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Rock & Grass Bundle

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Get your nature images going with the Rock and Grass Shader Bundle.

Includes both base shaders, with all their presets and utilities, plus bundle only bonus items!

Bonus items include 13 rock rubble and wall props props, 5 terrains in 15 configurations. Also, 2 complete scenes with asteroids and rolling grassy hills.

Price: $23.95 Special Price: $11.98


          

Gigantic Collision in the Asteroid Belt – Boost for Biodiversity on Earth?

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Asteroid Belt Dust

An international study led by researchers from Lund University in Sweden has found that a collision in the asteroid belt 470 million years ago created...

The post Gigantic Collision in the Asteroid Belt – Boost for Biodiversity on Earth? appeared first on SciTechDaily.


          

Buraco negro explodiu na Via Láctea há 3,5 milhões de anos, diz estudo

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Buraco negro supermassivo explodiu no meio da Via Láctea há 3,5 milhões de anos (Foto: NASA)

 

Há 3,5 milhões de anos, um buraco negro supermassivo explodiu no meio da Via Láctea — explosão tão grande que o impacto foi sentido a 200 mil anos-luz de distância, na Corrente de Magalhães. A explosão foi desencadeada por um disparo de radiação ionizante no buraco negro Sagittarius A*, que tem a massa cerca de 4 milhões de vezes maior à do Sol. A descoberta foi realizada por cientistas estadunidenses e australianos e será publicada em breve no The Astrophysical Journal.

Chamado de "bengala de Seyfert", o fenômeno emitiu uma onda de radiação tão poderosa que saiu ao espaço profundo em forma de dois "cones de ionização" radioativos 

Usando dados coletados pelo Telescópio Espacial Hubble, os pesquisadores calcularam que a explosão maciça ocorreu há pouco mais de 3 milhões de anos (um evento considerado surpreendentemente recente em termos galácticos). Para se ter uma ideia da escala de tempo, quando ocorreu a explosão do buraco negro, o asteroide que provocou a extinção dos dinossauros já tinha acontecido há 63 milhões de anos, e os ancestrais da humanidade, os australopitecinos, estavam povoando a África.

"Isso mostra que o centro da Via Láctea é um lugar muito mais dinâmico do que havíamos pensado anteriormente. É uma sorte que não estamos morando por lá", disse a professora Lisa Kewley, diretora do centro de astronomia ASTRO 3D. Os pesquisadores estimam que a explosão durou provavelmente 300 mil anos — um período que também é bastante curto em termos galácticos.

 

 

"Esses resultados mudam dramaticamente nossa compreensão da Via Láctea", afirmou a coautora Magda Guglielmo, da Universidade de Sydney. "Sempre pensamos em nossa galáxia como uma galáxia inativa, com um centro não tão brilhante. Esses novos resultados abrem a possibilidade de uma reinterpretação completa de sua evolução e natureza.
 


          

Giant asteroid strike may have wiped out life 12,800 years ago

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Nearly two-thirds of all Americans want the government to focus on monitoring asteroids in the event of a catastrophic strike. That concern may be deep-rooted in nature’s history, according to a new study. The research, published in the journal Palaeontologia Africana, suggests an asteroid strike with “global consequences” occurred 12,800 years ago. This devastating strike...
          

макошь311: NASA: На Землю надвигается астероидный шторм – 16 астероидов за 7 дней!

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Express.co.uk#utm_source=googlier.com/page/2019_10_08/55509&utm_campaign=link&utm_term=googlier&utm_content=googlier.com: Согласно специальному официальному объявлению NASA. опубликованному буквально только что, NASA обнаружило рой из 16-ти астероидов,  сквозь который пройдет Земля в течении текущей недели. 
 
Самый крупный из астероидов этой группы по размерам значительно больше, чем Великая пирамида в Гизе, в Египте.
 
По данным Центра исследований околоземных объектов (CNEOS), 8 октября Землю посетят первые семь астероидов. 
 
Как отмечают в CNEOS, эти астероиды носят наименования:  2019 TU, 2019 TW1, 2019 RK, 2019 TC1, 2019 SB6, 2019 TM и 2019 TS.
 
Эти астероиды начнут прибывать один за другим, начиная с раннего утра понедельника. 
 
Хотя большинство этих астероидов пройдут мимо Земли на безопасном расстоянии, ожидается, что как минимум один из них пройдет он нас критически близко. 
 
Согласно CNEOS, астероид 2019 T1 пролетит мимо планеты на дистанции  0,00378 астрономических единиц или примерно на 351 000 миль, что немного больше, чем расстояние между Землей и Луной
 
Эти астероиды, а именно 2019 TV1, 2019 TZ и 2019 SL7, посетят Землю рано утром 8-го октября (по британскому времени). Имея диаметр от  29 до 38 метров для планеты эти астероиды не опасны, но при попадании одного из них в город они будут убийственны. 
 
Следующие астероиды, астероид  2019 TV1 и астероид 2019 TZ пролетят мимо Земли за миллионы миль, в то время как 2019 SL7 приблизится к Земле с расстояния всего 0,00363 астрономических единиц или около 337 000 миль.
 
Далее,  еще один астероид  пролетит мимо Земли в районе 10 октября. Он известен как астероид SX5 2019. Он самый крупный в обнаруженной группе и имеет диаметр  140 метров, то есть он больше, чем Великая Пирамида.  По оценкам NASA он пройдет мимо Земли на дистанции 0,04533 астрономических единиц или около 4,2 миллиона миль.
 
Наконец в субботу, 12 октября, Землю посетят еще четыре астероида.
 
По сравнению с 2019 SX5, диаметр которого 140 метров,  астероиды 2019 TN1, 2019 SK8, 2019 SV9 и 2019 SE2 значительно меньше. Их диаметры в среднем от 25 до 90 метров.
 
Ожидается, что эти четыре астероида посетят окрестности Земли рано утром в субботу по среднему британскому времени.
 
Последний астероид, который пролетит мимо Земли на этой неделе, называется 2019 TT1.
 
Этот астероид диаметр 38 метров и 13 октября он приблизится к Земле на дистанцию 0,00744 астрономических единиц или около 692 000 миль.
 
К счастью, астероидов хотя и довольно много, все они относительно небольшие и представляют опасность только при прямом попадании в город.
 
Однако, если когда-нибудь на Землю упадет скала размером с астероид (99942) Апофис диаметром в несколько сотен метров – разрушения будут уже планетарного масштаба. В последний раз обитатели  Земли видели этот ужас 66 миллионов лет назад, после чего всего они были уничтожены. 
 
 

          

Dr. Richard Daystrom on (News Article):Super-sized Space Bubbles in Another Galaxy Are Spewing Cosmic Rays in Our Direction.....

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Super-sized Space Bubbles in Another Galaxy Are Spewing Cosmic Rays in Our Direction.....

 

10/07/2019 / By Edsel Cook

Tagged Under: cosmiccosmic eventscosmic raysdiscoveriesGalaxiesNASANGC 3079 galaxyouter spacespace researchStars, super bubbles, super-massive black holes

You have probably seen a child huffing and puffing and blowing at a bubble blower toy to fill the air with glistening soap bubbles. Researchers identified a galaxy in the universe that is going through a similar phase in its life — except its space bubbles are shooting cosmic rays in the general direction of Earth.

The NGC 3079 galaxy lies 67 million light-years from the sun. It produced two huge bubbles of gas that span several thousand light-years in diameter.

Both formations gave off tremendous amounts of highly charged particles that streaked across the vast void as cosmic rays. Their particles displayed 100 times more energy than any counterpart on Earth, including the ones created and studied at the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland.

A NASA-led international team of researchers from the United States, Canada, France, and Germany made this discovery. They went over imagery sent by the Hubble Space Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory — two of the four “Great Observatories” launched by NASA from 1990 to 2003.

They spotted the two cosmic bubbles bobbing near the center of NGC 3079. The researchers released their findings in The Astrophysical Journal. (Related: Sci-fi in real life: Scientists propose building a space station INSIDE an asteroid and using its gravity to mine valuable space rocks.)

A distant galaxy formed two big super bubbles

While researchers have spotted similar bubbles in the past, the vast bulk of the two cosmic formations in NGC 3079 earned them the classification of “super bubbles.”

The bulkier member of the pair sported a diameter of 4,900 light-years. Meanwhile, its partner measured around 73 percent of its size (3,600 light-years).

To give an idea of how big these super bubbles are, the orbit of Neptune around the sun measures a diameter of 5.6 billion miles (nine billion kilometers). Multiply that by one thousand, and you get a light-year, 5.6 trillion miles (nine trillion kilometers.)

Now, note that both NGC 3079 super bubbles have diameters that span thousands of light-years. The bigger super bubble measures more than 27.4 quadrillion miles (50.4 quadrillion kilometers).

These and other super bubbles throughout the universe are made up of stellar gas that originated in stars in their home galaxy. While a star releases gas regularly, it may experience a tremendously strong shock wave or multiple such events. The shock waves hurl its material so far into space that the expelled gas forms a bubble-shaped structure.

The secret origin of NGC 3079’s super bubbles

The NASA researchers might know about the process that formed cosmic bubbles, but they remained mystified regarding the particular event that produced the shock waves responsible for creating NGC 3079’s super bubbles.

One theory involves newly formed stars. A lot of energy goes into the birth of a star. The process produces “stellar winds” similar to solar wind, but arguably much stronger.

These stellar winds may possess the force to cast stellar gas into the far reaches of space. And there are a lot of stars being born.

Another theory attributes super bubbles to the activity of super-massive black holes. Often found in the hearts of galaxies, the titanic space-time distortions devour anything that passes their event horizon.

Whenever a black hole consumes matter, it releases immense amounts of energy. The radiation from the supermassive examples has enough energy to form super bubbles.

Like most galaxies, NGC 3079 hosts a super-massive black hole in its center. And this black hole so happens to sit in between the super bubbles, lending credence to this theory.

Whatever their origin, the super bubbles appear to act as natural particle accelerators of immense power. The interactions within the gas-filled cavity may impart tremendous amounts of energy on cosmic particles. They may be a source of the cosmic rays that make space travel so risky.

Sources include:

LiveScience.com#utm_source=googlier.com/page/2019_10_08/66691&utm_campaign=link&utm_term=googlier&utm_content=googlier.com

IOPScience.IOP.org#utm_source=googlier.com/page/2019_10_08/66691&utm_campaign=link&utm_term=googlier&utm_content=googlier.com


          

Scientists Want To Turn Asteroids Into Gas Stations

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OilPrice.com#utm_source=googlier.com/page/2019_10_08/69530&utm_campaign=link&utm_term=googlier&utm_content=googlier.com | While most of those space rocks are only a few feet in size, at least 25 of them are large enough to be able to serve as a stand-alone water reservoir.
          

Asteroid bigger than a London bus detected only three days ago just skimmed past the Earth

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AN ASTEROID, dubbed 2019 TW1, which is bigger than the size of a traditional London bus and was detected only three days ago just skimmed past the Earth.
          

Surpriză mare pentru astronomi: acest asteroid pare că își schimbă culoarea

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Universul este plin de surprize, iar printre acestea se numără și asteroidul descoperit de specialiști care își schimbă culoarea. Cum explică cercetătorii comportamentul bizar al
          

The Inhumans. They're Marvel's most evolved alien race, an ancient species of man blessed with strange and remarkable power!

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From Marvel Comics

Crystal

A princess and sister to Queen Medusa of the Inhumans, Crystal is a noble and compassionate member of the royal family; while she controls elemental substances, she only does so to protect her family and others from harm. When she’s not fighting alongside Earth’s heroes, like the Fantastic Four and the Avengers, she takes her role as a royal seriously and works for the betterment of her people.

Crystal was born as Crystalia Amaquelin into the Royal Family of the Inhumans, a sub-species of humanity from the city Attilan who were diverged through Kree experiments. The Inhumans are a hidden race preoccupied with genetics; they developed the Terrigen Mists, a mutagenic compound routinely exposed to many Inhuman children to unlock their potential for superhuman abilities—Crystal among them. Her parents are Quelin and Ambur, and she is sister to Medusa, Queen of the Inhumans.

While others in the Royal Family eagerly embraced a warrior heritage, Crystal preferred more peaceful pursuits and never took to her battle training. Though when Crystal and her family were exiled to Earth and Medusa went missing, Crystal helped find her sister and later became a close ally of the Fantastic Four and the Avengers.

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The Inhumans

Twenty-five thousand years ago, an alien Kree patrol ship in the Solar System shot down a ship manned by Eternals, a human subspecies created on Earth by the Celestials. Kree scientists studied the remains of one Eternal, Arlok, and were fascinated by his superhuman powers. Realizing that Earth beings possessed unique genetic potential, the Kree sent a scientific party to Earth to perform experiments upon humans with the intention to create an army of superhumans for themselves. Their creations possessed enhanced strength and long lifespans. However, the Kree ultimately abandoned their work on Earth for unknown reasons, and the Inhumans developed into a distinct society.

The Inhumans, led by King Myran, settled in the city of Attilan, located in the North Atlantic Ocean just off the island continent of Atlantis, and became one of the most advanced cultures on Earth. When the Great Cataclysm destroyed Atlantis, Attilan endured and became legendary amongst humanity. They surrounded their city with a protective dome, subtly altering its internal environment, and began referring to Attilan as the Great Refuge. Not long after the Cataclysm, the geneticist Randac discovered the Terrigen mist, a gaseous mutagenic substance created by the exposure of rare Terrigen crystals to precise combinations of heat and vapor. These crystals appeared to only be found in a cavern beneath Attilan.

Randac exposed himself to the Terrigen mist, unlocking the superhuman potential the Kree had left in his people’s DNA. A Sentry robot left behind by the Kree examined the mutated Randac and judged that the Inhumans had achieved what the Kree had hoped for. However, the Sentry also warned them that they and the Kree might also become enemies.

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Inhumans Prime #1 Walmart Variant Edition May 2017 Marvel Comics

Walmart Exclusive Variant Edition Limited Printing

Written by Al Ewing. Art by Ryan Sook. Cover by Jonboy Meyers.

RESURRXION BEGINS HERE!

In the wake of the awesome events of IVX - what will become of the Inhumans? In this oversized special issue - the trial of Maximus! The coming of Marvel Boy! And what is the dark secret of Black Bolt? A special bridging issue between the past of the Inhumans and their future - on Earth and in the stars! 36 pages, full color. Rated T+

$19.99 - Shop Now



BLACK BOLT

Regal, stately, and dangerously loud, Black Bolt is the worthy king of the Inhumans royal family.

In spite of a voice that could level mountains, he uses his powers for good and always serves his people first, no matter what the cost to himself. Between trying to keep scheming brother Maximus from snagging the throne or preventing a prejudiced humanity from harming his subjects, Black Bolt is a busy Super Hero with a (mostly) great family behind him.

Born to the long-hidden Inhuman race in their secluded community Attilan, Blackagar Boltagon is the son of two prominent Inhuman geneticists, Agon, head of the ruling Council of Genetics, and Rynda, director of the Prenatal Care Center.

While many Inhumans were subjected to the mutagenic Terrigen Mists, Blackagar was actually exposed in utero, resulting in greater than normal abilities. As an infant, he couldn't control his energy manipulation abilities - he threw a temper tantrum while being studied in a lab and nearly destroyed Attilan with the destructive sonic energy of his vocal cords. Found in the rubble of the collapsed lab, Black Bolt survived by shielding himself with a high-density electron force field.

For the protection of all Inhumans, Black Bolt was placed inside a soundproof chamber and given an energy-harnessing suit, while being taught to control his abilities. When he was released at age 19, he was reunited with his cousins and his brother Maximus, who immediately attacked him, hoping to force Black Bolt to speak and prove he was unworthy of being king. With the aid of Black Bolt's cousins, Maximus was knocked unconscious and Black Bolt proved himself worthy of his future title.

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Inhumans Special #1 April 1990 Marvel Comics

Cover: Artists Richard Howell Writers: Lou Mougin Pencilers: Richard Howell Inkers: Vince Colletta Colourists: Richard Howell
Letterers: Diana Albers

Synopsis for "Remembrances of Revolutions Past":
The untold story of the uncanny Inhumans just before they met the Fantastic Four!

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MEDUSA

As the queen of the Inhuman royal family, Medusa spends much of her time fighting for the right of the genetically-altered Inhuman race to exist. She stands against anyone who opposes her people, from humanity to the Kree, to other members of the royal family, like Maximus, the brother of her husband and Inhuman king Black Bolt.

With her mane of deadly red locks, Medusa commands respect. And, as Black Bolt does not speak for fear of the destructive power his voice wields, one of Medusa's main roles as queen-consort is to interpret his wishes and communicate them to their subjects.

Medusa was born into the royal family of the Inhumans, and so raised as an elite, meant to be queen. However, Medusa rebelled against her strict upbringing. Though she was betrothed to Black Bolt at a young age, she flirted briefly with his younger brother, Maximus - a flirtation made easier by the fact that Black Bolt was kept in quarantined isolation for many years.

Medusa began to correspond electronically with Black Bolt in his isolation and the two bonded, developing a personal sign language for communication that only they understood. She learned to interpret Black Bolt's body language and fell in love with him. After his release and the tragic death of Black Bolt's parents, Medusa grew even closer to him.

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Inhumans #10 April 1977 Marvel Comics

Written by Doug Moench, with art by Keith Pollard. Cover by Ed Hannigan and Mike Esposito.

Trapped in the stronghold of their enemies, the Inhumans go wild! Featuring: 17 page Inhumans story "Isle of the Asteroid Web!" Characters: Inhumans [Black Bolt; Medusa; Karnak; Gorgon; Triton; Lockjaw]; Guest: Warkon, Falzon; Villain: Mon-Tog (Intro); Skornn; Kree.

$14.99 - Shop Now


          

2014 VA - MPEC 2019-T145

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Key info includes, small asteroid, H = 24.4, roughly 45m in diameter. Dated 0246 UT, noted at 0400 UTC. - [direct]
          

2019 TM3 - MPEC 2019-T144

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Key info includes, small asteroid, Earth MOID = 1.1 LD, H = 27.6, roughly 10m in diameter. Picked up on 7 Oct. by the Mt. Lemmon Survey (MLS), observing it at Oct. 7.24-25p3. Dated 0159 UT, noted at 0400 UTC. - [direct]
          

2019 TL3 - MPEC 2019-T143

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Key info includes, small asteroid, Earth MOID = 8.5 LD, H = 24.9, roughly 35m in diameter. Picked up on 6 Oct. by ATLAS Haleakala, observing it at Oct. 6.40-42p3, 6.46-47p2, and 6.60-63p5. Dated 0140 UT, noted at 0400 UTC. - [direct]
          

Massive swarm of asteroids including a space rock larger than the Great Pyramid of Giza is soaring past Earth - The Sun

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  1. Massive swarm of asteroids including a space rock larger than the Great Pyramid of Giza is soaring past Earth  The Sun
  2. Asteroid swarm: Nasa detects 16 space rocks hurtling towards Earth this week  Express.co.uk#utm_source=googlier.com/page/2019_10_08/102100&utm_campaign=link&utm_term=googlier&utm_content=googlier.com
  3. Nasa: A swarm of asteroids is headed in the direction of Earth'  Metro.co.uk#utm_source=googlier.com/page/2019_10_08/102100&utm_campaign=link&utm_term=googlier&utm_content=googlier.com
  4. Space Week 2019: Asteroids, exploration, moon landings and more make this the year of space; Part I  Firstpost
  5. Nasa admits it almost missed asteroid twice the size of a double-decker bus due to skim past Earth tomorrow  The Sun
  6. View full coverage on Google News

          

NASA detects asteroid swarm hurtling near Earth

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Unfortunately, none are predicted to hit Africa, maybe their calculations are in error, one can only hope: NASA news: Space agency warns of a swarm of asteroids hurtling towards Earth | Science |...
          

La evidencia que indica que un superasteroide impactó la Tierra hace 12.000 años y causó una era polar

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The American Astronaut (The American Astronaut) 2001

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"The American Astronaut" começa quando Samuel Curtis (McAbee) pousa a sua nave espacial num bar intergaláctico situado num dos maiores asteroides que ocupam o espaço entre Marte e Júpiter. Um narrador explica-nos então uma história bastante complicada. O novo trabalho de Curtis é trocar uma mulher clonada que vive numa caixa, levá-la para Júpiter, um planeta só de homens, e trocá-la pelo Rapaz que viu os Seios de Uma Mulher (Gregory Russell Cook), depois levar o rapaz para Vénus para trocá-lo pelo cadáver de um criador, e finalmente trazê-lo de volta para a sua família de luto na terra.
Tudo muito simples até que os problemas acontecem. E não esquecer que o narrador é o Professor Hess (Rocco Sisto), um velho inimigo de Curtis, que mata toda a gente sem razão. Por outro lado, ele não matará se tiver um motivo (sim, é mesmo assim).
"The American Astronaut" é um musical, na grande tradição das estranhas bandas de São Francisco, como Primus ou The Residents, e onde a música de Billy Nayer Show é realmente bizarra, variando do rockabilly a pequenas rimas.  É um filme tão ferozmente caseiro, com efeitos extravagantes do espaço sideral, uma fotografia com pouca luz (projetada para encobrir cenários de aparência barata) e um argumento onde vale tudo, e onde é difícil de acreditar no que quer que seja. 
O grande problema do filme provém do facto do realizador, argumentista e protagonista Cory McAbee pretender que este filme se torne uma obra de culto, mas como diz o velho ditado, um filme de culto não pode procurar o seu público, mas tem de ser o público a próprio filme de culto. 

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Japan Sci-Tech News: Japanese spacecraft releases rover toward asteroid in last mission

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Japan’s space agency says its Hayabusa2 spacecraft has released a small rover that will land on the surface of an asteroid as part its final mission before heading back to Earth. (Japan Today)


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