policies of deterrence – all erode refugee protection without really addressing the root causes of mixed flows, or the challenges of integration.
These situations are enormously complex – we must recognise that. I saw this last week in Mexico, where impressive examples of refugee integration are coupled with increasing migratory pressures from the region but also from Africa. A range of actions is undoubtedly needed to address these “mixed” flows. Several are included in that region under the MIRPS, a regional framework for protection and solutions which we have promoted; and we will contribute to UN efforts to support initiatives such as a regional development plan for Mexico and northern Central America, currently being discussed. In this context, saving lives and safeguarding the dignity and rights of all those on the move must remain central, together with access to international protection for those with valid claims. There and elsewhere, legal migration pathways would help prevent the abuse of asylum systems as substitutes of migration channels.
We observe these challenges not only in northern Central America and at the southern border of the United States, but also in southern Africa, and south-east Asia. In Europe, public confidence in asylum and migration management has been diminished, and must be restored through fast and fair procedures, good migration management that avoids overloading asylum systems, and investments in integration for those with a right to stay. Cooperation between governments is needed – including on the return of those who do not qualify for international protection or other stay arrangements.
I welcome the recent decisions of four EU States to establish a temporary cooperation mechanism for disembarking those rescued in the Mediterranean, and hope that this will galvanise broader EU engagement and revitalize rescue at sea arrangements. But this must also be matched by a broader ambition – investments in addressing the root causes of refugee flows, and supporting the efforts of refugee-hosting and transit countries. UNHCR continues to evacuate the most vulnerable from Libya – efforts for which Niger and now Rwanda are providing life-saving channels. Hopefully, others will join. We work closely with the International Organisation for Migration in these efforts, as elsewhere. But these operations pose enormous dilemmas, and can only be sustained as part of a comprehensive, responsibility-sharing approach that has the preservation of life, and access to international protection as central imperatives. There, as in several other operations, UNHCR colleagues and our partners are working – let us not forget that – under extremely dangerous conditions.
Third, long-standing and recurring displacement crises continue to persist, in the absence of political solutions. And other major crises are now becoming protracted too. In this context, the compact’s emphasis on inclusion, resilience and development action – pending solutions – is critical. This year marked the fortieth anniversary of the start of the Afghan refugee crisis. Regrettably, peace efforts seem once again to have stalled. I welcome Afghanistan’s decision to apply the comprehensive refugee response model in support of its initiatives to solve displacement, but solutions remain compromised by drought, insecurity and governance failures. Just 15,000 refugees returned home last year. The hospitality displayed by Pakistan and Iran, and their work on refugee inclusion and self-reliance, as well as on legal migration and stay options, are ground-breaking, but must receive more international support while the Afghan crisis continues.
In Somalia, too, while the commitment of the government to reduce forced displacement is evident and commendable, conflict and drought are still inhibiting solutions and driving new displacement. In this context, the regional application of the comprehensive response model by IGAD helps strengthen asylum, access to rights, and refugee inclusion in health, education and national economies.
Governments in the East and Horn of Africa have been in the forefront of the application of the comprehensive refugee response model. Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya and Uganda, among others, have made enormous strides with the support of the World Bank’s expertise and financing, bilateral development support and private sector investments. These are already transforming the lives of many refugees, as well as refugee-hosting communities across the region, and proving the validity of the model enshrined in the compact. They are giving concrete meaning to the African Union’s decision to declare 2019 the year of refugees, displaced people and returnees in Africa.
Fourth, the issue of repatriation continues to be the subject of much attention. A question we are increasingly asked is – how to advance solutions, when security in countries of origin remains fragile, and there is no end of hostilities? Can people return to their home countries in the absence of political settlements?
The answer is that returns must be driven by people, not by politics. Across UNHCR’s operations, we have an ongoing dialogue with refugees on return, and on the complex factors that influence their decisions. We work with governments to help create the conditions paving the way for returns. These must be voluntary and sustainable.
Take the example of Syria. Some 200,000 Syrian refugees have returned since 2016, and over three quarters of the almost six million refugees in neighbouring countries say they hope to return one day. We must continue to be guided by their views and decisions, and provide support to those who choose to return to avoid exposing them to further hardship.
Our policy is not to stand back and wait. We work with the Government of Syria to help address barriers to return and support confidence-building measures; hoping of course that recent political advances are consolidated; and that further humanitarian crises – especially in Idlib – can be avoided through concerted action by all parties.
In the meantime, international support to asylum countries must be sustained. Their outstanding generosity, and continuous donor support have helped Syrian refugees contend with long years in exile, even in places like Lebanon where the ratio of refugees to nationals continues to be the highest in the world. The achievements are significant: last year, 1.3 million Syrian refugee children were attending school, and 110,000 work permits were issued in Jordan and Turkey. However, acute poverty and vulnerability are weighing on people’s lives, and on host communities, and inevitably influencing their decisions.
In Myanmar, too, the Government has recognised the right of refugees in Bangladesh to return, and has started an important dialogue with the refugees, to build confidence and enable informed decisions. UNHCR and UNDP are working on social cohesion projects in northern Rakhine State to help pave the way for eventual returns. These are important steps, but need to be accompanied by more visible changes on key issues of refugee concern – freedom of movement, solutions for the internally displaced, clear information on a pathway to citizenship.
A second bilateral initiative to commence repatriation in August did not result in any refugees coming forward. But it sent important messages: the door is open, and voluntariness was respected. My hope is that this can now pave the way for a more strategic approach, in which refugee voices and choices are central. UNHCR stands ready to advise and support. There, and in other places, for example with Burundian refugees in Tanzania, and Nigerian refugees in the Lake Chad region, we are available to facilitate dialogue and solutions through tripartite approaches which include UNHCR.
Fifth, and closely linked to my previous point, we need to seize opportunities to accelerate solutions. Conflicts moving towards peace are rare, but when there is a chance, we have to pursue it. In this respect, we are closely following events in Sudan and South Sudan. The political transition in Sudan and the new Government’s commitment to a peace process have important implications for hundreds of thousands of Sudanese refugees, and for the internally displaced. The renewed momentum in the South Sudan peace process is also encouraging. Spontaneous refugee returns to South Sudan have already surpassed 200,000, and IDP returns are also under way.
Over the last two years, UNHCR and IGAD have been promoting the inclusion of refugees and internally displaced people in the South Sudan peace process. I hope that these recent developments will pave the way to a definitive end of the cycle of violence and displacement that has blighted the lives of generations of Sudanese and South Sudanese people.
Resettlement is another solution – albeit for very few. While some countries are stepping up their programmes, the overall number of places has plummeted. I am very disappointed by this. Resettlement saves lives and offers stability to refugees who are most vulnerable and at risk. I propose that we use more deliberately our new three-year strategy to intensify resettlement efforts, and expand private sector and community involvement.
The sixth major challenge relates to our engagement with the internally displaced. At the end of 2018, over 41 million people were living in displacement in their own countries. Major IDP operations, in Iraq, Syria, Yemen, the Lake Chad Basin, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Ukraine, remain among our most politically and operationally complex – but all are among our priorities. I wish to flag in particular that together with our partners, we are responding with more resources to the Ethiopian government’s call for support to address recent large-scale internal displacement in the country.
In sum, we are trying to better align our efforts to advance solutions for refugees and IDPs, and to design our operations more effectively, in the context of inter-agency efforts. Our new policy on internal displacement reflects our firm and revitalized commitment. This places particular emphasis on protection leadership, and aligning our interventions with those of our partners.
A few days ago, at the start of the 74th session of the General Assembly in New York, we heard calls to accelerate our responses to the climate emergency, before it is too late. Greta Thunberg, speaking for the next generations, and António Guterres, speaking as the world’s conscience, were adamant in asking all of us to take action – now.
These calls concern us, too, as we gather here to discuss issues of forced displacement. I have just presented six key displacement-related challenges. The seventh intersects and underpins them all.
Climate-related causes are a growing driver of new internal displacement, surpassing those related to conflict and violence by more than 50%. Climate is often also a pervasive factor in cross-border displacement.
The term “climate refugee” is not based in international law, and does not reflect the more complicated ways in which climate interacts with human mobility. But the image it conveys – of people driven from their homes as an outcome of the climate emergency – has rightly captured public attention.
I am often asked how the UN refugee organization can help respond to this challenge. I wish to take this opportunity to share a few thoughts for your consideration.
For some years, UNHCR has worked to highlight relevant legal frameworks and the protection gaps resulting from cross-border displacement in the context of climate change. We will continue to help steer international discussions and the legal and normative debate in this area, including through engagement with the Platform on Disaster Displacement, and other multilateral fora.
Forced displacement across borders can stem from the interaction between climate change and disasters with conflict and violence – or it can arise from natural or man-made disasters alone. Either situation can trigger international protection needs.
In the first case, these would normally be met through recognition as a refugee under the 1951 Convention or regional refugee frameworks. In the second, temporary protection or stay arrangements, on which UNHCR has expertise, can provide flexible and speedy responses.
Even more specifically, where disaster-related displacement occurs, a strong operational response, guided by protection considerations, is often needed. Here too, UNHCR will continue to work in inter-agency contexts to support governments – building on our strong expertise in emergency responses. The Global Compact on Refugees by the way calls for preparedness measures and evidence-based forecasting, and the inclusion of refugees in disaster risk reduction strategies.
There are other considerations. Climate factors drive people out of their homes – but large-scale refugee movements – whether or not climate-induced – have themselves in turn an environmental impact, and refugees are frequently located in climate hotspots. I am determined to make these considerations more relevant to the way we prepare for and respond to refugee crises.
At UNHCR, we have worked for years to reduce the environmental impact of refugee crises through renewable energy options, reforestation activities, and access to clean fuels and technology for cooking. We have now launched a revitalized energy strategy and are improving our tools to address these challenges. Private sector partners such as the IKEA Foundation have been invaluable in helping us develop new approaches.
And finally like other organizations, we recognise that our own operational footprint has an environmental impact, and are taking action accordingly. We are working, for example, to increase energy efficiency and renewable energy use.
Work to respond to these challenges is made possible by the strong confidence that UNHCR continues to receive from donor partners. We expect funds available this year to reach an estimated 4.82 billion US dollars. The United States’ contribution has continued to be the most substantial, and has been decisive in many challenging situations, and for this I am very grateful. I wish to thank the European Commission and Germany for their particularly strong support; and Sweden, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands for providing critical, substantive unearmarked funding; and of course all other donors as well.
The gap between requirements and available resources nonetheless continues to grow in absolute terms and will reach around 3.82 billion US dollars this year. Private sector income is projected to increase by 11% over last year’s figure, to 470 million US dollars. We continue to work to diversify our funding base, in the spirit of responsibility-sharing and to ensure a stable platform for our work. Most importantly, our partnership with development organizations is becoming much stronger, and is helping us find ways to target our resources in ways that leverage those bigger programmes.
I am aware that donor generosity must be matched by constant improvements in how we manage the organization. In late 2016, I initiated a reform process to ensure an agile and effective UNHCR, with country operations equipped to pursue context-driven strategies, innovate, and respond to local and regional dynamics, as part of UN Country Teams. This was the rationale for our regionalisation and decentralization process, which is giving greater authority and flexibility to country offices, helping us get closer to refugees, and front-loading support through Regional Bureaux located in their regions.
We are entering the last phase of structural changes, which will involve adjustments to Headquarters Divisions and other entities in line with the new rebalanced authorities.
Of course, transformation is not only about structures and accountabilities, and is not a one-time exercise – it is also about transforming our organisational culture, investing in the quality of work, improving and streamlining systems and processes, and creating space for innovation.
We are working on evidence-based planning, on how we describe impact, and on increasing efficiency, in line with our Grand Bargain commitments and as an active participant, as the Deputy Secretary-General noted, in broader UN reforms. I recently endorsed a Data Transformation Strategy, and the new UNHCR/World Bank Joint Data Centre will be inaugurated this week in Copenhagen by the Secretary-General – a milestone of humanitarian/development cooperation.
We also continue to embed a strong risk management culture across the organisation, and to strengthen systems and tools for preventing and responding to misconduct. This includes sexual exploitation and abuse, and sexual harassment, for which we have implemented a broad range of measures and to which I am personally committed, also as Champion for this issue in the Inter-Agency Standing Committee. There is no place in the organization for perpetrators, and we will keep survivors and victims at the center of our response.
In 2011, my predecessor, the Secretary-General, convened a ministerial meeting on the 60th anniversary of the 1951 Refugee Convention, and the 50th of the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. It is fair to say that until then, the statelessness mandate had been a rather peripheral aspect of UNHCR’s work. Clearly, you didn’t see it that way. More than 60 states and regional entities came forward with pledges aimed at reducing statelessness, and that groundswell of political will and commitment became the catalyst for the #IBelong campaign, launched in 2014. Spurred on by the energy that had emerged, we decided to fix a time limit – ten years – to bring statelessness to an end.
Now, as we mark the halfway point, it’s time to take stock and renew the commitment that set us on the path towards that bold ambition. This is the aim of the High-Level Segment that will follow in a few moments, as part of this Executive Committee meeting.
When we talk about statelessness, we often find ourselves speaking of laws, documents and other technicalities. These are critical, and are where the hard work has to happen, but when we frame statelessness purely in legal terms, we lose sight of the all-encompassing blight it casts on people’s lives, pushing them to the margins of society, denying them basic rights and a sense of identity. This is an area in which – for relatively little investment – wide-reaching impact is within our reach.
Some of you, last year, were present at an EXCOM side event at which a young woman who had grown up stateless became the citizen of a country for the first time. It was a deeply emotional experience for everyone present – and that moment, more than any speech or list of pledges, captured what it means to finally belong, after years spent living on the margins. She and a number of formerly stateless people are present here today, and I encourage you to talk to them and understand what citizenship has meant to them. Their stories are what will inspire us as we move ahead.
There have been important achievements in the first half of the campaign – tackling gender discrimination in nationality laws, introducing laws to avoid childhood statelessness, and developing procedures to find solutions for people who would otherwise be stateless. Certain protracted situations were finally resolved. Fifteen states acceded to one or both of the Statelessness Conventions. Kyrgyzstan became the first State to formally announce that all known cases of statelessness on its territory had been resolved – an achievement that should inspire others. I look forward to honouring a Kyrgyz champion of this campaign, Azizbek Ashurov, at the Nansen Award ceremony this evening.
I also wish to acknowledge the work of UNICEF, UNFPA, the World Bank, and civil society and academic networks – and especially the Geneva-based ‘Friends’ of the campaign, who have been persistent in their advocacy and support. The regional preparatory meetings have been characterized by energy and commitment. I am pleased to share that we have received 171 pledges ahead of today’s event, which has also galvanised other initiatives that may become concrete pledges later.
At a time when we are asking a lot of you, this is particularly commendable. At UNHCR, we will also step up our efforts even more to achieve the ambitious collective goal of ending statelessness once and for all.
The first Global Refugee Forum will be convened in this building in just over two months. It comes at the end of a turbulent decade, in which people and communities have been uprooted across all regions. Nobody foresaw, ten years ago, the convergence of trends and events that would lead to a doubling in the number of people forcibly displaced, and the prominence that refugee and migrant flows would assume in domestic and international politics. Addressing and resolving forced displacement has rightly emerged as an urgent priority intertwined with other 21st-century global challenges, including climate change.
The big question now is – what are we going to make of the next decade? Will it be one that sees us in retreat – turning our backs on the hard-learned lessons of the twentieth century – or one in which we will have the courage of joining forces in spite of our different perspectives and interests, embracing the challenges and opportunities of international cooperation to address the plight of exile? These are the fundamental questions that the Forum will have to tackle. I hope – of course – that it will respond by clearly showing the second way. I encourage all of you to ensure high-level representation from States, share positive experiences, and make significant and impactful commitments that will greatly improve the future of refugees and host communities.
I believe that in the Global Compact for Refugees, we have grounds for optimism. The momentum is there. We have a powerful tool that was born of a narrative of possibility. The Forum will be the occasion, I hope, to show that we do not shy away from the enormous responsibility placed on all of us – one that stems not only from the refugees and host communities looking to us for action, but also from the opportunity that we have to inspire new generations, and demonstrate, in so many practical, concrete ways, why international cooperation matters, and how it can be made to work.
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia
WASHINGTON DC, September 20, 2019 - This week, Education Above All Foundation (EAA) and the World Bank announced a ground-breaking partnership to enrol two million out of school children from more than 40 countries by 2025. During a meeting with World Bank President David Malpass, Her Highness Sheikha Moza bint Nasser, Founder and Chairperson of Education Above All Foundation, stressed the importance of this framework agreement.
The agreement commits up to $250 million in funding for developing countries striving to enable access to quality primary education for all of their still out-of-school children. Unlike traditional philanthropic efforts of organizations like EAA who usually fund local non-profits directly, this innovative funding model aims to take lessons learned in the field to scale, through direct support to participating countries with implementation, evaluation, and reporting - enabling accountability and systemic change at the national level.
Out of school children (OOSC) are among the hardest to reach in each country due to the many and often compounding barriers to education including extreme poverty, distance to school, and conflict. This new agreement calls on governments to utilise funds to prioritise out of school children by ensuring their access to quality primary education through results-based financing. The agreement highlights the importance of multi-stakeholder partnerships in supporting developing nations, in providing education for all, and meeting the UN Sustainable Development Goals, particularly SDG 4 (ensuring inclusive and quality education for all and promoting lifelong learning).
"The World Bank is committed to addressing the global learning crisis. The partnership with Education Above All is critically important in this effort. There are still too many out of school children around the globe. Together we will bring these children into school and help them learn and fulfil their potential. Learning for all is a foundation for building strong human capital for every country," said Jaime Saavedra, Global Director for Education at the World Bank.
"Our partnership with Qatar and Education Above All will play an especially important role in the Middle East and North Africa," said Ferid Belhaj, World Bank Vice President for the Middle East and North Africa. "As access to quality education is critical for the region to unlock the huge potential of its large youth population, whose energy and creativity could become a new source of dynamic and inclusive growth."
Through this new funding structure, EAA and The World Bank will support financing opportunities for resource mobilization, education advocacy, and poverty reduction in developing countries across three continents. Proposed targeted countries include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, and Zambia.
About Education Above All (EAA) Foundation
The Education Above All (EAA) Foundation is a global education foundation established in 2012 by Her Highness Sheikha Moza bint Nasser. The Foundation envisions bringing hope and real opportunity to the lives of impoverished and marginalized children, youth and women, especially in the developing world and in difficult circumstances such as conflict situations and natural disasters. It believes that education is the single most effective means of reducing poverty, generating economic growth and creating peaceful and just societies, as well as a fundamental right for all children and an essential condition to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For more information, visit educationaboveall.orghttp://educationaboveall.org/.
About World Bank Group Work on Education
The World Bank Group is the largest financier of education in the developing world. We work on education programs in more than 80 countries and are committed to helping countries reach Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4, which calls for access to quality education and lifelong learning opportunities for all by 2030. In 2018, we provided about $4.5 billion for education programs, technical assistance, and other projects designed to improve learning and provide everyone with the opportunity to get the education they need to succeed. Our current portfolio of education projects totals $17 billion, highlighting the importance of education for the achievement of our twin goals, ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity.
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bangladesh, Brazil, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen
Global trends and challenges
More than 1 per cent of people across the planet right now are caught up in major humanitarian crises. The international humanitarian system is more effective than ever at meeting their needs – but global trends including poverty, population growth and climate change are leaving more people than ever vulnerable to the devastating impacts of conflicts and disasters.
Humanitarian needs are increasing despite global economic and development gains. In the past decade, the world has made profound development progress. Between 2008 and 2015, the number of people living in extreme poverty fell from 1.2 billion to 736 million. The world is also richer than ever before: global GDP rose from $63.4 trillion in 2008 to $80.7 trillion in 2017.
But in recent years, more than 120 million people each year have needed urgent humanitarian assistance and protection. There are more crises, affecting more people, and lasting longer today than a decade ago. Most humanitarian crises are not the product of any single factor or event, but of the interaction between natural hazards, armed conflict and human vulnerability.
People’s vulnerability to crises is not just about where they live, but also about how they live.
Poverty, inequality, population growth, urbanization and climate change can erode people’s resilience and make them more susceptible to shocks. Although development gains are being made, progress has been uneven. The rate of extreme poverty remains high in low-income countries and in countries affected by conflict. Crises have disproportionate consequences for the poor: people exposed to natural hazards in the poorest nations are at least seven times more likely to die from them than those in the richest nations.
Fragile and conflict-affected areas are growing faster and urbanizing more rapidly than the rest of the world
In the past five years, the world’s population has grown by 400 million people, from 7.2 billion in 2014 to 7.6 billion in 2017. Although global population growth has slowed compared with previous decades, the rate has been uneven. Today, an estimated 2 billion people live in fragile and conflict affected areas of the word, where they are extremely vulnerable to the impact of conflicts and disasters. This number is projected to increase, as the population in these areas is growing twice as fast as the rest of the world, with an annual growth rate of 2.4 per cent, compared with 1.2 per cent globally. And the urban population in fragile areas grows by 3.4 per cent each year, compared with the world average of 2 per cent. These trends can compound resource scarcity and increase vulnerability to disasters. Urban population density can also amplify the impact of disasters and conflicts. In 2017, when explosive weapons were used in populated areas, 92 per cent of casualties were civilians, compared with 20 per cent in other areas. The populations of countries affected by fragility, conflict and violence are also younger than the global average. Whereas the proportion of the world’s population under 14 years of age has been steadily declining to about 25 per cent today, the average for countries in fragile situations is 40 per cent. As a result, one in every four children in the world is living in a country affected by conflict or disaster, facing threats of violence, hunger and disease. In 2017, more than 75 million children experienced disruptions to their education because of humanitarian crises, threatening not only their present well-being, but their future prospects as well.
More people are being displaced by conflicts
By the end of 2017, war, violence and persecution had uprooted 68.5 million men, women and children around the world – the highest number on record, and nearly 10 million more people than in 2014. Just over 40 million people were internally displaced by violence within their own countries, and 25.4 million refugees and 3.1 million asylum seekers were forced to flee their countries to escape conflict and persecution. The levels of new displacements far outstrip returns or other solutions. In 2017, 5 million people returned to their areas or countries of origin, but 16.2 million people were newly displaced – an average of one person displaced every two seconds, and the highest level of new displacement on record.
The rise in forced displacement is not the result of an increase in conflicts. In fact, after peaking in 2014, the number of political conflicts worldwide decreased by about 10 per cent, from 424 in 2014 to 385 in 2017, although there are still more conflicts compared with a decade ago (328 in 2007). However, during the same period, the proportion of violent and highly violent conflicts, which are more likely to cause human suffering, destruction and displacement, increased from 53 per cent to 58 per cent of all conflicts worldwide.5 The total economic impact of conflict and violence has also increased, from $14.3 trillion in 2014 to $14.8 trillion in 2017.6 The major share of both the human and economic cost of conflicts is borne by developing countries, which host 85 per cent of refugees.
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen
United Nations-coordinated Appeals
FUNDING REQUIRED $25.20B
FUNDING RECEIVED $11.97B
UNMET REQUIREMENTS $13.23B
PEOPLE IN NEED 135.3 M
PEOPLE TO RECEIVE AID 97.9 M
COUNTRIES AFFECTED 41
Global Humanitarian Funding
FUNDING RECEIVED $17.98B
UN-COORDINATED APPEALS $11.97B
OTHER FUNDING $6.01B
Global Appeal Status
At the end of October 2018, 21 Humanitarian Response Plans (HRP) and the Syria Regional Response Plan (3RP) require US$25.20 billion to assist 97.9 million people in urgent need of humanitarian support. The plans are funded at $11.97 billion; this amounts to 47.5 per cent of financial requirements for 2018. Requirements are lower than in September 2018 due to revision of the Ethiopia Humanitarian and Disaster Resilience Plan (HDRP). For the remainder of 2018, humanitarian organizations require another $13.23 billion to meet the needs outlined in these plans.
Global requirements are $1.10 billion higher than at this time last year. Overall coverage and the dollar amount were only marginally higher in late October than at the same time in 2017.
On 8 October the Government of Ethiopia and humanitarian partners issued a Mid-Year Review of the HDRP. The revised plan reflects changes in the humanitarian context, and requires $1.49 billion for 2018, as opposed to the March 2018 requirement of $1.6 billion to reach some 7.88 million people in need of food or cash relief assistance and 8.49 million people with non-food assistance in the course of the year. Despite the general good performance of this year’s belg (spring) rains, the number of people targeted for relief food and cash support remains largely unchanged due to the significant spike in internal displacement since April 2018.
Security Council Briefings and High Level Missions
At a briefing to the Security Council on 23 October, Under-Secretary-General/Emergency Relief Coordinator (USG/ERC) Mark Lowcock called on all stakeholders to do everything possible to avert catastrophe in Yemen. In a follow up note on the humanitarian situation in Yemen of 30 October, the USG/ERC thanked the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United States, Kuwait, the United Kingdom and all donors for the record amount raised for the humanitarian appeal in 2018 which had meant nearly 8 million people had received assistance across the country; more than 7 million people had received food and more than 420,000 children been treated for malnutrition; clean water, sanitation and basic hygiene support is now available to 7.4 million people and about 8 million men, women, girls and boys had benefited from health services.
At a Security Council briefing on the humanitarian situation in Syria on 29 October, the USG/ERC urged the Security Council and key Member States to ensure that the ceasefire holds in Syria's northwestern province of Idlib to prevent a military onslaught and overwhelming humanitarian suffering. He thanked donors for the $1.7 billion contributed so far towards the HRP for Syria, but pointed out that this HRP is currently funded at less than 50 per cent.
In her statement to the Security Council on 30 October, Assistant Under-Secretary-General/Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator (ASG/DERC)
Ursulla Mueller spoke of the steady decline in humanitarian funding for the Ukraine over the years and mentioned that the HRP for 2018 is funded at only 32 per cent. This is simply not enough to cover food, health care, water, sanitation and other life-saving assistance. ASG/DERC Mueller appealed to donors to increase their support for consolidating gains in anticipation of the fast-approaching winter.
During a joint mission to Chad and Nigeria (5-7 October) with UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner, as part of a series of country visits the two will make to advance humanitarian-development collaboration, the USG/ERC called on donors to fulfil pledges and announcements of over $2 million made in Berlin last month at the High Level Conference on the Lake Chad Region (3-4 September). He noted the importance of maintaining humanitarian response in the region as needs were still very high.
Following her visit to the Republic of the Philippines from 9 to 11 October, ASG/DERC Mueller announced that OCHA would continue advocating for sustained funding to address humanitarian needs of people displaced by the Marawi conflict while ensuring that support for the transition to longerterm and sustainable recovery is forthcoming.
The Global Humanitarian Overview 2019 and World Humanitarian Data and Trends will be launched in the course of joint event to take place in the Palais des Nations, Geneva, from 10:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. on 4 December 2018.
Between January and the end of October 2018, country-based pooled funds (CBPFs) have received a total of $708 million in contributions from 32 donors (including contributions through the UN Foundation). During the same period, a total of $616 million from the 18 operational funds was allocated towards 1,071 projects with 575 implementing partners. Nearly 40 per cent ($246 million) of the funds were allocated to international NGOs and some 26 per cent (approximately $160 million) to national NGOs. UN agencies received 32 per cent ($202 million) of the allocated funds and Red Cross/Red Crescent organizations received over 1 per cent (some $8 million) of all allocated funds. The largest allocations per sector went to health; food security; water, sanitation and hygiene; nutrition; emergency shelter and NFIs.
Between 1 January and 31 October 2018, the Emergency Relief Coordinator approved $477 million in grants from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to support life-saving activities in 45 countries. This includes $297.7 million from the Rapid Response Window and $179.7 million from the Underfunded Emergencies (UFE) Window. A total of $31.6 million in Rapid Response grants was approved in October in response to cholera outbreaks in Zimbabwe, Niger and Nigeria; flooding in Laos; and the population influx from Venezuela to Brazil, Ecuador and Peru; as well as to support Government relief efforts following the earthquake and tsunami in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The UFE 2018 second round was completed this month, with $30.6 million approved in September and the remaining $49.4 million of the round’s $80 million released in October to assist people caught up in nine chronic emergencies in Angola, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Libya,
Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Sudan.
Funding for humanitarian activities in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) is at an all-time low. Nearly all agencies requesting financial support through the HRP have received less funding in 2018 than in previous years. This leaves humanitarian partners ill-placed to meet emerging needs or respond to the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Gaza, where the rise in casualties during the recent demonstrations has stretched Gaza’s overburdened health system.
Humanitarian agencies appealed in August for $43.8 million to respond to the Gaza crisis, particularly trauma management and emergency health care, in 2018. On 22 September, the Humanitarian Coordinator for the oPt launched an $8.3 million allocation from the oPt Humanitarian Fund to implement critical HRP projects, mainly in Gaza. Stocks of medical supplies are in extremely short supply and depleted to almost half of requirements. Since late October, the Gaza power plant has been providing up to eleven hours of electricity a day. However, around 250 health,
WASH and essential solid waste facilities continue to rely on UN-procured emergency fuel for running back-up generators. This year’s intensive operations have depleted funds and stocks and the $1 million allocated by the oPt Humanitarian Fund for fuel supplies will only last until the end of November. Further and urgent financial support is therefore required.
Conditions in Yemen continued to deteriorate in October, pushing the country to the brink of famine. On 23 October, the USG/ERC warned the Security Council that without urgent action, up to 14 million people – half the population – could face pre-famine conditions in the coming months.
Assessments are currently under way, with initial results expected in mid-November. The economic crisis is raising the risk of famine. The Yemeni rial has depreciated by nearly 50 per cent over the last year. Commodity prices have soared, as Yemen imports 90 per cent of staple food and nearly all fuel and medicine.
Urgent steps are required to avert immediate catastrophe. First, a cessation of hostilities is needed; this is especially critical in populated areas.
Second, imports of food, fuel and other essentials must be able to enter Yemen without impediment. Roads must remain open so these goods can reach communities across the country. Third, the Yemeni economy must be supported, including by injecting foreign exchange, expediting credit for imports and paying salaries and pensions. Fourth, international funding must increase now to allow humanitarians to meet growing needs for assistance. Finally, all parties must engage with the UN Special Envoy to end the conflict. Yemen remains the largest humanitarian operation in the world, with more than 200 partners working through the Yemen HRP.
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen
FUNDING REQUIRED $25.32B
FUNDING RECEIVED $10.63B
UNMET REQUIREMENTS COVERAGE $14.69B
PEOPLE IN NEED 133.8M
PEOPLE TO RECEIVE AID 97.4M
COUNTRIES AFFECTED 41
Spotlight on the recent disaster in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
On Friday 28 September, a 7.4 magnitude earthquake and tsunami struck Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. On 5 October, the Government and country team/regional office issued the Central Sulawesi Earthquake Response Plan to support the six priority areas identified by the Government. Some existing programmes in Sulawesi will be augmented and others entailing WASH, health, camp management and logistics activities will be developed.
The response plan will focus on immediate response over a three-month period. On 2 October and Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock (USG/ERC) announced an allocation of US$15 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to bolster relief assistance for people affected by this emergency
Global appeal status
At the end of September 2018, 21 Humanitarian Response Plans (HRP) and the Syria Regional Response Plan (3RP) require $25.32 billion to assist 97.4 million people in urgent need of humanitarian support. The plans are funded at $10.63 billion; this amounts to 42 per cent of financial requirements for 2018. For the remainder of 2018, humanitarian organizations require another $14.69 billion to meet the needs outlined in these plans.
Global requirements are $1.13 billion higher than at this time last year. Overall coverage and the dollar amount were only marginally higher in late September 2018 than at the same time in 2017.
High-level events The USG/ERC made a strong appeal for HRP funding for South Sudan and Yemen at two high-level events at UN headquarters last month. At an event on 25 September on the crisis in South Sudan during the General Assembly, the USG/ERC asked that donors sustain their generous and large response to the crisis to enable life-saving activities and to encourage a multi-year approach to crisis response with stronger focus on stabilization, resilience and recovery from the conflict. In his statement to the Security Council on Yemen on 21 September, he announced that we may now be approaching a tipping point beyond which it will be impossible to prevent massive loss of life as a result of widespread famine across the country.
Three days later, the Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen reiterated the call for more funding and more humanitarian partners on the ground to respond to the unprecedented emergency in Yemen.
The UNHCR Commissioner and USG/ERC ended a mission to Afghanistan last month with a call for donors to urgently increase and sustain support for humanitarian response in the country, and to take measures to find durable solutions for millions of people caught up in Afghanistan’s displacement crisis.
On 3-4 September, in a follow-up event to the 2017 Oslo Humanitarian Conference on Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region, Germany, Nigeria, Norway and the UN co-hosted the High-Level Conference on the Lake Chad Region in Berlin. On this occasion, UN Member States, international organizations and civil society actors discussed humanitarian assistance, stabilization and development cooperation in the region. Humanitarian and development announcements made at the conference totalled $2.17 billion and it is estimated that $1.02 billion was for humanitarian assistance in 2018 for Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria. Of that amount, approximately $875 million (86%), has been made available to recipient organizations.
International financial institutions pledged an additional $467 million in concessional loans.
Concerning pledging conferences this year, according to data reported to FTS by donors and recipient organizations as of 18 September, 95 per cent of pledges have been fulfilled for Yemen, 91 per cent of pledges have been fulfilled for Somalia, and 82 per cent of pledges have been fulfilled for DRC. In each of these countries, many donors have contributed above and beyond their original announcements.
For Syria and the Region, the EU recently published a tracking report on announcements made in Brussels in April which can be accessed here:
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, the Emergency Relief Coordinator approved $395 million in grants from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), including $265 million from the Rapid Response Window and $130 million from the Underfunded Emergencies Window, for life-saving activities in 38 countries. A total of $40 million was released in September to assist people affected by underfunded emergencies in Angola, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic and Rwanda; as well as people affected by flooding in India and Myanmar, and Venezuelan refugees and migrants arriving in Ecuador and Peru.
Country-based pooled funds (CBPFs) have received a total of US$667 million from 31 donors between January and September 2018. During this period, the 18 operational funds have allocated $478 million to 921 projects, implemented by 525 partners. Over 60 per cent of all CBPF allocations were disbursed to NGOs, including 21 per cent ($100.6 million) directly to national NGOs. Another 36 per cent was allocated to UN agencies and a smaller portion to Red Cross/Red Crescent organizations, which have received 1.2 per cent of funding ($5.8 million) for direct project implementation. The first allocation for 2018 of the Yemen Humanitarian Fund (YHF) for $90 million is ongoing and focuses on covering gaps in first-line responses in cluster strategies and providing life-saving support to people in newly accessible and hard-to-reach areas. In Ethiopia, the Humanitarian Coordinator launched a $30 million reserve allocation targeting immediate and life-saving activities in the nutrition, health, WASH, agriculture/livestock, emergency shelter/NFI, education and protection sectors. Finally, reserve allocations were also ongoing in Afghanistan and Myanmar during September.
In Myanmar, an integrated CBPF and CERF allocation strategy ($1 million CBPF reserve and $2.95 million CERF) prioritized projects aligned with the Myanmar Humanitarian Fund (MHF) operating principles and the CERF Life Saving Criteria, aiming at achieving the main objective of addressing critical unmet needs of flood‐affected people across the country, particularly the most vulnerable people.
The humanitarian situation in Afghanistan has deteriorated considerably over the past year, primarily due to the drought, but also as a result of worsening violence. Overall, the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance and protection services in Afghanistan has increased dramatically since the beginning of 2018, from 3.3 million people to 5.5 million people. Over half of the needs are generated by conflict and population movement. In the meantime, chronic vulnerabilities such as poverty, food insecurity, and unemployment are also increasing. Afghanistan is experiencing its most severe drought since 2011, with some 20 provinces affected by significantly reduced rainfall from winter snow. Some 2.2 million chronically food insecure people are on the verge of acute food insecurity, with four provinces – Badakhshan, Badghis, Faryab and Herat – likely to pitch into a state of emergency unless they receive comprehensive and sustained humanitarian assistance. Drought-related displacement is growing in volume and geographical scope – now constituting 40 percent (119,000) of the overall number of people displaced in Afghanistan in 2018. It is likely that the Afghan population – some 15 million of whom are dependent on the agriculture sector across these 20 provinces for livelihoods – will take years to recover. Overall, more than 12 million Afghans have been displaced internally or abroad during the last four decades of conflict, natural hazards, disasters and the resulting socio-economic upheaval.
Since 25 August 2017, extreme violence in Rakhine State, Myanmar, has driven over 727,000 Rohingya refugees across the border into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Statelessness imposed over generations has rendered this population seriously vulnerable, even before the severe traumas of this most recent crisis. The vast majority of these refugees now live in congested sites that are ill-equipped to handle the monsoon rains and cyclone seasons – with alarmingly limited options for evacuation. Low levels of funding are seriously hampering the capacity of humanitarian to respond effectively to the scale and scope of the humanitarian needs in the refugee camps, particularly to ensure safe shelter, appropriate educational options, nutritional support, and most critically, the quality of health services available for an extremely vulnerable population. For example, with the health sector only 23 per cent funded, programming for non-communicable diseases, malaria, TB, and HIV/AIDS remains insufficient, and partners are struggling to scale up service provision which is critical for emergencies including obstetric emergencies.
The alarming financial shortfall for humanitarian programmes in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has had detrimental consequences on the lives of the most vulnerable. More than 40 per cent (10.3 million) of the population remains undernourished. One in five children under-five is stunted with likely irreversible physical and cognitive repercussions. More than 9 million people lack access to essential health services. Pregnant women, young children and people living with diseases, in particular, struggle to access the care they need. Those living in rural areas are most at risk. Recent floods in North and South Hwanghae provinces have affected 280,000 people, killed 76 and displaced over 10,500 people, and chronic underfunding is making it difficult for UN agencies and their partners to respond to needs caused by the natural disasters that frequently hit the country. The 2018 Needs and Priorities plan seeks $111 million to assist 6 million out of 10.3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance.
The prospect of protracted displacement in Iraq is real, warranting a whole-of-system approach to respond to needs and work toward durable solutions. Some 1.9 million Iraqis remain displaced, with insecurity, lack of livelihood opportunities, destroyed housing, and explosive remnants of war contamination among the key barriers to returning. Considerable protection concerns exist, especially for women and children with perceived ties to ISIL. Critical funding gaps are hampering the response, particularly in food security, health, shelter and non-food item sectors, and the WASH sector. Urgent funding priorities include water supply interventions in the south, especially in Basra, which is experiencing water shortages and a gastrointestinal disease outbreak. Child health and nutrition services for up to 180,000 pregnant and lactating mothers, 300,000 children under the age of five and 5,000 newborn babies lack adequate funding.
The level of humanitarian need in Myanmar remains high and is driven by multiple factors including armed conflict, protracted displacement, inter-communal violence, statelessness, segregation, discrimination, food insecurity and vulnerability to natural disasters. More than 720,000 people – mostly stateless Rohingya Muslims – were forced to flee the country in August last year and there remains little tangible progress on addressing the root causes of violence and discrimination against this population. More than 128,000 Muslims confined in camps, some since violence erupted in 2012, have little to no access to essential services. In Kachin and Shan, persistent cycles of displacement due to conflict continue to raise serious protection concerns, with annual flooding exacerbating existing vulnerabilities. In both areas of the country, access remains a critical challenge.
Recent violence in Tripoli has highlighted the fragile situation in Libya. Thousands of people have been displaced, including families staying in schools converted into makeshift IDP shelters. The violence led to a breakdown in basic services, with frequent electricity cuts and compromised access to water. The situation is compounded by liquidity challenges which deepen needs among the most vulnerable. Humanitarian partners are responding to pre-existing and new needs, but the response is undermined by underfunding. With only 24 per cent of financial requirements covered, the ability of partners to provide assistance in life-saving sectors such as water, sanitation and hygiene and protection, as well as education, is limited. Additional funds are required to support a nation-wide measles vaccination campaign, targeting 3 million children against the backdrop of an ongoing outbreak.
South Sudan continues to experience extensive humanitarian needs, including dire levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. In September, 6.1 million people (59% of the population) faced crisis, emergency, or catastrophe levels (IPC Phase 3-5) of food insecurity. This includes 47,000 people in catastrophic conditions (IPC Phase 5). Urgent funding is needed in the coming months to procure and preposition food and other life-saving supplies during the approaching dry season, when these activities are most cost-effective. Food insecurity is expected to decline slightly following the October-December harvest, and rise again in January-March, when 5.2 million people are expected to be in IPC Phases 3-5, including 36,000 in IPC Phase 5. Resources are also needed to scale up preparedness and capacity to respond to Ebola Virus Disease. Though no cases have been reported in South Sudan, there is a risk of cross-border spread.
An agreement on 17 September to establish a demilitarized zone in Idlib, Syria, provided a reprieve for close to three million people placed at risk by a major military escalation in the area, of whom more than two million were already in need of humanitarian assistance. Civilian deaths and injuries due to airstrikes and shelling, as well as displacement and attacks impacting health facilities, were reported in the Idlib area in the weeks prior to the announcement of the agreement. Response and readiness efforts continued in Idlib and other parts of the north-west, drawing to a large extent on cross-border assistance channels from Turkey. Despite significant access challenges, humanitarian assistance continued to be provided across the country, including in areas that had recently come under Government control such as eastern Ghouta, northern rural Homs and much of the south-west. Cross-border assistance to the south-west under the framework of Security Council resolution 2393 remained suspended, but assistance was delivered from Damascus, primarily through the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC). Deployment of an inter-agency convoy from Damascus to Rukban on the Syria-Jordan border became increasingly urgent, with reports of a deterioration of the humanitarian situation in a camp estimated to be hosting up to 45,000 people. The situation in eastern Deir-Ez-Zor, in the east of the country, also deteriorated, with clashes linked to counter-ISIL operations displacing thousands in rural areas with limited humanitarian access and reports of restrictions on the onward movement of displaced people.
Steep economic decline accelerated in Yemen in September, with the Yemeni riyal losing about 30 per cent of its value against the US dollar during the month. Because Yemen imports the vast majority of its food and other basic commodities, this has translated into sharp rises in prices of food, fuel and other essentials – placing these goods increasingly out of reach for millions of Yemenis at a time when famine remains a real threat. In parallel, conflict in Hudaydah has intensified, with about 550,000 people displaced by the violence since 1 June. Aid operations have dramatically expanded, reaching 8 million people with direct assistance across the country every month. Partners have provided rapid response kits to nearly all families recently displaced from Hudaydah, as well as additional assistance based on assessed needs. Generous funding has been key: the 2018 HRP has received US$1.96 billion, or 67 per cent of requirements. Despite these achievements, recent developments threaten to overwhelm the operation’s capacity to respond. Urgent steps are needed to stabilize the economy, keep all ports and main roads open, uphold international humanitarian law, and move towards a political solution. Partners are also seeking full funding for the $3 billion HRP in order to deliver all activities in the plan.
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Brazil, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ecuador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Mexico, Myanmar, Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, United States of America, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen
For Immediate Release
Monday, August 20, 2018
Office of Press Relations
Telephone: +1.202.712.4320 | Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Center for Strategic and International Studies
August 20, 2018
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Good morning, everyone. Thank you, Dan, for that kind introduction and thanks to all of you for being here to help mark this very important occasion.
As we begin, as we call it in Congress, I'd like to start with a point of personal privilege. I'd like to take this opportunity this morning to express our sadness over the death of Kofi Annan. He was a giant who has spent his entire life advocating for peace, and the for the protection of humanitarian workers, something that we'll be talking about today. As he so often said, "People, not states, should be at the center of what we do." His passing makes this World Humanitarian Day even more poignant.
This morning, on behalf of USAID, I hope to convey two important messages to all of you. The first is, as Dan was alluding to, relates to the rapidly-evolving nature of humanitarian relief and assistance.
The second, as we mark this day, is simply our deep, deep admiration and gratitude for the many heroes of our humanitarian work. They, and many of you, are truly extraordinary and heroic.
I have to say that before I joined USAID, I didn't really appreciate the scope and range of what it is that we do in our humanitarian work. You can see it in some of the numbers. In 2017, USAID responded to 53 crises in 51 countries. For only the second time in our agency's history, we had six DART teams, Disaster Assistance Response Teams, deployed simultaneously around the world. The first time that happened was the preceding year.
At this very moment, we have pre-positioned resources and experts in just about every part of the world. We have seven emergency stockpiles in places like Djibouti, South Africa, and Malaysia. We have full-time response staff in 30 countries. We have six regional offices and 11 adviser offices, located with partners like the military's combatant commands.
One of my most vivid memories from my first year as Administrator was, essentially, a crash course in how some of this works. One day, during last year's UN General Assembly meetings, we received word of a terrible earthquake, the second one that had struck Mexico City. One evening that week, I was walking down the street between back-to-back dinners with two different mobile phones: one with the White House, one with the DART team leader.
I was dodging pedestrians, I'm sure looking ridiculous, while the disaster professionals were helping me navigate something much more serious: how to rapidly mobilize an emergency response team to Mexico City to help our neighbors to the South respond to its second earthquake in just a few weeks' time.
The government said to us that they'd welcome the assistance of a highly-specialized type of international search and rescue team, something really hard to find, especially in a hurry. But, thanks to the White House, our talented team here in D.C., our network of first responders, and the DOD, we were able to transport and stand up just such a team in Mexico City before breakfast the next morning. I'm honored to be part of a network, which includes many of you, that can make something like that happen.
But, as we gather to mark World Humanitarian Day this year, we have to acknowledge that natural disaster responses no longer epitomizes today's humanitarian work. We still do that, to be sure, and I think we do it well. But, these days, we face vast other challenges all around the world.
Our humanitarian resources are increasingly being deployed, not for storms and quakes and the like, but for man-made disasters, from conflict-driven displacement to tyranny-driven economic collapse.
Our DARTs are more likely to be deployed for those types of crises, and by far, most of our humanitarian assistance dollars are being allocated for those kinds of needs. There's the ongoing tragedy in Syria, a horrific conflict in its seventh year and one of the most complex crises of our time. Over 13 million people, more than 80 percent of the current population, need humanitarian assistance. There's the ongoing struggle in Afghanistan, where 3.3 million people need humanitarian assistance. A recent upturn in violence has claimed 1,700 civilian lives this year alone.
A dozen or so years ago, I travelled to Afghanistan as a congressman. And, in those days, our presence was measured by the tens of thousands of military boots on the ground. These days, we still have some troops there, but our boots on the ground are increasingly humanitarian and development workers, some of whom have been back to work in Afghanistan two, three, and even four times.
Nine hundred aid workers have been killed in Afghanistan in the last decade.
There's South Sudan, the most dangerous place of all for humanitarian workers. Seven million people in South Sudan, including 1 million living on the brink of famine, depend on international assistance just to survive.
Then there are the man-made crises far closer to home. One of the most underreported catastrophes in the world today is what's happening in and around Venezuela. More than 2.3 million Venezuelans have already fled. It's the largest single mass exodus in the history of the Western Hemisphere. And it's ongoing. I saw this first hand when I visited Cucuta, in Colombia, and the Bolivar Bridge last month. Five thousand new migrants enter Colombia each and every day. They're desperately seeking food and emergency medical care. They're seeking survival.
This isn't merely Colombia's challenge. Venezuelans are fleeing to places like Brazil and Ecuador, as we read over the weekend, and northward to the Caribbean. The list of man-made, conflict-caused, and regime-driven humanitarian crises goes on and on. After all, there are roughly 70,000,000 displaced people in the world today.
Since humanitarian needs and crises are changing, we're doing our best our to change and to respond to them, with the best tools and ideas that we can find. We're applying lessons learned over and over again. And we're fostering innovation.
This past February, USAID and our British cousins, DFID, joined in launching the first-ever Humanitarian Grand Challenge. The Grand Challenge mechanism is a way for the world's best thinkers, from organizations large and small, for-profit and non-profit, business, academia, to offer new ideas in helping (inaudible) relief to the most vulnerable, hardest to reach communities in the world.
It's a chance for us to identify and invest in the best and the brightest. We've already received 615 applications from 86 different countries, including a third from women and nearly half from lower and middle income countries. We're excited to see and mobilize the results, and they're due out this fall.
Given how much of our humanitarian response is in conflict zones and fragile states, we're paying more attention than ever to the obstacles and challenges that factions, gangs, militias, and corrupt officials are throwing at relief teams. Case in point. In April of this year, a leading humanitarian agency reported that it had encountered no fewer than 70 checkpoints on the 300-mile trip from Aden to Sanaa, in Yemen. I'm sure those were just helpful citizens offering directions along the way.
But it's the kind of situation that caused us to launch the Strengthening Field Level Capacity on Humanitarian Access and Negotiations program last August.
It's aimed at helping relief team members better understand practical negotiation techniques and safe, effective field-level decision making.
Because there is nothing more important to us, nothing more important to me, than the safety and security of our humanitarian network, that's the area that we're especially focusing on. We must stay ahead of threats and potential threats. So we're supporting organizations dedicated to improving security standards and training for NGO staff. We're modifying our policy so that security, costs for equipment, staff, training and site enhancements can be more easily built into your contracts and grant budgets.
We're investing in new tools to help us map and minimize risk to operations at the most basic level, the level of, for example, moving food from a plane to a truck, to a warehouse and distribution center. But, let's face it: we can take every possible step to minimize risk. We can't make it go away.
And many of you here know that all too well. One of the most inspiring and humbling parts of my job is getting to meet the heroes who know the risks but carry on just because they care.
I saw firsthand, when I visited IDP camps just outside of Raqqa. I heard stories of challenges that humanitarian heroes face each day, as they strive to bring water and food and medical care to those who've been victimized by the years of conflict. With Assad's regime still holding sway in parts of the country, there's no real, legitimate government partner with whom to work. And their path is riddled with unexploded ordinance, which is going off at the rate of, roughly, three dozen per day.
The shelters they sleep in at night shake with the dropping of bombs each and every day. And yet, somehow, because of their commitment to others, they wake up the next morning and they do it all over again. These are the heroes that we hold high this World Humanitarian Day.
People like Iraq's Salam Muhammad. When Anbar and Kirkuk were liberated from ISIS at the end of last year, humanitarians were the first ones on the ground, providing food, water, and medical care. Iraq staff with the U.S.-funded NGO spend their days clearing mines and educating their neighbors about the dangers the ordinance poses.
Salam decided to joint this particular NGO after witnessing several tragedies that left some of his relatives and friends injured, or killed. He was one of the NGO's first recruits in Iraq. Every day is challenging for the de-miners; any accident can be fatal. But Salam and his staff love their jobs and show up for work every day filled with passion because they know what they're doing matters.
There's Jay Nash, a regional adviser who has lived and worked for USAID in the Democratic Republic of the Congo for the past 20 years. The DRC is, as you know, no stranger to aid worker attacks, with 210 people being killed, wounded, or kidnapped since 2000.
In 1999, while visiting a university in the DRC, Jay was ambushed by a mob of students who thought he was a spy for neighboring Rwanda. The mob torched the U.S. embassy vehicle he had been driving, but Jay escaped after a group of brave students made a ring around him, guarding him until they were able to duck him into the girls' dormitory.
Sitting in that dorm, trapped for hours with a mob threatening to break down the doors, Jay said he had one thought: he thought of the children with disabilities that he was helping in his free time. DRC has a higher than average rate of disability. And he thought to himself, if he died in that girls' dorm, who would take care of those kids?
After eight hours, he made a run for it, and he didn't look back. Not only did he stay in DRC working for USAID, in 2001, he started his own NGO called StandProud. It provides treatment and equipment to young people with disabilities, helping them gain dignity, mobility, and independence.
There's Fareed Noori, one of the victims of last month's attack on a government building in Jalalabad, Afghanistan. The blast killed 15 people. Fareed had been working in Afghanistan since 2010 for a USAID partner the International Rescue Committee, as a water, sanitation, and hygiene engineer. As his colleagues noted, whenever there was an emergency, Fareed was the first in the field to help with whatever was needed.
Fareed was in an emergency meeting at the time of the attack. He was killed doing the work of helping others, to which he had committed his life. Fareed leaves behind four children, two girls, two boys, all under the age of 9.
Another victim of that attack was Bakhtawara; it's a pseudonym, a bright and impressive 22-year-old woman. She was working for the International Organization for Migration, another USAID partner. She had married very early and had a child by the age of 16. But, despite being a young mother in a conservative community, she fought for her education and learned English. After school, she knew she wanted to help people. She convinced her family to let her, not just get job, but get a career as a humanitarian.
When her husband was killed in a bombing three years ago, she continued working as a 19-year-old single mother. Her job took her to the very government offices that were often targeted by insurgents. On the day she was killed, she was attending one of the meetings that she had hoped would help her find better ways to deliver aid to people in need. The building was bombed and then overrun with gunfire. She died doing what she focused her life on, helping people build a brighter future.
Extremist insurgents in Afghanistan like to target these workers. There's a special place in hell...
There's the story of the seven aid workers killed in South Sudan in March of this year. They were killed when their car was ambushed along the 185-mile route of the badly rutted roads in South Sudan's remote east. Their vehicle had been labeled as belonging to an NGO right down to the license plates. It didn't matter. Six of the seven worked for a small Sudanese NGO called the Grass Roots Empowerment and Development Organization, GREDO, which is supported by USAID and worked to promote sustainable development at the grassroots level.
Three of the victims were helping to build a youth center. Two taught English. One was also a driver and the father of a newborn. Three were new recruits. Humanitarian heroes, one and all. And there were thousands of others. And I stand in awe of what they do.
Final thoughts. Why do they do it? What causes them to go out and take these risks? I learned the answer, and (inaudible), when I visited Bangladesh and Burma with Secretary Pompeo earlier this year. In Bangladesh, I went to a Cox's Bazaar, and I saw the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya who are barely surviving in that camp.
They are vulnerable to monsoons and cyclones and without the humanitarian workers, life would be very different. It's bad enough already.
And then I went to Burma, and I travelled to an IDP camp near Sittwe. And what I saw there was the most disturbing thing I have ever seen in development. I saw young families trapped. I saw young families unable to go to school and completely dependent upon the emergency food assistance that we provide.
So, those workers take the risks because they are all that is standing between an even worse catastrophe and death in these young people, these victims. Today we celebrate them. Thank you.
MODERATOR: Thank you. (inaudible) I'm also the director of the Humanitarian Agenda, as Dan mentioned, which is what this event is a part of, it's a new partnership as as we have this conversation. Firstly, I want to ask you -- well, one, congratulations; it's been about a year now since you've been appointed, and you've been back one year? So, happy anniversary.
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Pretty close. Thank you -- ask my staff.
MODERATOR: (inaudible) We're all very happy that you were chosen to be in this position because, as Dan alluded to, your deep background in international developments. One of the things that you said a lot in this position is talking about, "The purpose of foreign aid is to end the need for its existence." It's one of your key messages that we hear time and time again. So, I want you to elaborate on sort of how that squares with humanitarian assistance. Right? There's a big difference of international developments for, you know, economic growth and being self-reliant. But humanitarian assistance is so often, as you mentioned, driven by tyranny and regimes, and it's about saving lives. So, how do you marry those two?
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, first off you're right. What I've said since the day that I was first announced is that the purpose of our foreign assistance must be ending its need to exist. And what I mean by that is, we should look every day at ways of helping people take on their own challenges. Not because we want to do less or walk away, but because we believe in human dignity, and we believe in the innate desire of everyone -- every individual, every family, every community, every country -- to want to craft their own bright future.
In the area of humanitarian assistance, what I always say is, look, we will always stand with people when crisis strikes because that is who we are, that is in the American DNA. But at the same time we'll also look for ways to foster resilience so that we can help countries and communities withstand future shocks. And we've seen promising results in places like Ethiopia. You mentioned on the food security front, Ethiopia's a country that's had six consecutive years of drought and yet not falling into full famine. And that obviously is about much more than the work we're doing, but I think we're making a difference in helping Ethiopians build their ability to withstand consecutive years of drought.
So, I see the two as fitting very well together, and the other piece to it is, on the humanitarian front, again, we have natural disasters and man-made disasters. The man-made disasters are coming at us fast and furious. It's also about preventing the next generation of crisis and conflict. I'm often asked what it is that keeps me up at night, and what keeps me up at night are our children being born in camps, and growing up in camps, and getting educated in camps. And when, God willing, the walls come down and the gate opens up, the question is, are those young people going to be prepared to take on the challenges of the world? Are they connected to the communities around them?
And so with the humanitarian work that we do in many of these places, it's really aimed towards the future. And so I think it fits in well; it's a longer term of view, but I see them -- really is all going in the same direction.
MODERATOR: I'm actually headed out to Nigeria in a few weeks and doing some research looking at Feed the Future portfolio there, but really looking at the nexus between that humanitarian and development assistance, you know, how that would work in an unstable environment. So, I'm anxious to see what I learn from that as well. You know, the Trump administration has called for reduction, of course, of U.S. foreign assistance, but, regardless of that, the U.S. continues to be -- and dominate as the largest donor worldwide.
When you're talking to your colleagues in this administration, what is it that you talk about in terms of why it's so important for us to sustain this leadership? I mean, I could throw out numbers and I'll do a little bit.
In 2018, the U.S. pledged 29 billion foreign assistance. Five billion of that was dedicated to humanitarian assistance. I was looking this morning at how that compares to others, and, I mean, the UK -we're event twice what they do. So, you know, we're such a leader in this space. Why is that so important? Why should we dedicate American tax dollars or more importantly to cleaning up other people's wars?
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, first off, you're correct; we're far and away the world's humanitarian leader, and, quite frankly, two or three or four of them together don't really add up to what we're doing. We need other countries to do more because, with those challenges that I laid out, those man-made challenges, I don't see an end in sight, quite frankly, in any of them. So, these are open-ended challenges, and while we are proud to be the world's leader, we need others to step up to the plate. I will tell you, what I worry about is, because these man-made disasters, man-made, often regime-driven disasters, because they are open-ended, there's a real risk that it will begin to take up so much of our budget that it threatens our ability to do some of the development investments that we all want to do, including quite frankly, some of the resilience work that we want to do.
So, we do need others to step up to the plate. But in terms of, you know, what I say to the rest of the administration, it's not a hard cell, you know, pushing them to open a door. The administration is very supportive of our humanitarian work; we continue to be the world's leader; that's not going to change. And I think it's really -- the arguments for it fall on a number of different fronts. Number one, this is an expression of American values. This is who we are and always have been. It is a projection of the American spirit, in my view. So, I think that is very much alive and well in the American psyche, in the American DNA.
But secondly, it's in our interest. Just take for a moment the assistance that we're providing to Colombians, supporting Venezuelans who have fled the border, doing the same thing in some other countries. There is great American self-interest in supporting the ability of these communities to withstand this migration, to help afford some of those costs, because the instability that results from not being able to provide support, I think, is an issue, is a diplomatic issue, is a national security issue. And, as you heard me mention, I think particularly what is happening in the Western Hemisphere is completely underreported.
When I was at the Summit of the Americas, I heard from a number of countries, including Caribbean states, that they were starting to feel the presence of Venezuelans fleeing. And while they're all supportive of their neighbors, clearly it's not without a cost. But the same thing is true in many other parts of the world. So, the investments that we make on the humanitarian front are oftentimes in our self-interest. I look at the work that we're doing on the humanitarian front with an eye towards providing a lifeline so that those who've been displaced in parts of the Middle East can return. That's in our interest. That's a stated foreign policy priority. So, you know, yes, there is certainly -- I think the morality that we -- the expression of values that we've always supported. But I also believe it's in our interest and our national security interest.
MODERATOR: And thank you for reminding us in your speech about humanitarian heroes and what World Humanitarian Day is about. You talked about the unfortunate situation that in today's crises a lot of the time aid workers are targeted specifically. So, I want to ask you whether you feel like there's an erosion of international humanitarian law over, you know, that you talked about the evolution of humanitarian assistance. And so as the world gets more and more disorderly, we see more and more protracted conflicts. Do you feel that both governments and non-state actors alike are violating this law, and is there anything that we can or should be doing more I guess, particularly from the donor or U.S. government perspective, to hold them more accountable?
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Well, first off, we in the U.S. demand adherence to international law, international humanitarian law. So, we demand that unfettered access is provided, for example, in Rakhine, in Northern Rakhine in Burma. So, that's always been important for us. But if you're asking whether some non-state actors like ISIS are breaking international law, yeah. Having been to both Raqqa and Northern Iraq, what has been done there by ISIS is truly evil. There is simply no other word to describe what they've done: the desecration of graves, the desecration of churches, the disappearances of Yazidis. It's staggering and truly evil. Of course they are breaking every standard that we all know.
Yes, it is a challenge to international law; one of the best ways that we can respond is to say that, and to say it often, and to keep coming back to it. Because I do think the American opinion matters. And to say all across the political spectrum here in this country that we stand united and demand adherence to those standards and that what is happening is unacceptable.
MODERATOR: You brought up demanding unfettered access. I want to let our audience know that the Humanitarian Agenda will be going to the capitol this fall, and we're focusing specifically on the issue of humanitarian access. You brought up, of course, in Yemen, that's 70 choke hold points that David Miliband also talked about when he was here in Yemen -- in April on Yemen. I also want to say we're publishing a policy piece on Yemen here at CSIS that will come out this week.
I have many more questions, but I think we'll turn to the audience, so that we can engage them as well. So, if you have a question, please raise your hand. We will take it in rounds of threes, so announce yourself and where you're from. Please keep it concise, and at the end of it, there should be a question mark. So, who has a question? Yes, sir, right over here. Thanks, gentlemen.
QUESTION: I'll ask a real fast question, my name is Rob, I work for USAID, thank you, sir. My question is about the environment, I'm just back from the Congo, where Ebola is happening and I was just in Madagascar where there was a plague outbreak. A lot of the disasters you talked about have an environmental component, and we're doing some in the United States, but some people think we really need to do more, and that's a little bit against maybe some people in the administration, so I would love for you to talk about your thoughts about that.
MODERATOR: Great question. More? Let's do Julie Howard right there.
QUESTION: Thank you. Mr. Administrator, thank you for your comments. Could you comment on the recent story in the Washington Post about the potential pullback of $3 billion in foreign assistance funds and how that may affect our ability to respond to humanitarian as well as the resilience opportunities you described?
MODERATOR: And, Julie, will you introduce yourself for those that don't know you?
MODERATOR: Would you introduce yourself?
QUESTION: Oh, yes, okay. So, I'm a non-resident senior adviser here at CSIS, thank you.
MODERATOR: Julie and I are also going to be travel partners when I go to Nigeria. It's actually Julie that is leading that study. Let's take one more question right back here. Yes, thank you.
QUESTION: Hi, my name's (inaudible) a reporter from Voice of America. There are a number of humanitarian assistance and also food aid to North Korea spended by the United States Government. What are the key principles that all the United States Government providing assistance to North Korea and under which scenario can assistance to North Korea be resumed?
MODERATOR: Thank you.
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Sure.
MODERATOR: Easy questions, right?
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: On North Korea, simply put, there have been no discussions that I'm aware of regarding assistance into North Korea. I certainly haven't been part of any such discussions.
Secondly, on the pullback, while we haven't received official notification of anything, I've heard of nothing that would change our status as the world's leader in humanitarian assistance. I haven't seen anything. Third, on -- first off, it's interesting that you visited Ebola country and you talked about conservation, because their linked, obviously.
I think that's one of the reasons we've seen the outbreak of Ebola in other formerly, entirely rare diseases in some of the areas where we've seen deforestation and such. What we're trying to do at USAID, many of you are aware, we're developing metrics that are aimed at helping us to better understand a country's capacity and commitment in a number of sectors, and conservation's one of them.
So, we're looking at things like biodiversity and how resources are managed, because we think it's important, and it's something that we hope to be able to incentivize in the future and have conversations around. I have a personal interest in the conservation front and as you know, we recently made some announcements regarding assistance to Colombia and helping them in their natural resource management. So, I think it's an important area that shouldn't be divorced from the rest of development.
We think it is one of those key areas that needs to be assessed and looked at as we help countries, in what we call, as you know, probably ad nauseam as I talk about the journey to self-reliance. One of those areas is, in fact, conservation, biodiversity, and the capacity to manage resources.
MODERATOR: Let's take another round of questions. Raise your hand high. Joel?
QUESTION: Joel (inaudible) from Norwegian Refugee Council, thank you Administrator Green for your excellent remarks. I'm afraid I have to follow up on the rescission question. We're not going to let you off so easily.
What's been reported is that there's going to be a cut of a billion to UN peacekeeping operations, and that has the potential to not only disrupt work in South Sudan and Somalia and the Congo, but it also has the potential to disrupt, through further chaos in refugee flows, neighboring countries that we care about that are our allies, such as Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, and so on.
I guess -- the argument is that, even if USAID itself doesn't lose funding or doesn't lose out through the rescission, the work will lose out, I feel, if this really goes ahead. So, if you could just offer more thought on -- I mean, you said you're pushing on an open door when it comes to international work, and, honestly, it's not always obvious to see that from the outside. Thank you.
MODERATOR: Thanks, Joel. Let's do these two right here in the front, Haley, yep.
QUESTION: Thank you. Hi, good morning. Nicole (inaudible), I'm a senior associate here at CSIS. Thank you, Administrator Green, for your great comments. You mentioned briefly -- you touched on young people and so, given the disproportionate (inaudible) of people in these countries and how often humanitarian crises can disproportionately affect children and young people, can you talk a little bit more about some of the focus that you're keeping in these initiatives and on the work that you're doing to remedy the situation for youth? Thanks.
MODERATOR: Great, and I think there was a question right behind you if there still is, yeah.
QUESTION: Hello, my name is Jessica (inaudible), and I'm a Jeane Kirkpatrick Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. You mention in your remarks about the man-made nature of a lot of the ongoing conflicts, and I was wondering if you could speak to USAID's role not only in providing humanitarian response in that context, but also the active role that the agency is taking in countering and preventing ongoing violent extremism.
MODERATOR: Great question.
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: That's a great question. Joel, on the budget front, I really don't have much more that I can provide. Part of it is I'm not attempting to duck, I just literally don't have more, I'd refer you to OMB quite frankly. But again, you know, they is simply looking at the numbers of the last year and what we're doing on the humanitarian front. There is simply no argument that we have backed away from our role as the world's leading humanitarian assistant. Just objectively, we are far and away the largest humanitarian donor.
We're the largest humanitarian donor in Syria; we're the largest humanitarian donor in conflict after conflict. I do think it is fair for all of us to talk about how it is that these resource needs can be met in the future. I don't mean just the immediate future, but the open-ended nature of these conflicts and this instability and this displacement is staggering.
It is what worries me, because these conflicts that we're seeing -- South Sudan; Yemen -- you and I have talked about Yemen a great deal in recent months. It's open-ended, and I do worry about that. I do worry about our ability to meet resource needs and, you know, the world meeting these resource needs. They're significant.
On the question of young people, particularly in displaced settings, we are looking at a number of ways of accelerating crisis situation education, conflict community education. We've received generous support from Congress, along with generous directives from Congress, in the area of education. What we've been trying to do, and Congresswoman Lowey has long been a great leader on this front, is to try to make sure that we are able to prioritize these crisis needs, and I do think that it's a crisis. It does worry me a great deal.
So, we're looking at some of the use of innovative technologies to see if that can help us in these settings, but it is a very focus and as we develop our basic education strategy going forward, I think you'll see a particular focus on those areas, because it is, as you suggest, very important for the future.
In terms of preventing violent extremism, we have, as you know, an important role under the National Security Strategy. We are investing in trying to identify the drivers of violent extremism.
One of my strong beliefs that comes, actually, from my time at International Republican Institute is that we shouldn't jump to conclusions and try to draw global assumptions and lessons. Instead, we need to look at local drivers. Experience shows us that it's often local drivers, community drivers that become flashpoints for extremism. And so, we're certainly investing research there, and some of the preventative tools that are there; from my days as an Ambassador in Tanzania, I often point out that after the terrible bombing, embassy bombing, the work that we did with our Tanzanian partners in the wake of that, to take on some of the drivers of poverty and despair, I believe was an important down payment for preventing violent extremism. So, I'm a big believer in tackling those drivers and tackling that which can lead to despair. So, that will always be a key part of our work.
MODERATOR: Mr. Green, at Davos this year, you talked about the importance of tapping into the creativity of the private sector, and how innovative financing mechanisms and other innovative technologies can really create better development outcomes. In your speech today, you talked about the Humanitarian Grand Challenges. Are there any specific companies or partnerships or technologies that you're most excited about right now. The things that you see that are happening in the field, you've been in in this career -- I mean, you've had a career for decades that are all related to development --
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Don't say decades.
MODERATOR: Okay, sorry -- you're very young. The last year that you've been an administrator, what are the -- what are the cool, new technologies that we should know about, that are out there, that the mainstream audience has no idea how we're delivering (inaudible) humanitarian assistance?
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Yeah, I mean, to be honest, there are countless. During global innovation we -- which we had last fall, whenever it was, and I had a chance to walk through the marketplace at the Ronald Reagan Building, and take a look at some of the innovations. Everything from lunchbox-size solar batteries allowing us to power work in refugee and displaced persons camps to some of the weather forecasting stations that are created with 3D printers. You go through there and it's extraordinary. And it fills you with great hope for our ability to reach out and touch more people in more settings than ever before. In the area of financing -- we announced in India last fall, the world's first Development Impact Bond for maternal and child health, and the largest development impact bond of its kind. So, what we did through that is to set outcomes that we needed to see in order to repay the investment, but in terms of the means, we turn the private sector loose.
And in the follow-up conversations that we had, you can see that our partners, some of whom are based here in D.C., were terribly excited. Because for the first time they didn't have us micro-managing each step along the way, but saying, "Look, these are the outcomes that we need, you go get them." And really tapping into the private sector, nonprofit and for-profit. Also, in the area of displaced communities on World Humanitarian Day, the use of biometrics to establish identification of refugees and IDPs as well as some of the digital technologies for delivering resources -- assistance so that recipients have modest purchasing power in surrounding communities, thereby not only providing assistance, not only holding onto human dignity and allowing them to make some decisions, but also providing a tangible benefit to those host communities which are often placing a disproportionate burden by those who are there. So, it -- it's really using business principles, human nature, and I'd like to say there are new technologies, but my kids will tell me very quickly they're old technologies, just new to someone like me. Tapping into these, I think, creates enormous, enormous hope for reaching into places we haven't before.
MODERATOR: I want to continue on that "hope" trend for a minute. So, you know, when you think about the crises, many of which are located in Syria, Yemen, in South Sudan --
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Is that the whole part?
MODERATOR: Now, I know. Well, this is where I'm kind of heading with this. Is there a crisis that you have your eyes on that you do see any reversal in terms of reversal trends, or any progress? Is there a place that you do think we're going to be able to see some positive outcomes in the next -- I should say decade there, because I know it takes time. But is there one that you see not going the wrong direction?
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Oh, sure. There are lots of promising stories. I think Ethiopia and Eritrea provide tremendous hope. One of the challenges, again, as an old democracy guy, one of the challenges that I saw was the enabling environment, for civil society and NGOs in a place like Ethiopia, and with the transition to a new government, we're having conversations that we didn't have before, in ways that I think will be very helpful. Also, I think that their willingness to partner with us more and more will help us make some investments in those areas -- in those resilience areas that will not only help Ethiopia and Eritrea, but also, quite frankly, I think will save us money in the long run. So, there are lots of stories like that, I think all around the continent of Africa and elsewhere. But there are -- every hopeful story is replaced by a new challenge. None of these challenges are inevitable, as problems. But they do require us to be innovative. They do require us to be engaged, they do require us to invest up front, and to be innovative in those procuring methods and how we partner. All of those things need to be done if we're going to turn -- either prevent the challenges from becoming crises, or turn problems into solutions.
MODERATOR: Thank you. I lived in Ethiopia for three years, and I have to say it's quite exciting to see the change that's happening there. I'd like to just turn it onto -- are there any more burning questions? No hands are shooting up; let's do one more right here in the front.
QUESTION: Hi, this is Chris (inaudible) with the State Department. Thank you so much for your leadership of USAID and development. I have a question regarding the nexus between humanitarian assistance, you've been mentioning the nexus with conflict development stabilization -- how does humanitarian assistance fit in, or is it just a one piece element that is disassociated from political issues?
MODERATOR: Great, and as you answer that and any other final remarks you'd like to make as well.
ADMINISTRATOR GREEN: Sure. Thank you and again, thanks to all of you. So I think from the National Security Strategy, you see -- also the Stabilization Assistance Review, you see, I think, a clear multi-agency, multi-department approach to many of these challenges. Our relationship with the State Department is as close as it's ever been. I've received nothing but support and affirmation from Secretary Pompeo. We are working, as you know, closely because all of these challenges touch each of us in different ways and we each have different capacities.
You know, I think it's probably never been more clear than in a place like the Burma-Bangladesh crisis. So, you know, when Rohingya in one place their IDPs and when they're in another place, they're refugees, and then of course we all look at that and say, "forget the labels, they're people who we need to help out," and invest in, and so we do. Also, I would say that both State and AID have as close of a working relationship with DoD as we've had in a very long time. As many of you know, we have a couple dozen detailees over at the Pentagon and the Combatant Commands. DoD has made it clear that they don't want to do what we do or State does, and we certainly don't want to do what they do. So, I would think those seamless teams and close communications are helping us. And going back to the budget question, they have to; there's not enough money for duplication. There's not enough money for bureaucracy. We just have to stay in constant communication.
As to (inaudible) final remarks, I really would like to leave off with where my remarks, my opening remarks left off -- or left off. On this World Humanitarian Day, I would ask that we all think of those men and women who are in places in far places in world, in conflict zones, in fragile settings, day after day, delivering emergency medical assistance, food assistance, water and hygiene under the most trying of circumstances, difficult security situations. They do it because they care. They're my heroes. I'm sure they're your heroes. They are patriots. And what a wonderful expression of values and our priorities that with what they're doing each and every day. Thank you.
Source: Forced Migration Review, University of Oxford
Country: Afghanistan, Chad, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Ecuador, Eritrea, Germany, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Myanmar, Pakistan, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, World, Zambia
From the editors
When people are forced by conflict or other circumstances to leave their homes, they usually also leave behind their means of economic activity and subsistence. In their new location, they may not be able, or permitted, to work to support themselves. This has wide-ranging implications not only for people’s immediate earning capacity and well-being but also for community relations, economic development and the capacity of future generations to lead fulfilling lives. In our main feature on Economies, authors explore the complex interactions of the constraints and opportunities involved, drawing on case-studies from around the world and highlighting the roles of new actors, new technologies and new – or renewed – approaches.
We are also pleased to include two ‘mini-features’ in this FMR, one on Refugeeled social protection and one on Humans and animals in refugee camps. (See the back cover if you are interested in collaborating with FMR on a mini-feature – or a full feature.)
We would like to thank Karen Jacobsen (Tufts University) and Khalid Koser (Global Community Engagement and Resilience Fund) for their assistance as advisors to the Economies feature theme. We are also grateful to the following donors for their support of this issue: ESRC-AHRC (Economic and Social Research Council and Arts and Humanities Research Council) Global Challenges Research Fund, the Global Program on Forced Displacement of the World Bank Group, Mercy Corps, UNHCR Division of Resilience and Solutions (Livelihoods Unit) and the Wellcome Trust.
See www.fmreview.org/economies to access the magazine, its accompanying ‘digest’ and all individual articles. A podcast of each article is also available. FMR 58 will be available in English, Arabic, Spanish and French. For printed copies, please email us at email@example.com.
Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen
Education is lifesaving. Education is crucial for both the protection and healthy development of girls and boys affected by crises. It can rebuild their lives; restore their sense of normality and safety, and provide them with important life skills. It helps children to be self-sufficient, to be heard, and to have more influence on issues that affect them. It is also one of the best tools to invest in their long-term future, and in the peace, stability and economic growth of their countries.
Education in emergencies actions can help prevent, reduce, mitigate and respond to emergency-related academic, financial, social, institutional, physical and infrastructural barriers to children's education, while ensuring the provision of safe, inclusive and quality education.
In 2017, the EU dedicates 6% of its annual humanitarian aid budget to education in emergencies, one of the most underfunded sectors of humanitarian aid. In 2018, this amount will increase to 8%.
4.7 million girls and boys in 52 countries have benefited from EUfunded education in emergencies actions between 2012 and 2017.
Reunidos desde Sexta-feira na Suíça, os líderes da oposição do Congo Democrático anunciaram ontem ter escolhido um candidato único, o deputado Martin Fayulu, para enfrentar nas presidenciais de 23 de Dezembro Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, o delfim do Presidente cessante, Joseph Kabila, que constitucionalmente jà não pode brigar mais nenhum mandato.
Sagacious Confucius’ Pillow Elixir (SCPE) is a traditional Chinese medicine that is mainly used for cognitive impairment in aging; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Aging is one of the most important pathogenic factors leading to inflammation and pyroptosis in the hippocampus, which may be a potential mechanism in elderly patients with cognitive impairment. Here, we examined whether SCPE could improve cognitive impairment in SAMP8 mice by reducing hippocampal inflammation and pyroptosis. Seven-month-old senescence-accelerated P8 mice (SAMP8) received SCPE (2.3 g/kg/day; 4.6 g/kg/day; 9.2 g/kg/day) for 28 days. Cognitive function and morphometric examinations were performed followed by water maze testing, hematoxylin-eosin staining, Congo red staining, toluidine blue staining, and TUNEL analysis of hippocampal CA1 and CA3 regions. Escape latency increased and times across platforms decreased in SAMP8 mice; however, both of them were normalized by SCPE after 28 days. Aging caused significant pyroptosis in hippocampal CA1 and CA3 regions, as evidenced by neuronal degeneration and necrosis, amyloid deposition, and decreased Nissl body amounts after cognitive impairment, which were greatly improved by SCPE. SCPE reduced serum IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18, and TNF-α levels and reduced hippocampal NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, GSDM-D, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18, and Aβ expression. Thus, SCPE exerts an antipyroptotic effect in aging, mainly by suppressing the NLRP3/caspase-1 signaling pathway.
Download logo The Internet Society (InternetSociety.org), a global non-profit organization dedicated to the open development, evolution and use of the Internet and the Internet Service Providers Association (ISPA) of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) (ISPA-DRC.cd) launched a new Internet Exchange Point (IXP) in Lubumbashi that will bring faster and more reliable Internet access. An Internet Exchange […]
Del 2 al 11 de septiembre de 2019, el Hno. Roberto Genuin realizó una visita fraterna...
Kinshasa. Del 2 al 11 de septiembre de 2019, el Hno. Roberto Genuin realizó una visita fraterna a la Custodia del Congo. El Ministro General contó con la compañía del Hno. Kilian Ngitir, Consejero General para la CONCAO, la conferencia que reúne a las circunscripciones de África occidental.
Se trata de la primera visita que el Hno. Roberto realiza a dicha Custodia desde su elección como Ministro General. La finalidad principal fue tener un diálogo personal con cada hermano de la Custodia, escuchándolos y fortaleciendo el sentido del acompañamiento fraterno. Naturalmente, esta fue también una oportunidad para resolver algunos problemas relativos a la vida fraterna. La ocasión también fue propicia para ver el compromiso de los hermanos a nivel de la pastoral, de la formación y de los demás ámbitos de nuestra vida. Por este motivo, el Hno. Roberto visitó todos los lugares donde los hermanos del Congo están ubicados. Téngase presente que la Custodia general del Congo abarca un territorio muy grande, pues está constituida por la República Democrática del Congo (Kinshasa) y la República del Congo (Brazzaville).
En el Congo tenemos 10 fraternidades, de las cuales 6 son parroquiales, 3 son casas de formación y la restante es sede de la curia de la Custodia. Según las estadísticas, hay 53 hermanos de votos perpetuos, 16 de votos temporales, 5 novicios, 10 postulantes del primer año y 9 del segundo. Todo lo cual arroja un total de 93 hermanos, con los cuales pudo reunirse el Ministro General durante los diez días de su visita.
En las 10 fraternidades mencionadas, los hermanos trabajan en diferentes áreas. Los hermanos atienden las parroquias de San Gonza, en Kinshasa; de Santa Isabel, en Gemena; del Sagrado Corazón, en Bwamanda; de San Felipe Neri, en Zongo; de San Padre Pío, en Brazzaville; y la de San Francisco de Asís, en Pointe-Noire. Otros hermanos trabajan en las escuelas primarias y secundarias, con diversas funciones, tanto en la dirección como en la enseñanza. Así, por ejemplo, en el Instituto Bongisa, la Ecole Privée y el Instituto Superior Lendisa (para la formación de los catequistas); instituciones ubicadas en Bwamanda. Otros hermanos trabajan en diversas universidades e institutos superiores de Kinshasa: La Universidad de San Agustín, la Universidad Católica del Congo, la Universidad de Pedagogía Nacional, el Seminario Mayor San André Kaggwa de filosofía, el Seminario Mayor San Juan XXIII de Teología y el Instituto Superior de Pedagogía Católica. El Ministro General pudo visitar también algunas de estas instituciones.
A pesar de que las fraternidades se encuentran muy alejadas una de la otra, el Hno. Roberto ha utilizado todos los medios de transporte para reunirse con los hermanos: ha llegado a ellos por avión, buque o automóvil. En medio de tantos viajes, fue el amor a los hermanos aquello que le permitió mantener la serenidad.
Ha sido en Kinshasa donde los hermanos de la Custodia General del Congo hemos tenido el honor de contar con la presencia del Hno. Roberto para celebrar el primer aniversario de su elección como Ministro General de la Orden. Durante los días de su visita, hemos experimentado que su presencia fue una bendición para nuestra Custodia. Gracias al Ministro General por la visita y al Hno. Kilian Ngitir por su acompañamiento. Los hermanos de la Custodia General del Congo os llevaremos siempre en nuestros corazones y en nuestras oraciones.
easiest way to contact me is through whotsapp.
Friendly male and female Congo African grey parrots. Hand-reared African Grey Parrots available now. All parrots are cuddly-tame and used to being around small children and busy household. We hand-rear all our baby Greys in small clutches so that each one gets lots of human attention at a very early age to ensure that the parrots are completely tame and easy to handle so they can have a wonderful life with their new mum & dad. All are weaned on seed mix and fresh fruit and veg. I only let my birds go to their new homes when they are able to eat and drink independently and am sure that they are ready for the big move.
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Sentence is longest in court’s history and includes first ever conviction for sexual slavery
A warlord responsible for mass murder, rape and abduction in the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been sent to prison for 30 years – the longest sentence the International Criminal Court has ever given out.
The punishment handed to Bosco Ntaganda, 46, on Thursday was immediately welcomed by human rights activists.
THE HAGUE — The International Criminal Court sentenced former Congolese military leader Bosco Ntaganda on Thursday to 30 years in prison for atrocities including murder, rape and conscripting child soldiers. Ntaganda, 46, was found guilty in July on 18 charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity for acts committed when he was military chief […]
Cardiovascular risk factors in sub-Saharan Africa: a review
Manuel Monti1, Maria Pia Ruggieri2, Giovanni Maria Vincentelli3, Fernando Capuano4, Francesco Rocco Pugliese5
1 Emergency Department - AUSL UMBRIA1 Assisi (Perugia) Via V. Muller 1, Assisi (Perugia), Italy 2 Emergency Department - San Giovanni Hospital Rome 3 Emergency Department - Fatebenefratelli Hospital - Isola Tiberina Via Fatebenefratelli 1 Roma 4 Antel National President Rome 5 Head of Emergency Department - Pertini Hospital Rome
Background: Ischemic heart disease is increasing dramatically in the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), owing toincreasing prevalence of risk factors, and to some characteristics of the African people that make the African population subject to the effects of major cardiovascular risk factors. The pace and direction of economic development, rates of urbanization, the changes in life expectancy, associated with different pathophysiological factors are causing an increased rate of atherosclerotic disease in these countries.
Results: In the next twenty years, the prevalence of ischemic heart disease in SSA will increase, due to increasedrisk factors,especially hypertension, diabetes, overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, tobacco use and the dyslipidemia, mainly due to an increase in urbanization. Moreover, thanks to new knowledge, it has been pointed out the difference of individual risk factors in the African population and other populations due to genetic differences. It is estimated that age-standardized approach for ischemic heart disease mortality rates will rise by 27% in African men and 25% in women by 2015 and by 70 and 74%, respectively by 2030.
Conclusion: More research is neededin Africa to provide evidence for cardiovascular prevention and treatment to mitigate the oncoming epidemic. Healthinterventions are needed for prevent or reduce the morbidity / mortality need to be addressed in both children and adults, including modifiedscore of the risk stratification, starting early therapy and aggressive, if necessary.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a disabling growing epidemic that causes premature death and decreased quality of life. Globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), which include coronary heart disease (CHD), strokes, rheumatic heart disease (RHD), cardiomyopathy, and other heart diseases, represent the leading cause of death (1).Recent population studies demonstrate an increasing burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related risk factors in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) (2). Despite evidence to suggest that CVD-related mortality rates are increasing in the region, it is only now being recognized as an important public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa, with coronary artery disease shown to rise in incidence in sub-Saharan Africa(3-4) . Cardiovascular diseases are the main non-communicable conditions in SSA and now 9.2% of total deaths in the African region are caused by CVD (5) , being the leading cause of death in the population over 45 years of age (6) .Cardiovascular diseases account for 7-10% of all adult medical admissions to hospitals in Africa, with heart failure contributing to 3-7% (7) .When studies on urban and rural populations were analyzed, the prevalence of CVD was found to be higher in the urban than the rural population (8-9).
Behavioural risk factors
The important contributors to this transition are the so-called “globalization” of dietary habits and urbanization. Urbanization is the prime driver for nutrition transition and emergence of obesity, themetabolic syndrome and other NCDs in developing countries, especially SSA. The current average annual growth of the urban population in sub-Saharan Africa is 4.5%. Over the period 1980-2050, the urban population of Africa, as a whole, is expected to increase from 134 million to 1.264.000 million (10). The rural-to-urban migration in many of the developing countries exposes migrants to urbanized diets and lifestyle. Dietary changes associated with urbanization are related to the fact that rural dwellers tend to be more self-reliant in obtaining food and also tend to eat traditional diets that are high in grains, fruit and vegetables, and low in fat. Once they arrive in urban areas, these same people tend to rely more on external forces for sustenance, resulting in a shift from production of their own food to the purchase of processed foods (11).Major dietary changes include a large increase in the consumption of fats, particularly animal fat and added sugar and decrease in cereal and roughageintake (12). This involves major changes of the main cardiovascular risk factors between the two areas(13) (tab.1). There was evidence of a significant increase in edible oil, indicating a major change in diet; dietary changes include a large increase in the consumption of fats, particularly animal fat and added sugar, associated to the decrease in cereal and fiber intake(14) (Fig.1). In fact, recent global figures from the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that the prevalence of obesity is not just affecting the developed countries, but is also increasing in the developing countries, where over 115 million people suffer from obesity-related problems (15) .
Psychosocial factors increase the number of risk factors. Some studies have shown that the number of countries registering , in recent years, a rise in the number of households owning televisions and computers is directlyproportionate to the reduction in physical activities, contributing arise in obesity in children (16-17). Alcohol and tobacco smoking are risk factors towards heart failure, ischemic stroke, heart disease, and acute myocardial infarction (18). Many studies show how alcohol and tobacco use are related to poverty and low socio-economic positions. Rural areas inhabitants are highly affected by such habits, especially compared to the other risk factors, which are more common in urban areas(19-20) Smoking tendency is increasing among men and women in SSA, mainly in the age group between 30 and 49, with particular reference in women, increasing together with ageing (21). Furthermore, in many developing countries, psychosocial attitude toward obesity is not seen a negative factor (22-23). Mvo et al. and Puoane et al. reported that even if a large percentage of African women were overweight and obese, only a few perceived themselves so (24-25). Gambian populations were reported to be more obesity tolerant (acceptance of obese body size as normal) than African-Americans, and much more tolerant than white Americans (26) .Moreover, the double burden of under and over-nutrition presents a potentially grave situation, which should deserve more attention from both health and economic agencies engaged in development. While they continue to deal with the problems of infectious disease and under-nutrition, they are experiencing a rapid upsurge in disease risk factors, such as obesity and overweight, especially in urban settings. It is not uncommon to find under-nutrition and obesity existing side-by-side within the same country, the same community and the same household. Children in low and middle-income countries are more vulnerable to inadequate pre-natal, infant and young child nutrition. Simultaneously, they are exposed to high-fat, high-sugar, high-salt, energy-dense, micronutrient-poor foods, which is usually lower in cost but also lower in nutrient quality. These dietary patterns, in conjunction with lower levels of physical activity, result in sharp increases in childhood obesity, while undernutrition issues remain unsolved(27). Recently, the rise of obesity and cardiovascular risk factors were also seen in rural areas of some countries of the developing world. It has to be pointed out that many so-called rural areas are no longer genuinely rural: people are becoming more urbanized even in areas far from cities. This phenomenon, to some extent, is linked to the so-called "Remittance economy”. Migrant workers remittance led to a relative wealth, even in rural areas influencing some lifestyles (28).Such epidemiological transition is due, in part, to an improved longevity starting from the 1950s, so that more people are exposed to these risk factors, for long enough periods, to cause CAD. Globally considering risk factors, it has to be highlighted how the risk-factor burden experienced by blacks differs from that of whites. A recent study conducted in Ghana shows low median levels of cardiovascular risk factors and the prevalences of obesity, hypertension, dysglycaemia or diabetes, and dyslipidaemia were low too. The preponderance of moderately elevated levels of CRP was also low.However, the evidence has shown that younger patients (<55 years) were prone to a higher risk of atherosclerotic disease, which decreased ageing (29). Such difference, could be partially explained by the difficult collection of data about the actual incidence of risk factors among African population, which may lie in the complexity of conducting proper surveys in many countries, in order to perform an accurate risk stratification. In addition, women do not smoke or drink publicly, but it can assume that the women exhibit these behaviours privately in smaller proportions (30). Moreover there are some pathophysiological peculiarities in the African population, boosting an increased susceptibility to traditional cardiovascular risk factors.
The prevalence of hypertension among urban dwellers in SSA appears to be particularly high, ranging from 8–25 per cent. At the dawn of the twentieth century, high blood pressure was virtually nonexistent among indigenous Kenyans and Ugandans. Starting from 1975, high blood pressure became established in Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda (31-32). In December 2006, among the adults living in Addis Abeba, the prevalence of hypertension was 50.9% between males and 47.1% among females (33). In Cameroon the prevalence of hypertension among people aged 15-99 years in 2004 was 20.8%, a common issue especially among men (34). In Sub-Saharan Africa, age-adjusted hypertension prevalence and age-specific rates of death from stroke are higher among urban blacks than equivalent white populations (35). Yameogo et al showed resistant hypertension is common in black Africans, most affected subjects are people over 60 years old, with limited economic income and living in rural areas (36). Numerous studies have found that such population has an excess prevalence of salt sensitivity, hypervolemia, and low plasma renin activity (37-38).
In 2010, an estimated 12.1 million people with diabetes mellitus (4.2% of the global estimate of 285 million) were living in sub-Saharan Africa (39). The following year, diabetes prevalence rose to 14.7 million (4.02% of the global 366 million). By year 2030, a 90% projected increase in diabetes prevalence throughout SSA, skyrocketing the number of Africans with diabetes to 28 million. (39) The incidence of diabetes mellitus in IHD remains uncertain because many studies show that, among African population, the main complication of diabetes is the micro-angiopathies compared to Western countries, where the macrovascular complication is the most important (40-41). One common pathogenic mechanism for microvascular disease, is rooted in the chemical by-products of reactions between sugars and proteins occurring over the course of days to weeks, producing irreversible protein cross-linked derivatives AGE (42). The increase in AGE produces growth inhibition and apoptosis of retinal pericytes, also inducing an overproduction of endothelial growth factors and neovascularization, and chronic inflammation too (43-44). Such actions lead to an increased microthrombosis, capillary blockage, retinal ischemia and the activation of endothelial cells, responsible of important shortcomings involving mesangial cells and stimulating glomerular fibrosis (45-46). It has been suggested that, among black population, microvascular damage is due to a different genetic predisposition that stimulates the accumulation of AGEs with all the after-effects (45-46). The strong association between diabetes mellitus and hypertension among the African population, compared to the white population, worsens dramatically microvascular damage (47-48).
The phenotype of obesity, found among several ethnic groups in developing countries, appears to be different than among the Caucasian population. Several studies reported a correlation between visceral fat (VF) and insulin-resistance, rise of triglycerides, blood pressure and metabolic syndrome. Moreover, VF is correlated to all the conventional cardiovascular disease risk factors and with sedentary life-styles. VF might exhibit a proinflammatory adipokine profile, playing a pivotal role in coronary atherogenesis. The expansion of adipocytes with triglyceride is thought to be trigger the increased expression and production of inflammatory cytokines - such as TNF-α, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), IL-1β, −6, and −8, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and decreased expression and production of leptin and vasoprotective adiponectin. Furthermore, VF might exhibit a proinflammatory adipokine profile (49-50) (Fig.2). During the International Day for evaluation of abdominal obesity, a study, related to the waist circumference data, involving 63 countries, showed highest prevalence of visceral fat in SSA and South Asians, compared with North Europeans and other Asian ethnic groups (51). In fact, it was shown that a parity of average value of waist circumference and BMI in SSA, especially Nigeria and Cameroon, visceral adiposity is significantly higher than other populations (52). High percentage of body fat with low BMI value could be partly explained by body build (trunk to leg length ratio and slender body frame), muscularity, adaptation to chronic calorie deprivation, and ethnicity (53). Some studies also shown how the populations of SSA have an accumulation of visceral fat in other tissues where usually are not deposited (ectopic fat): this feature has the potential to affect insulin sensitivity (54) . A number of studies highlighted how African populations have a lower amount of epicardial fat than the white population: such matter is of considerable interest, as the epicardial fat is now considered an important emerging independent cardio - vascular risk factor (55) (Fig.3).
The markers of body fat distribution, including waist-hip ratio, abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat diner a heritable component, support the thesis of unique genetic variants associated with ectopic fat depots(56-57-58). Fox et al identified a single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNP) near the TRIB2 locus, which is associated with pericardial fat but not with body mass index or visceral abdominal fat (59). This is the reason why we must carry out studies in order to highlight, among the African population, the genetic variants responsible for the increase in visceral fat but not in epicardial ectopic. This would allow the identification of subgroups among the population, with BMI and amount of visceral fat compiling the standard, who are at greater risk of atherosclerotic disease (60). Other factors, such as genotype, could make the African population very susceptible to visceral fat. Among others genetics, a pivotal role is fulfilled by LOX-1, a type-II membrane protein belonging to the C-type lectin family. The LOX-1 has a crucial part in amplifying local inflammatory responses during atherosclerotic development (61) (Tab.2). The study performed by Predazzi showed a higher frequencies of two polymorphisms associated with the risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI), among the South-Saharan rural populations (61) Furthermore, it must be considered the identification of other deleterious alleles lying on CVD associated genes (GJA4, SERPINE1 and MMP3), which have a higher frequencies in African population in respect to Europeans. (62)
Several studies reported associations between the exposure to various infectious agents and the prevalent coronary disease(63-64-65). In 1891, Huchard was the first to suggest the involvement of infectious agents in the process of atherosclerosis. Subsequently, several reports shown a relationship between the development of atherosclerosis and the presence of infectious diseases (66-67). Several types of microbes are now also being implicated as possible causative agents in acquired CVD, and a few bacterial agents have been a research topic for several years. Organisms such as the spirochetes Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease) or the Treponema pallidum (syphilis), and flagellated bacteria such as the streptococci, have well-recognized atherosclerotic potential. Interest in the role of infection in atherosclerosis was renewed with the observation that patients with coronary artery disease were more likely than matched controls to have an elevated antibody titer to Chlamydia pneumonia (68-69). Multiple complex processes are involved in the development of CVD. The increased incidence of infectious diseases has highlighted the expression of proinflammatory immune system to survive up to older ages. Although the increase of the protein Cwas not related to an increase of atherosclerotic disease, other acute-phase reactants, including fibrinogen and serum amyloid A, appear to be associated with vascular risk.This selection of a proinflammatory status is confirmed by the higher levels of the proinflammatory cytokine, including the interleukin-6 (IL6) (70). The macrophage is a critical component in the pathway to atherosclerotic inflammation. During an infectious process causes the activation of macrophages, including the secretion of numerous factors (AGF; TGF; 1,2,4 FGF;VEGF). These substances stimulate the appearance of endothelial cells and are responsible for the creation of a systemic hypercoagulable state (71-72). In addition, mitogenic factors are released through an NF-Kβrelated mechanism, leading to smooth muscle cell proliferation and however there is an increase of monocytes through transendothelial migration at the level of the coronary (73-74). This means that the activated macrophages stimulate bothlocal lipid accumulation and the instability that presages plaque rupture (75-76-77).
Coronary Heart Disease
IHD remains relatively uncommon in SSA despite an increasing prevalence of risk factors but its incidence is rising. A study of the 1954 have evidenced by 3,500 postmortem studies in Ghana in which only three cases of CHD were found (78). In Uganda, the National Heart Institute at Mulago alone, currently receives at least 100 patients every day with 5-8 being new cases (a total of about 36,500 patients per year with 1,825-2,920 being new cases). In 2011,heart cases increased by 20% bringing the number to 12,000 with 256 new cases registered in January alone (79). The WHO estimated that in 2005, IHD caused approximately 261 000 deaths in the African region, and current projections suggest that this number will nearly 600.000 by 2030. It is estimated that age-standardized mortality rates for IHD will rise by 27% in African men and 25% in women by 2015, and by 70 and 74%, respectively by 2030 (80) (Fig.4). The increase in IHD in Sub-Saharan Africa since the 1980s is presumably because of the increasing prevalence among African populations of the classical risk factors for CAD, include hypertension, smoking, diabetes, abdominal obesity and dyslipidemia. In addition, as a result of developments in combating communicable diseases and a decrease in childhood mortality, life expectancy in Sub-Saharan Africa has risen since the 1950 and the number of individuals aged over 60 years is predicted to increase from 39 to 80 million by 2025 in SSA. This meaning that more people are exposed to these risk factors for long enough periods to cause CAD (81-82).
This review attempts to assess the prevalence, levels of risk and major risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease in SSA.This article answered specific research questions and hypotheses on issues relating to sedentary lifestyles, nutritional behaviours, knowledge on CVDs risk factors, and especially some of the key knowledge on the genetic differences between the African population and other populations. Among the socio-economic and behavioral risk profile study variables, the review documented a high prevalence of active smoking, high consumption of edible oil and fat, an increase in physical inactivity and current active alcohol usage. The economic and social important consequences of the CVD Epidemics in the SSA will be devastating. Important gene - environment can play a crucial role in the increased risk of the IHD of the African population. The detection and management of hypertension and diabetes are still unsatisfactory in inner city areas and show variations by ethnic origin. A priority should be the development of scores for the population of Africa, also using the emerging risk factors such as Calcium Score and visceral fat and considering genetic differences. Increasing burden of obesity, the metabolic syndrome, T2DM, and CVD in SSA has created an urgent need to strategize mass health policies and intervention programs to tackle nutrition and continuing efforts to manage undernutrition. There are two major approaches to prevention: public health / community-based and clinic-based strategies with a targeted approach to high-risk patients and combinations of these. There are concerns that in comparison with communicable diseases, cardiovascular and relatively chronic diseases have a low priority in the global health agenda and that requires this additional emphasis. Finally, we must consider, in the light of the differences between races, strategies for the control of CHD and stroke cushion adopted in European countries directed mostly to white rural populations may be inappropriate for the African population. In conclusion, evaluations must be performed carefully for correct risk stratification, the timing of initiation of treatment and the goals of the therapeutic treatment to be achieved in the African population. In addition, further evaluations should be done to perform a correct public health / community-based strategies targeted at risk factors, including decrease in taxes and prices of fruits and vegetables, more playgrounds, parks, walking and bicycle tracks, provide information to parents about nutrition (particularlymothers), the change of food policy through country-specific guidelines for healthy nutrition for adults and children.
Tab. 1 The main risk factorsof urban and ruralarea
25.8 ± 6.9
19.3 ± 3.2 *
85.2 ± 9.9
67.8 ± 9.9 *
0.88 ± 0.09
0.81 ± 0.08 *
Triceps skinfold (mm)
17.3 ± 6.8
9.8 ± 5.4 *
(BMI > 25)
p <0,001, ageand gender adjusted
Tab.2 Cellular effects of ligand-LOX-1
Cellular effects of ligand-LOX-1 interaction on atherogenesis
Endothelial cells Alteration of vascular tone
Increased intracellular oxidative stress
Induction of apoptosis
Induction of proliferation and angiogenesis by increasing VEGF expression
Increased expression of adhesion molecules (VCAM-1 , ICAM-1 , Selectins)
Increased expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1
Induction of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1
Reduction of endothelial nitric oxide synthase
Release of matrix metalloproteinases
Smooth muscle cells Induction of apoptosis
Monocytes Induction of monocyte adhesion and activation
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O pacote de mudança do projeto do Pacto Federativo, enviada na última terça (05) pelo Governo Federal ao Congresso Nacional, prever a junção de municípios com menos de 5 mil habitantes e com arrecadação baixa a municípios vizinhos.
De acordo com o Ministério da Economia, há atualmente 1.254 municípios que seriam incorporados aos vizinhos, de acordo com as mudanças propostas. O Estado da Paraíba possui, atualmente, uma grande quantidade de municípios com o números de habitantes inferior a 5 mil. Uma delas é São Domingos do Cariri, no interior da paraíba, com uma população cotada em cerca de 2,7 mil habitantes, segundo estimativa do IBGE.
São Domingos do Cariri, município do cariri paraibano - Foto: Divulgação
Segundos dados disponíveis pelo Sagres, a prefeitura e a câmara do município de São Domingos do Cariri obteve em 2019 uma receita de cerca de R$ 8,8 milhões e despesas de mais de R$ 10,5 milhões. Um déficit de cerca de R$ 1,7 milhões.
Ainda no cariri paraibano, o município de Riacho de Santo Antônio, que possui uma das menores populações do estado, quase 2 mil habitantes. Possui uma despesa de R$ 11,26 milhões ainda segundo o Sagres. Quase R$ 5 milhões apenas com os servidores municipais em 2019.
Riacho de Santo Antônio, uma das cidades mais pequenas da paraíba - Foto: Prefeitura Municipal
São quase 30% de municípios da Paraíba podem ser incorporado a municípios vizinhos, caso o congresso aprove o projeto que tem como objetivo restruturar a situação fiscal do Brasil com a diminuição do Estado. Entre elas, estão cidades como Congo, Prata, Coxixola, Caraúbas, Serra Grande, entre outros.
O Blog do Bruno Muniz conversou com servidores públicos dos municípios ameaçados, como da Prefeitura do Congo que acredita que o senso demográfico do ano que vem aponte que o município atingiu os 5 mil habitantes. A servidora da área administrativa também acredita que o projeto não tenha êxito no congresso, devido a pressão de prefeitos e deputados locais.
Em Parari, a cidade mais pequena da Paraíba, o salário do prefeito é de R$ 13 mil - Foto: Divulgação/Egberto Araujo
No Brasil inteiro, a estimativa do governo é que 1.254 municípios sejam extintos e junto cerca de 20 mil cargos, como prefeitos, vereadores, secretários, assessores e outros. Segundo a equipe econômica, a arrecadação desses municípios, em geral, não são suficientes nem sequer para manter o funcionamento da câmara municipal e da prefeitura.
Segundo ministro da economia, Paulo Guedes, houve nos últimos anos uma proliferação de municípios, criando desequilíbrios fiscais, porque há mais entes para que o dinheiro seja dividido. Em 1991, eram 4.491 municípios. Esse número subiu para 5.507 em 2000, 5.565 em 2010 e a 5.570, na estimativa de 2018 do IBGE.
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Les Congolais ont été surpris d’apprendre le limogeage de celui qui était le tout puissant chef de la police de Kinshasa : le général Célestin Kanyama. Il laisse derrière lui un triste bilan de sa gestion des manifestations publiques par la police nationale. Désormais, la police de Kinshasa est commandée par Elvis Palanga Nawej. Pourtant, il y a juste quelques jours, nul ne pouvait imaginer le général Kanyama être mis si…
En dehors des guerres et répression politique, l’autre spécialité de la RDC c’est le détournement des deniers publics. C’est tout un sport chez-nous. La fonction publique congolaise héberge des réseaux mafieux de fraudes organisées à tous les niveaux. Un jour, au cours d’une émission de débat politique consacrée au détournement des deniers publics en RDC, sur la radio Okapi, un éminent économiste congolais Michel Nsomwe défiait tout le Gouvernement congolais…
A Congolese rebel chief nicknamed the "Terminator" received a 30-year jail term from the International Criminal Court on Thursday for war crimes and crimes against humanity, the longest ever sentence given out by the tribunal.
Il Ministro Generale, fra Roberto Genuin, ha effettuato una visita fraterna...
Kinshasa. Il Ministro Generale, fra Roberto Genuin, ha effettuato una visita fraterna in Congo dal 2 all’11 settembre 2019. L’ha accompagnato fra Kilian Ngitir, Consigliere Generale per la CONCAO, la conferenza che abbraccia la parte occidentale dell’Africa.
Era questa la prima visita che il Ministro Generale, fra Roberto, faceva in Congo dalla sua elezione come Ministro Generale. La visita aveva come scopo principale quello d’incontrare ogni singolo frate della Custodia, parlare con ciascuno, ascoltare ciascuno nel senso dell’accompagnamento, che il Ministro Generale compie nei confronti dei frati. Ovviamente è stata anche l’occasione per risolvere certi problemi legati alla vita fraterna. Il Ministro doveva vedere l’impegno dei frati a livello della pastorale, della formazione e degli altri ambiti della vita in Congo.
In questo senso, fra Roberto ha fatto il giro completo del territorio dove sono i frati in Congo. Si tenga presente che la Custodia Generale del Congo è costituita dalla Repubblica Democratica del Congo (Kinshasa) e dalla Republica del Congo (Brazzaville). Quindi si tratta di un territorio molto grande da visitare.
In Congo abbiamo 10 fraternità, di cui 6 parrocchiali, 3 case di formazione e la curia custodiale. Secondo la statistica, i frati di voti perpetui sono 53, 16 i frati con voti semplici, 5 i novizi, 10 i postulanti del primo anno e 9 quelli del secondo anno. Un totale di 93 frati. Il Ministro li ha incontrati tutti nei dieci giorni della sua visita.
Nelle 10 fraternità visitate, i frati lavorano nei diversi settori di lavoro. Alcuni frati sono nelle parrocchie, come la Parrocchia di San Gonza a Kinshasa, la Parrocchia di Santa Elisabetta a Gemena, la Parrocchia del Sacro Cuore a Bwamanda, la Parrocchia di San Filippo Neri a Zongo, la Parrocchia di San Padre Pio di Brazzaville e la Parrocchia di San Francesco d’Assisi a Pointe-Noire. Gli altri frati lavorano nelle scuole primarie e secondarie, con diverse mansioni, quali la direzione o l’insegnamento come all’Istituto Bongisa di Bwamanda, l’Ecole Privée di Bwamanda, l’Istituto Superiore per la formazione dei catechisti Lendisa a Bwamanda. Gli altri sono nelle diverse università e negli istituti superiori di Kinshasa: l’Università di Sant’Agostino di Kinshasa, l’Università Cattolica del Congo, l’Università di Pedagogia nazionale, il Seminario Maggiore Sant’André Kaggwa di Filosofia, il Seminario Maggiore San Giovanni XXIII di Teologia e l’Istituto superiore di Pedagogia Cattolica. Il Ministro ha visitato anche alcune di queste strutture.
Pur essendo le fraternità molto distanti l’una dall’altra, Fra Roberto ha usato tutti i mezzi di trasporto per incontrare i frati: l’aereo, la nave, la macchina. È rimasto sereno pur tra tanti viaggi, pieno di amore per i frati. È in Congo, proprio a Kinshasa, che abbiamo avuto l’onore di celebrare il primo anniversario della sua elezione come Ministro Generale dell’Ordine.
In questi giorni abbiamo sperimentato che la visita è stata una benedizione per la nostra Custodia. Grazie al Ministro Generale per la visita e a fra Kilian Ngitir per l’accompagnamento. I frati della Custodia Generale del Congo vi porteranno sempre nei loro cuori e nelle loro preghiere.
J’espère que vous avez le cœur musclé, prêt à monter sur le ring. Car en lisant le roman de Blaise Ndala J’irai danser sur la tombe de Senghor, vous allez rentrer dans l’univers impitoyable de Kin, la ville des kinoiseries, avec ses fula-fula (ses taxis collectifs), ses proverbes qui ont du chien, son mépris pour le lingala de broussard, son Mobutisme mégalo, ses gardiens du peuple et le fameux combat du siècle entre Georges Foreman et Mohamed Ali.
Installez-vous dans l’ironie de cet auteur quarantenaire qui, de Kinshasa à Ottawa en passant par Bruxelles, cultive l’art d’être libre et multiple....
En République démocratique du Congo (RDC), la désignation des maires, des bourgmestres, des administrateurs de territoire et autres chefs coutumiers par certains gouverneurs crée des dissensions au sein de la coalition au pouvoir. Au sein de la société civile, plusieurs voix se sont également élevées.
Les juges de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) ont condamné Bosco Ntaganda à trente ans de prison. L’ex-milicien congolais avait été reconnu coupable de crimes contre l’humanité et de crimes de guerre le 8 juillet 2019.
Alors que les états-majors politiques, y compris au sein des coalitions au pouvoir ou d’opposition se déchirent en République démocratique du Congo, un collectif de sosies et imitateurs a décidé d’œuvrer pour apaiser les esprits. Cohésion nationale, c’est leur nom. Les anciens chefs de l’État tiennent le haut de l’affiche.
Dois secretários e um ajudante de ordens também estavam na aeronave. A comitiva seguiu para São Paulo no mesmo voo, segundo a assessoria de imprensa do governo do estado.
Um avião em que viajavam o governador Paulo Câmara (PSB) e secretários estaduais apresentou um problema técnico, nesta segunda-feira (4). A aeronave, operada pela companhia aérea Gol, fazia a rota entre o Recife e o Aeroporto de Congonhas, em São Paulo. Segundo a assessoria de comunicação do governo, a comitiva seguiu no mesmo voo.
Estavam no avião com o governador os secretários de Imprensa, Eduardo Machado, e de Desenvolvimento Econômico, Bruno Schwambach, e um ajudante de ordens, que não teve o nome divulgado. O voo 01557 estava previsto para decolar às 13h50. Segundo a Gol, o avião apresentou uma limitação técnica antes da decolagem.
O problema ocasionou atraso na decolagem, que ocorreu às 14h50, após todas as verificações. A Empresa Brasileira de Infraestrutura Aeroportuária (Infraero) confirmou a ocorrência.
O governo informou, ainda, que o motivo da viagem é uma reunião com empresários que têm investimentos em Pernambuco.
Por meio de nota, a Gol informou que "lamenta os transtornos causados por esta situação e reitera que tais medidas são para garantir a segurança".
Au sommaire : Stratexio : les ambitions du MEDEF sur l’internationalisation de entreprises République du Congo : un plan de développement 2018-2022 incoterms 2020 Dossier transport Agroalimentaire : l’export est […]
Le taux mondial d’extrême pauvreté est passé de 36 à 8,6 % entre 1990 et 2018, contribuant à l’amélioration du niveau de vie de centaines de millions de personnes. Les progrès sur le front de la lutte contre la pauvreté sont indéniables, mais ils n’ont pas été homogènes d’un pays à l’autre et tendent actuellement à marquer le pas.
Nombre de pays accusent un retard dans la réalisation d’autres objectifs de développement. Ainsi, deux personnes sur cinq dans le monde n’ont pas accès à l’électricité, une sur trois vit sans eau potable et une personne sur cinq souffre de malnutrition. Bien que les pays aient fait des progrès, on ne peut que constater que des problèmes de taille subsistent.
Depuis près de 60 ans, l’Association internationale de développement (IDA) n’a pas relâché ses efforts pour relever ces défis. Cette institution du Groupe de la Banque mondiale est chargée des prêts concessionnels : l'IDA octroie des dons et des financements à taux d’intérêt nul ou faible aux gouvernements des pays les plus pauvres . Aujourd’hui, dans un contexte de montée des vulnérabilités liées à l’endettement, les fonds de l’IDA soutiennent des investissements essentiels pour stimuler la croissance économique et aider les pays à surmonter les difficultés spécifiques auxquelles ils sont confrontés.
Avec l’appui de l’IDA, des pays sont parvenus à progresser même dans les environnements les plus difficiles. En République démocratique du Congo, l’IDA a contribué à la reprise économique en permettant aux agriculteurs d’accéder aux marchés grâce à l’amélioration des routes rurales desservant 715 villages, tout en créant 50 000 emplois dans les travaux publics, en faveur des jeunes et des femmes plus particulièrement.
En Afghanistan, les projets soutenus par l’IDA ont permis de produire 5 500 kilowatts d’électricité, de construire 850 kilomètres de routes et de fournir 63 millions de litres d’eau potable par jour, au profit de 4,5 millions d’habitants. En Haïti, avec l’aide de l’IDA, 640 000 enfants ont été vaccinés et 20 000 accouchements ont été assurés par des sages-femmes qualifiées.
L’IDA a renforcé son soutien aux solutions régionales et aide les pays à intensifier les efforts d’intégration en cours et à établir des collaborations pour de nouvelles initiatives internationales et interrégionales. Au Sahel, où elle est la principale source de financements, la Banque mondiale est bien placée pour réunir clients et partenaires à la recherche de solutions sur des problèmes de développement liés notamment aux dimensions régionales de la fragilité. Déjà en passe de doubler l’engagement triennal de 2,5 milliards de dollars pris dans le cadre de la précédente période de reconstitution de ses ressources (IDA-17), l’IDA prévoit d’accroître encore son soutien au Sahel pour porter ses financements à 6,5 milliards de dollars, sur la base des performances des pays.
L’IDA se distingue par sa capacité à être un chef de file fiable sur des enjeux de l’action internationale aussi divers que la lutte contre les déchets marins, la préparation et la réponse aux crises, la viabilité de la dette, l’égalité entre hommes et femmes ou le changement climatique.
Ainsi, l’IDA aide les pays à atteindre leurs objectifs en matière d’action climatique. Au cours des deux premières années d’IDA-18, l’institution a renforcé son soutien aux pays pour les aider à s’adapter aux conséquences des dérèglements du climat (7,8 milliards de dollars au total) et à améliorer les mesures d’atténuation des émissions (5,9 milliards de dollars). En outre, toutes les opérations de l’IDA font l’objet d’une analyse des risques à court et à long terme liés au changement climatique et aux catastrophes naturelles.
L’IDA s’appuie sur la force de l’ensemble des institutions du Groupe de la Banque mondiale — dont notamment la Société financière internationale (IFC) et l’Agence multilatérale de garantie des investissements (MIGA) — pour maximiser les ressources, l’expertise et les solutions en direction des environnements les plus difficiles. Il y a deux ans, les actionnaires de l’IDA ont innové en mettant en place un « guichet de promotion du secteur privé ». Ce dispositif doté de 2,5 milliards de dollars a pour objectif de compenser les risques et autres entraves à l’investissement du secteur privé dans les marchés les plus difficiles du monde en raison de problèmes de gouvernance, de cadres juridiques inadaptés, de marchés financiers restreints et d’infrastructures insuffisantes.
Il faut ajouter à ces innovations l’importance probablement toute aussi grande du mode opératoire de l’IDA. Axé sur les résultats et piloté par les pays, ce modèle d’action place les pays aux commandes de leur propre développement. L’institution réagit rapidement, avec souplesse, et veille à ce que les ressources qu’elle alloue aux pays répondent à leurs préoccupations et à leurs besoins les plus urgents tout en les aidant à mettre en place les institutions et systèmes nécessaires.
À l’approche de la conclusion du processus de négociation sur la 19e reconstitution des ressources de l’IDA (IDA-19), en décembre prochain, le message entendu est clair : l’IDA doit continuer à répondre de toute urgence aux plus grands défis actuels en matière de développement.
Avec nos partenaires, nous avons défini un ensemble de mesures très conséquent pour IDA-19, qui permettra d’investir dans la croissance, la population et la résilience des pays qui en ont le plus besoin. Avec ce programme, l’IDA s’engage sur une voie plus ambitieuse, fermement axée sur les résultats et les impacts, et tenant compte d’une demande accrue des pays emprunteurs.
Une solide reconstitution des ressources de l’IDA nous permettra de mieux soutenir les pays en ces temps difficiles. L’IDA bénéficie du soutien d’une large communauté de donateurs auxquels nous sommes reconnaissants de reconnaître l'utilité de ce partenariat et de contribuer à faire progresser le développement.
Au cours des Assemblées annuelles 2019 du Groupe de la Banque mondiale, des promoteurs de l’IDA représentant la Chine, la France, les Pays-Bas, l’Arabie saoudite, la Suède et le Royaume-Uni ont appelé à une reconstitution solide de ses ressources. Par ailleurs, les déclarations de soutien à IDA-19 (a) apportées par les États d’Afrique, du monde arabe, d’Asie du Sud et d’Asie du Sud-Est et Pacifique renforcent notre conviction qu’une IDA dotée de toutes les ressources nécessaires peut et doit faire davantage.
Philippe Le Houérou est directeur général de la Société financière internationale. Antoinette Sayeh est chercheuse invitée au Center for Global Development. Tous deux coprésident les négociations de la 19e reconstitution des ressources de l’Association internationale de développement, qui prendront fin en décembre 2019.
Nairobi, Kenya, Nov 6, 2019 / 05:01 pm (CNA).- Bishops in Africa have raised concerns about the agenda of the Nairobi Summit, a United Nations gathering being held next week, saying the meeting will be destructive to humanity and the values around human life.
Sponsored by the UN Population Fund and the governments of Kenya and Denmark, the Nairobi Summit marks the 25th anniversary of the Cairo Conference on Population and Development. It will be held in Nairobi Nov. 12-14.
Its program includes five themes, among which are “Universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights as a part of universal health coverage” and “Upholding the right to sexual and reproductive health care even in humanitarian and fragile contexts.”
Bishop Alfred Rotich, Bishop Emeritus of the Military Ordinariate of Kenya and chair of the Kenyan bishops' family life office, told ACI Africa: “We find such a conference not good for us, (and) destroying the agenda for life.”
“There will be about 10,000 people here and we know what they are for, they are not pro-life but they are 10,000 abortionists. They are practitioners of what is against life. Their coming here is to endorse a wrong policy,” Bishop Rotich stated.
The bishop described Kenya as a country “always open and ready and receptive to all manner of discussion and things,” and wondered why the Kenyan president has offered the country as a market where the pro-choice agenda can be be sold.
“We are looking at it from the African culture and we are asking the nation through the president, have we no values?” Bishop Rotich asked.
He continued: “What is the constitution saying about the respect of God? What is our interpretation, we as independent and sovereign nation? Are we aware of the enemy that is continually interfering with our tradition and culture of protecting life?”
He described the summit as an intrusion that is a “dragon against our agenda for life” and affirmed, “We must protect our borders, which (are) in this case the life of this country – now and in the future.”
Archbishop Martin Kivuva of Mombasa described the summit's agenda as “unacceptable according to our teaching of the Catholic Church” and, like Bishop Rotich, he cautioned president Uhuru Kenyatta to be wary of the forum.
“Be warned Mr. President, these (ICPD25 agenda) are the issues you should watch out,” Archbishop Kivuva said, adding: “We need to say no, we cannot take this.”
Referring to the organizers of the summit, Archbishop Kivuva said that “It is not the first time they are doing this, and they have a hidden agenda.”
“Remember most of this is about population reduction and yet in Europe there is zero growth yet they tell us we are many,” Archbishop Kivuva said, adding that the foreign organizers of the summit “tell us we are poor because we are many. That is a lie! We are poor because they took and still take our resources. Look at DR Congo, with all the minerals it should be the richest country.”
Bishop Charles Kasonde of Solwezi, chairman of the Association of Member Episcopal Conferences in Eastern Africa, described Africa’s population as “doing good” and “moderate”.
“In terms of population, it is poverty that drags us down otherwise as the population for Africa we are sparsely populated,” Bishop Kasonde of Solwezi told ACI Africa.
To counter the agenda of the Nairobi Summit, the Kenya Christian Professionals Forum, with the backing of Kenya's bishops, has organized a parallel convention to be held Nov. 11-14.
A version of this story was initially reported by CNA's sister agency, ACI Africa. It has been adapted by CNA.
In the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and specifically on the island of Idjwi in Lake Kivu, one group has been working to empower people who are often ignored by the international community. "Ensemble Pour La Différence" (Ensemble for short) describes itself as a "social business incubator that empowers entrepreneurs to help improve livelihoods and wellbeing across Eastern Congo". What this means in practice is that Ensemble, using various means such as business and financial support and design and technology, helps local actors in Idjwi (and beyond) with what they need to become independent and benefit their community.
Ensemble is also responsible for PamojaNet (Pamoja means 'together' in Swahili), a community-owned network for people living in Idjwi.
Since 2014, 24 businesses in the Eastern DRC have benefited from Ensemble's work. This includes the employment of 3,900 people and the distribution of 500,000 products and services. The businesses supported by Ensemble also generate USD 4 million in annual revenue.
The DRC has its fair share of problems, so much so that it has become associated outside of the country with chaos and violence. Lying just beneath the surface however, and often outside of the international spotlight, are groups of people creating genuine change.
In an interview with GenderIT, Chako Armant, a lead researcher at Ensemble, spoke about her work and the ongoing challenges faced by women in Idjwi in the struggle to expand community-based connectivity initiatives through PamojaNet.
Joey Ayoub (JA): Can you start by introducing yourself and Ensemble Pour La Difference?
Chako Amant (CA): My work consists of researching and implementing our projects in order to understand what our local partners need to go forward. As for PamojaNet specifically, Ensemble has installed this mesh of Wi-Fi networks on the island of Idjwi four years ago.
In addition to being a researcher, I'm also a journalist. As they say, "once a journalist, always a journalist". I am a member of the Association des Femmes des Médias, AFEM ("Union of Women in Media" in French) which defends the rights of women in media in every respect. So I have spent a lot of time with programs designed to raise awareness regarding the role of women in society. In addition to all of that, I am an economist, a mother of one and under 30.
JA: What do you hope to get out of these initiatives?
CA: My ambition is to see positive masculinity replace the current paradigm in all walks of life, whether within PamojaNet or in an office or a market or a village. Positive masculinity is accepting to see doors open for women for the benefit of all, instead of the backward thinking still dominating today's world. That being said, my immediate goal with PamojaNet is to show people what the internet's potential really is. I want to show people that through the internet they can get access to skills and even sell their products, that they can advertise themselves and make themselves more known. It's true that this takes time, but just letting people know is already a step in the right direction. I hope that through my work more women feel empowered to become more independent. That's what I hope will happen.
I want to show people that through the internet they can get access to skills and even sell their products, that they can advertise themselves and make themselves more known.
JA: Regarding PamojaNet, what was its purpose?
CA: Our goal was to open up the island as our research showed that its internet connectivity was very poor, including in schools and universities. Since then, many things have been done in Idjwi such as setting up a team-based there and installing antennas to expand internet coverage and allow us to work with local clients. These can include hotels or even just individuals who need their offices to be connected. We also created a cheap system for students and others who can't afford an internet connection. By this, I mean that we created a public office with local and international news displayed on a large screen, allowing residents to know what's happening in the DRC and around the world. Students can also know about their courses, exam results, and so on. It's with this in mind that Ensemble, both RDC and UK divisions, decided to join APC to have access to grants that allow us to do our work.
Expanding PamojaNet, as we told other groups in Kenya, is crucial because many people live far from the office and can't benefit from it. We've also been focusing on empowering women as that's still a real challenge. So for example I've been working with our local technician and, if all goes well, we will have a team of two women and two men in Idjwi soon to help people familiarize themselves with the internet. I'm also researching ways to improve our work more broadly and I'm planning on going to Idjwi to work with our new team to see what they need to improve their work. Furthermore, I'm planning on having a survey of the local population to see if they're happy with our work and if not to know how to improve it.
JA: Have there been any gender-related challenges so far?
CA: This was definitely a challenge when we started. Unfortunately there is still a strong gender gap in our country. And Idjwi in particular is a village where men are expected to be a priority while women are associated with childbearing and the household. Women usually don't have time to connect to the internet, so we did a radio show to raise awareness and show all the advantages that a community can get when women are empowered. We even distributed smartphones, mostly to women, which caused some tensions as we also had to talk to the men.
Women usually don't have time to connect to the internet, so we did a radio show to raise awareness and show all the advantages that a community can get when women are empowered.
JA: What's your preferred medium?
CA: We usually mostly use radio because that's the medium that's most used by the population, but these days that office in Idjwi is getting a lot of attention as well since we put up the large screen.
JA: And what language? The DRC is known for its multiple languages. How do you deal with that?
CA: It's a challenge. The dominant languages used on the internet are English and French but aren't really spoken in Idjwi as Kihavu is the main language. But Swahili is understood, which facilitates things as Google Translate has a Swahili option. As many women are illiterate however, we try to find ways around it. For example, they may use the audio version on Google Translate and find what they need in Swahili.
Swahili is understood, which facilitates things as Google Translate has a Swahili option.
So there are all these obstacles preventing women from empowering themselves, which is why we believe that greater access to the internet and an improvement in the infrastructure can greatly benefit them. This may take some time to get a large percentage of women to become independent, but our project so far has been promising. We shouldn't abandon, but instead continue to progress.
JA: But what about the ongoing conflict? Has that harmed your work?
CA: There's a security situation throughout the RDC, although it's true that the east, in particular, is badly hit. It can be dangerous to walk alone at night in Idjwi which definitely disturbs our work. That being said, these are sacrifices we know we have to make. So we do things like working from home or getting to our residence before it gets dark, so on. So yes, it can be complicated but we make the effort and try our best to adapt to the situation.
JA: What role can access to technology, and especially to the internet, play in empowering women?
CA: A very big role. Access to the internet provides a certain discovery of the world and with it a knowledge of international human rights, and of women's rights particularly. Women here don't necessarily know their rights. They're not used to their lives being framed in this way. With the internet they can go online and see what other women are saying. So through PamojaNet, we are able to raise awareness about women's rights, to both women and men, and give women the tools to empower themselves. When we do our workshops we don't only speak of websites like Whatsapp or Facebook, but we also focus on teaching the students how to do research. This allows them to find answers to questions related to their health, for example.
When we do our workshops we don't only speak of websites like Whatsapp or Facebook, but we also focus on teaching the students how to do research.
JA: In some ways, greater access to the internet removes the middleman, which traditionally has been men.
CA: Yes, exactly.
JA: You mentioned being a mother of one. Do you see your work as opening up the way for your daughter?
CA: Yes! She's my first student. When she will be old enough I will definitely teach her how to be independent.Here in Africa it's just a reality that gender norms are rather rigid. There are things that men shouldn't do within the household for example because it's what women should do. Girls have to be closer to their mother in the kitchen and boys closer to their father in the living room. In this context, internet for girls is seen as something they can explore make-up tips whereas for boys it's about finding jobs and understanding world politics. I hope that this changes in the near future. It's not easy.
Internet for girls is seen as something they can explore make-up tips whereas for boys it's about finding jobs and understanding world politics. I hope that this changes in the near future.
BEYOND MUSIC has unveiled the music video for “Our Colors” - an original collaborative song that celebrates global friendship and cultural richness, and includes nearly all of the 23 BEYOND MUSIC artists that participated in this first-of-its-kind new project. BEYOND MUSIC Volume One / Same Sky brings together 23 artists from 17 countries who have met and networked through the new online collaborative platform (https://beyondmusic.org) to create a definitive global music album, overseen and produced by 2019 GRAMMY Producer of the Year nominee Larry Klein.
"Our Colors" was created with the collaboration of almost all BEYOND MUSIC artists during the recordings of Same Sky at the prestigious "Studios La Fabrique" in France and offers a fascinating look into the recording process. It began with a string arrangement by Danish violinist Andreas Bernitt, who said the following:
"Meeting the other BEYOND MUSIC artists at Studios La Fabrique in France was a life changing experience - so much special multicoloured talent gathered in one place! I wanted to create something special, through which, we could all connect - and contribute with our different cultural and musical backgrounds."
Andreas invited the BEYOND MUSIC artists to play something on top of his string line to ensure all artists left their musical fingerprint on this song.
BEYOND MUSIC Founder Regula Curti and CEO Konstanze Wiedemann expanded on the song’s message: “The fundamental spirit of BEYOND MUSIC is unity in diversity. Music has the power to embrace everyone by honoring their culture, race, tradition and style. ‘Our Colors’ celebrates each musical expression, vocally or instrumentally, for its distinct and unique characteristics. By unifying diverse human sound colors makes music more brilliant and affecting.”
Tina Turner, Co-Founder and ambassador of BEYOND MUSIC said: “I see humanity in this way. By honoring each other’s ethnic, religions, and cultural backgrounds, we become stronger and happier, brightening the cosmic masterpiece of artwork that is our world.”
The songs on Same Sky were first created via BEYOND MUSIC’s online platform (https://beyondmusic.org) that invited musicians from all over the world to collaborate virtually and to go beyond their borders. Behind BEYOND MUSIC is the non-profit Swiss BEYOND FOUNDATION, which aims to bring together cultures of the world through music in order to foster mutual dialogue and respect. BEYOND MUSIC received 110 song submissions from artists from 48 countries and 55 genres, and selected 10 winning songs to be recorded for the first volume of what will be an on-going project.
Artistic Director and producer of the album Larry Klein assembled a top-class studio band, of all-star musicians session players including Dean Parks, Ed Harcourt, Adrian Utley, Manu Katché, Clive Deamer and Dan Lutz, who have collectively played with Sting, Peter Gabriel, Michael Jackson, Patti Smith, Stevie Wonder, Madonna, Radiohead, Portishead and beyond.
BEYOND MUSIC Volume One Same Sky featured artists:
Abdullah Alhussainy, Egypt
Beshar Al Azzawi, Iraq
Mariana Baraj, Argentina
Andreas Bernitt, Denmark
Heather Bond, USA
Moshe Elmakias, Israel
Danielle Eog Makedah, Cameroon
Brice Essomba, Cameroon
Sandro Friedrich, Switzerland
Sheryl Gambo, Congo
Jivan Gasparyan Jr., Armenia
Eduard Glumov, Kazakhstan
Mor Karbasi, Israel
Max Keller Music, Switzerland
Elly Kellner, Netherlands
John Lumpkin II, USA
Syssi Mananga, Belgium/Congo
Kane Mathis, USA
Kate Northrop, USA/Switzerland
Bijayashree Samal, India
Sasha Shlain, Russia
Ingrid White, Cameroon
Msafiri Zawose, Tanzania
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La Corte Penal Internacional (CPI) impuso este jueves una pena de 30 años de cárcel al exjefe guerrillero congoleño Bosco Ntaganda por crímenes de guerra y de lesa humanidad, lo que supone la sentencia más alta emitida hasta el momento por este tribunal.
Ntaganda era exjefe adjunto del Estado Mayor de las Fuerzas Patrióticas para la Liberación del Congo (FPLC) entre los años 2002 y 2003, y la condena es aún mayor que la recibida por el propio jefe de las FPLC, Thomas Lubanga, al que la misma corte le impuso 14 años de cárcel.
La sentencia de 30 años es la máxima en la CPI. Los jueces pueden imponer la cadena perpetua en los casos más extremos, pero el panel de tres magistrados que juzgó al exjefe guerrillero consideró que las condiciones para aplicar dicha pena no se cumplen.
El juez presidente de la sala, Robert Fremr, hizo énfasis tanto en la gravedad de los crímenes como en las consecuencias físicas y psicológicas sufridas por las víctimas de Ntaganda para justificar la condena.
“Sufrieron estigmatización y rechazo social”, dijo el magistrado, que puso como ejemplo el caso de una menor de edad violada por miembros de las FPLC cuyas heridas “tardaron meses en cicatrizar”, razón por la cual dejó la escuela y sufrió estrés postraumático.
La CPI no tuvo en cuenta ninguno de los factores que, según la defensa, deberían haber atenuado la pena, como el comportamiento del condenado durante el juicio o sus supuestos intentos para la desmovilización de sus tropas.
Ntaganda compareció con una corbata roja y una chaqueta azul, se levantó para escuchar la sentencia, tal y como es habitual en la CPI, no hizo ningún gesto cuando la escuchó.
Los magistrados descartaron imponer una multa, aunque las víctimas podrán reclamar indemnizaciones en unas vistas que se celebrarán próximamente.
El condenado deberá seguir encarcelado en el centro de detención de la CPI, en La Haya, debido a que la defensa ya ha anunciado que apelará la condena, explicó a Efe una fuente del tribunal.
En caso de que los jueces confirmen en segunda instancia la pena de cárcel, se estudiará en qué país podría Ntaganda cumplir el resto de la condena.
La orden de arresto contra él se emitió en 2006, mientras aún estaba en la República Democrática del Congo, y se entregó en marzo de 2013 en la embajada de Estados Unidos en Kigali, capital de Ruanda, para “establecer toda la verdad”, según dijo durante el juicio.
El pasado julio, los jueces declararon a Ntaganda culpable de todos los crímenes a los que se enfrentaba, entre los que se incluían el alistamiento de niños soldado, permitir abusos sexuales a menores de edad, asesinatos, persecución y ordenar ataques contra la población civil de Ituri, en el noreste de la República Democrática del Congo, entre los años 2002 y 2003.
Asimismo, fue la primera vez en la que el tribunal de La Haya reconoció la existencia de un delito de esclavitud sexual durante el conflicto en ese país.
El tribunal consideró probado que el exlíder guerrillero de 45 años, conocido como “Terminator”, fue el responsable directo de los crímenes de asesinatos y persecución, y perpetrador indirecto del resto de cargos.
La lectura de la condena reflejó la crueldad de los delitos de las FPLC, el ala militar de la Unión de Patriotas Congoleños, a pesar de que la segunda guerra del Congo (1997-2003) se encontraba en los últimos compases.
La mayoría de víctimas de las FPLC, dominado por las tribus hema, eran miembros de la etnia lendu que se vieron expulsados de Ituri, una región rica en minerales.
El proceso legal contra Ntaganda es el último respecto a la República Democrática del Congo juzgado por la CPI, después de la condena de catorce años de cárcel al jefe de las FPLC, Thomas Lubanga, y de doce años al responsable de otro grupo guerrillero, Germain Katanga. EFE
How long had you been investigating Ntaganda’s abuses?
I started documenting his abuses when I first moved to Goma in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo in 2008. Bosco Ntaganda was a member of the Rwandan-backed CNDP (Congrès national pour la défense du peuple – National Congress for the Defense of the People) rebel group, which committed countless atrocities against civilians. In late 2008, in the town of Kiwanja, north of Goma, Ntaganda orchestrated an attack where 150 people were killed over two days. For the next five years, I spent a lot of time covering his abuses, speaking to survivors who told harrowing tales of attacks they had survived. As part of a deal that was negotiated with the Congolese and Rwandan governments, Ntaganda was integrated into the Congolese army and became a general, commanding military operations in eastern Congo.
Later, after he created the M23, another notorious rebel group backed by Rwanda, he led attacks on many villages, summarily executing hundreds of people, and was accused of rape, torture, and forced recruitment of children to serve as soldiers in the group. We found that the M23 received support from Rwanda and we presented these findings to Rwanda’s donors. Some donors then suspended their assistance to Rwanda. This pressure was instrumental in Ntaganda’s surrender to the United States embassy in Kigali, Rwanda’s capital, in 2013.
When Ntagandarose in power, did you ever feel justice would never be served?
It was particularly tough when he became a general in the army. Many believed he was untouchable. It seemed he had no fear of being arrested – even with the International Criminal Court warrant out against him. When he lived in Goma, he lived quite close to me and I would see him drive by and around the town, going about his business and even playing tennis. At that time his troops still targeted rival groups, human rights defenders, and others who spoke out against him. They assassinated and abducted people with impunity.
Still, we and courageous Congolese human rights activists kept insisting that he be held to account. Diplomats and United Nations officials would wave us away, saying that he could not be arrested, or that he was too protected by his Rwandan backers and Congolese friends. But we did not stop.
When his own rebel group split, and his backers in Rwanda apparently decided to stop supporting him, Ntaganda knew his life was in danger – he had many enemies. He surrendered himself to the US embassy in Rwanda and asked to be transferred to the ICC.
Finally, he was brought to The Hague. It was inspiring for me to see Anneke van Woudenberg, former deputy Africa director at Human Rights Watch who had documented his earlier abuses in northeastern Congo’s Ituri province, testifying against him during the trial. She gave a detailed account based on the work we had done over many years, and all this documentation had finally led to something.
What does this conviction mean for the Democratic Republic of Congo?
It sends a powerful message that those who commit serious crimes against the people, no matter their positions, can be held to account. I hope it will play a role in deterring others who are still committing abuses against civilians in Congo and elsewhere. This might make security forces think twice before commanding forces to violate people’s rights, even during conflict.
Since his conviction, I’ve spoken to victims of Ntaganda’s crimes. Many of them have been forced into exile since they were threatened with more suffering if they dared to speak up. Although his conviction does not erase their pain, they are encouraged that he is being held to account.
The conviction comes as some 130 armed groups remain active in eastern Congo, and many continue to commit serious crimes. Abusive leaders can see what has come of Ntaganda and learn that they are not above the law.
His conviction however only covers his crimes in Ituri province in 2002 and 2003. Activists in Congo seek justice for all his crimes, including the numerous attacks he led in the provinces of North and South Kivu.
Video: Verdict on Former Congolese Warlord
The International Criminal Court’s (ICC) conviction of the Congolese rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda sends a strong message that justice may await those responsible for grave crimes in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Now that Ntaganda has been convicted and sentenced, what happens next?
Ntaganda’s conviction is historic. He is the first person convicted at the ICC for sexual slavery, as well as the first person convicted at the ICC for crimes of sexual violence committed against his own troops. This sends an important message.
Both Ntaganda and the prosecutor have appealed the verdict. Now he can appeal the sentence if he believes it too harsh for the crimes for which he was found guilty. Appeals proceedings will likely last several months.
The court is also discussing reparations for Ntaganda’s victims. This could include restitution and compensation to victims and their families, and rehabilitation. At this stage, the court is taking steps to facilitate and expedite the reparations proceedings. However, a reparation order can only be carried out once a conviction has been confirmed on appeal.
We hope Ntaganda’s conviction will carry a message to other warlords and serious human rights abusers that they understand they are not above the law, and even years after their crimes, they can be held to account.
Le sélectionneur national du Sénégal, Aliou Cissé a fait appel à Ousseynou Thioune le milieu défensif du FC Sochaux pour les deux premières journées des éliminatoires de la CAN 2021 contre le Congo et l’Eswatini, suite au forfait de Salif Sané. Cette convocation est peut-être venue à son heure puisque Thioune a réussi ses débuts […]
El brote actual de enfermedad por el virus del Ebola en las provincias de Nord-Kivu e Ituri se estabilizó en cuanto al número de nuevos casos la semana pasada (23-29 de octubre), durante la cual se registraron concretamente 19 casos confirmados, lo que equivale esencialmente a los 20 casos confirmados la semana anterior.
La chanteuse congolaise Céline Banza a remporté le Prix Découvertes RFI édition 2019. L’artiste a été choisie parmi les dix finalistes pour la qualité de ses mélodies et sa voix. Le jury 2019 était composé d’artistes Asalfo, Charlotte Dipanda, Tiken Jah Fakoly, Fally Ipupa, Josey, Angélique Kidjo et Youssou N’Dour, mais aussi des représentants de l’Institut français, de l’OIF, de la SACEM et de France Médias Monde.
La campagne de vulgarisation du nouveau code minier de la RDC a démarré mercredi 6 novembre à Kinshasa. D’après le ministre des Mines, Willy Kitobo qui a procédé au lancement officiel, cette campagne va s’étendre jusqu’au mois de juillet 2020 sur toute l’étendue du pays. Willy Kitobo estime que ce nouveau code minier vient renforcer l’autorité de l’Etat congolais et devrait être connu de tous.
Wabunge wa Kivu kaskazini, Beni, Lubero na Butembo wameiomba serikali ya Congo kutowashirikisha wanajeshi wa Rwanda, Uganda na Burundi. Na Mauritius itapiga kura katika uchaguzi ambao unabashiriwa waziri mkuu Pravind Jugnauth kupata ushindi mkubwa,
Le sélectionneur du Congo, Valdo, a retenu 22 joueurs pour les rencontres des éliminatoires de la CAN 2021, qui opposeront les Diables Rouges au Sénégal et à la Guinée-Bissau, les 13 et 17 novembre prochains. Le gardien de but Christoffer Mafoumbi effectue son retour.
La masacre de las familias LeBarón, perpetrada por “desconocidos” en una zona de la Sierra Madre Occidental, muy cerca de La Mora, en el pueblo de Bavispe, noreste de Sonora y muy cercano a sus límites con el de Chihuahua, deja más dudas que certidumbres, sobre todo cuando el líder de la comunidad, Julián LeBarón, campantemente, sin congojas, sin lágrimas por la muerte de sus familiares, reparte declaraciones a diestra y siniestra, campantemente, en radio y televisión, inclusive culpando del hecho a López Obrador.
De acuerdo con las primeras versiones de la masacre, detalladas por Alfonso Durazo Montaño, secretario de Seguridad y Protección Ciudadana, y por Joel LeBaron, el 4 de noviembre por la mañana salieron de la población de La Mora, municipio de Bavispe, Sonora, diecisiete miembros de la familia LeBaron: tres mujeres adultas y catorce menores de edad, hijos de ellas; todos en una caravana de tres vehículos tipo SUV. Dos de los grupos se dirigían al municipio de Galeana y el tercero, conducido por Rhonita María Miller, se dirigía a Phoenix, Arizona, a cuyo aeropuerto arribaría su esposo.
Fueron interceptados alrededor de las 13:00 horas tiempo de la Montaña (20:00 GMT), en un camino de terracería que une las comunidades de San Miguelito, Sonora, y Pancho Villa, en Chihuahua,por un grupo armado, presuntamente del crimen organizado, que abrió fuego contra los tres vehículos, causando la explosión e incendio de uno de ellos y la muerte de 9 de las personas que se trasladaban, las tres mujeres adultas y seis niños, así como lesiones de diversos grados al menos a otros seis menores, así como una menor inicialmente desaparecida.
Pero nada está nada claro. Hay confusión de versiones, inclusive. Qué fue lo que realmente ocurrió. Quién realmente atacó a la caravana de vehículos. ¿Fue un fuego cruzado, realmente, entre dos bandas de la delincuencia organizada? ¿Fue un ajuste de cuentas entre los diferentes intereses de la misma comunidad? ¿Fue obra de los barzonistas con quienes los de LeBarón siempre han estado en conflicto? Tantas preguntas.
Pero mientras esto se desenreda, está ocurriendo algo similar a lo que pasó en Culiacán con la aprehensión y liberación del hijo de El Chapo. Al final, los subversivos enemigos de López Obrador, que abiertamente quieren derrocarlo, están aprovechando lo ocurrido para intensificar la propaganda en contra del presidente, manipulando los sentimientos de las clases medias, que ahora piden a gritos la intervención de Estados Unidos para “acabar con los narcos”, cuando los Estados Unidos no han podido, ni podrán, acabar con las organizaciones criminales que pululan por todo el territorio estadounidense y son los amos de la distribución de las drogas que les mandan los mexicanos, entre la juventud de aquel país.
Por tanto, la sugerencia para los lectores de este espacio analítico es esperar las investigaciones ministeriales y ver cuál es la versión verdadera de la policía investigadora del Ministerio Público. No dudamos de ninguna manera que el hecho es de cualquier manera horrible, y condenable por donde se vea.
Pero como lo hemos visto, las primeras versiones de la masacre de mujeres y niños son confusas. A veces aparecen prefabricadas por la mediocracia antigobiernista; se perciben falsas, poco confiables; muy parecido a lo que pasó en Culiacán con la aprehensión y la liberación del hijo de El Chapo Guzmán.
Pero quiénes son los responsables reales de la masacre. Esta interrogante deberá ser contestada por los investigadores de la Fiscalía General de la República. Las especulaciones huelen a subversión contra el gobierno de López Obrador.
Como dice Shakespeare en boca del Príncipe Hamlet, algo está podrido en Dinamarca.
Puede ser cierta la versión de que la familia masacrada, mujeres y niños, hayan sido víctimas, como dicen, de fuego cruzado entre dos frentes de la delincuencia organizada. No se descarta. Pero hay muchos detalles que no concuerdan con los hábitos de los criminales de la delincuencia organizada.
Hay que analizar también las relaciones comunales e interpersonales de la comunidad de LeBarón. No son, en verdad, sin afán de minimizar la masacre, una perita en dulce.