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Security in a heartbeat

Newswise imageSandia National Laboratories is collaborating with a small business to test a biometric security system based on the human heartbeat. Sandia signed a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with Albuquerque-based Aquila Inc. to develop and test a wearable prototype that can stream in real time an identifying signature based on the electrical activity of a person's heart.

Understanding FERPA: How K–12 Schools Can Update Their Data Privacy Approach

Understanding FERPA: How K–12 Schools Can Update Their Data Privacy Approach Fri, 09/20/2019 - 13:11

Administrators and educational staff at schools around the country understand the importance of protecting student privacy. The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, signed into law in 1974 by President Gerald Ford, created clear protections for student educational records, limiting the ways school officials can share those records with outside parties and ensuring parents retain access to information about their children.

FERPA is well known within the educational community, but it is often misunderstood. In many cases, administrators believe that FERPA prohibits them from sharing information with anyone, and it is sometimes used as the basis for restricting information sharing among educators within a school.

MORE FROM EDTECH: Biometrics may be a boon for physical security, but some experts have concerns over data privacy. 

What Does FERPA Protect?

In a K–12 setting, the rights extended under FERPA typically apply to the parents of minor students under the age of 18. These protections include:

  • The right to review any educational records maintained by the school about their student
  • The right to request correction of information they believe is incorrect
  • The right to avoid disclosure of student records to third parties without written consent

There are quite a few exceptions to the disclosure consent requirement, including exceptions for basic biographical “directory” information and for cases where the information is being disclosed to authorized school officials for a legitimate educational purpose. Interpreting these provisions can be complicated, and the advice of an attorney who specializes in education law can be invaluable in navigating them.

MORE FROM EDTECH: See how schools can balance student privacy and security protocols.

5 Ways Schools Can Build a Modern Data Privacy Strategy

FERPA’s provisions are common-sense requirements that codify some of the foundational principles of privacy: Individuals should have the right to review and correct their records and control the disclosure of their personal information. 

As schools seek to implement these basic principles in practice, they find the worlds of privacy and cybersecurity are intertwined and complex. 

In the 45 years since FERPA became law, schools have replaced centralized paper records with distributed digital systems that require careful security controls. 

Here are five things that schools can do today to ensure their privacy practices meet modern standards.

  1. Train all faculty and staff on privacy provisions. In a world of distributed data, privacy becomes everyone’s responsibility. Faculty and staff with access to student information systems must understand that they should only retrieve information from that system when they have, in the words of FERPA, a “legitimate educational interest.” Unauthorized browsing of records may constitute a FERPA violation. Similarly, anyone accessing student educational records has a responsibility to protect the privacy of those records and should not disclose them to anyone not eligible to review them under FERPA.

  2. Designate a FERPA guru. FERPA is a constant source of confusion among educators and administrators. Every district should have at least one designated subject matter expert with a deep understanding of the district’s privacy practices. Creating this position does not absolve others of responsibility for complying with FERPA, but it does give them a place to turn when they have questions about tricky privacy issues.

  3. Implement strong, granular access controls. In the early days of student information systems, it wasn’t uncommon for all faculty and staff to have unrestricted access to student records. That approach is not consistent with the “legitimate educational interest” provision of FERPA. Schools should implement access controls that limit record access based upon an individual’s role. This may include both domain-based restrictions and student-based restrictions. For example, a teacher might have access to all record domains but be limited to students in their classes. Or, a school nurse might have access to records about all students, but that access might be domain-limited to health-related information.

  4. Monitor for security threats. Cybersecurity threats are sophisticated and require specific expertise to combat. Districts should designate a technology staff member as their cybersecurity official and charge that person with monitoring security systems for threats. This includes analysis of security logs as well as periodic testing of security controls. Building a strong cybersecurity foundation reduces the likelihood of a major data breach.

  5. Implement data loss prevention technology. One of the biggest challenges in protecting student privacy rests in understanding where educational records are stored and how they move on the network. DLP technology provides this insight, allowing security officials to inventory sensitive records and control their flow across the network. Properly implemented DLP technology can identify and block a potential privacy violation before it takes place.

Preserving privacy is a complex undertaking that requires a mix of sound policy, strong business practices and modern technology. This is a great time for schools to inventory their existing privacy practices and assess whether they are in line with contemporary best practices.

Mike Chapple is associate teaching professor of IT, analytics and operations at the University of Notre Dame. 


Multi-Discipline Systems Engineer - Mitre Corporation - Clarksburg, WV

Testing commercial vendor biometric imagery against Electronic Biometric Transmission Specifications (EBTS). Key functions of this role include….
From Mitre Corporation - Mon, 16 Sep 2019 21:29:14 GMT - View all Clarksburg, WV jobs

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Viaggi - Viaggiare con Valigie e trolley personalizzate con il tuo logo (lumieres)

lumieres scrive nella categoria Viaggi che: Su un trolley si potrebbe aggiungere un modulo di autoguida che riesca a seguire costantemente il proprietario o una serratura biometrica su una valigia da viaggio e chiamarla innovazione, ma è onestamente una valigia dal migliore? Sì, ha più funzioni, ma non è un miglioramento rispetto ai problemi esistenti, vero? Ciò che si ottiene quando si progetta una valigia da viaggio radicalmente migliore
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Camera Comparison: iPhone 11 Pro Max vs. Samsung Galaxy Note 10+

Samsung's Galaxy Note 10+, the company's newest flagship device, was unveiled just a month ahead of the iPhone 11 and iPhone 11 Pro, and it's one of the main competitors to Apple's newest iPhone devices.

Both have triple-lens camera setups, so we thought we'd compare the camera quality of the iPhone 11 Pro Max with the camera quality of the Galaxy Note 10+ to see if one has an edge over another.

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The iPhone 11 Pro Max has 12-megapixel telephoto, wide-angle, and ultra wide-angle lenses. The Galaxy Note 10+ has the same general lens setup, but with a 12-megapixel telephoto lens, a 12-megapixel wide-angle lens, and a 16-megapixel ultra wide-angle lens, so it wins out when it comes to megapixels for the ultra wide-angle camera.

When it comes to photo quality, both of these cameras can take some amazing photos and a lot of the variance is going to depend on your personal shooting conditions, including subject, lighting, and other factors, but there are some differences to be aware of.

The Galaxy Note 10+ seems to overdo highlights, washing out photos and overexposing them in some situations, while the iPhone 11 Pro Max doesn't tend to do that. The Galaxy Note 10+ also has a tendency to oversaturate images somewhat, while the iPhone 11 Pro Max offers more true to life colors.

Some people prefer that slight oversaturation and the brighter light areas that the Samsung device can produce, even if it's not quite as accurate to what you're seeing in front of you when taking a photo. You can, of course, tone down saturation in post processing for Galaxy Note 10+ photos or bump it up for iPhone 11 Pro Max photos, but out of the camera, colors can tend to look a bit more vibrant on the Galaxy Note 10+.

Though the Galaxy Note 10+ has a higher megapixel ultra wide-angle camera than the iPhone 11 Pro Max, it doesn't really produce better pictures. Quality seems similar between the two devices, and on the iPhone 11 Pro Max, the new ultra wide-angle sensor is lacking some of the better features of its wide-angle camera, such as a lower aperture, larger sensor, optical image stabilization, and support for Night Mode.

So while the ultra wide-angle camera can get you some great wide shots of landscapes, architecture, and people, it's best for better lighting conditions, and the same seems to be true of Samsung's ultra wide-angle lens.

The Note 10+ and the 11 Pro Max each offer a nighttime mode for low-light photography, and both do a great job in poor lighting conditions using this feature. The Galaxy Note 10+'s penchant to overexpose can result in some brighter night time shots in some situations, but that's not always a desired effect. Night mode on the iPhone 11 Pro Max is designed to make sure a night time photo feels like it was taken at night, and that's an area where Apple excelled.

Samsung offers a feature called Live Focus, designed to offer an adjustable live background blurring effect for front and rear-facing photos, while the iPhone offers Portrait Mode. Both of these are similar, and have seen improvements over prior-generation smartphones from each manufacturer. Edge detection is better than ever, and the background blurring is better, so it's tough to pick a winner in this category.

As for video, both photos produced impressive 4K footage at 60 frames per second, though the 11 Pro Max had better auto stabilization features without having to delve into settings.

Both smartphones have similar front-facing setups. The iPhone 11 Pro Max has a 12-megapixel front-facing lens while the Galaxy Note 10+ has a 10-megapixel front-facing lens. There's a caveat with the iPhone's front-facing camera - in zoomed in shots (there's an option to zoom in and out now), the photos that you're getting by default are seven megapixels. You need to use the zoomed out mode to get the full 12-megapixel resolution.

When it comes to quality, the front-facing camera of the Galaxy Note 10+ seems to be a bit sharper than the iPhone 11 Pro Max, with more detail, while the iPhone 11 Pro has better color accuracy. Sometimes the Galaxy Note 10+ may be a bit too sharp for some people, so preference between the two will come down to how sharp you want your selfies to be.

Of course, the iPhone 11 Pro Max has Face ID for 3D facial biometric authentication, which the Note 10+ can't match. It does offer iris scanning and facial recognition capabilities, but neither are secure enough to serve as the sole authentication method for payments so there's still a fingerprint sensor.

When it comes down to it, both the iPhone 11 Pro Max and the Galaxy Note 10+ are capable of producing incredible, crisp photos that can often rival what you'll get out of a dedicated camera. Neither one is clearly better than the other, and choosing one will come down to platform preference more than anything else.

That said, the Galaxy Note 10+ appears to be better for those who prefer a more saturated, color rich image and exaggerated highlights, while the iPhone 11 Pro Max appears to be better at producing colors and lighting that's more true to life.

Do you prefer Note 10+ or iPhone 11 Pro Max and think there's a clear winner? Let us know in the comments.

This article, "Camera Comparison: iPhone 11 Pro Max vs. Samsung Galaxy Note 10+" first appeared on

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LG G8s ThinQ powered by Snapdragon 855 chipset launched at Rs. 36,990 in India

LG G8s ThinQ launched in India

Months after its debut, LG has brought its G8s ThinQ smartphone to India. It comes with Snapdragon 855 processor, triple cameras and the sorcery Hand ID. The latter is a palm-reading tech that uses biometrics of your hand to control the device functions wirelessly. LG G8s ThinQ highlights Starting with the specials, which is primarily […]

The post LG G8s ThinQ powered by Snapdragon 855 chipset launched at Rs. 36,990 in India appeared first on Smartprix Bytes.


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